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2017 | 26 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Residue analysis of pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides in various water sources using gas romatography-mass detection

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Pesticides along with with their degradation products spread throughout the environment and contaminate the water, leading to a consequent potential risk to humans and also the environment. The study aims to determinene the residual pesticides (organophosphorus, pyrethroids ), herbicides, and fungicides in the water resources (wells, deep wells, springs, spring-heads, and flumes) of Kermanshah Province, Iran. Water samples were taken from 50 stations from April to June 2016, and analyses were performed using gas-chromatography–mass-spectrometry techniques. Data were analysed using SPSS version 20. One of the most important points of this study is the fact that all water resources were safe except for deep wells. Total concentration of organophosphorus was 2.2 ppb. The mean concentration of pyrethroids in Islamabad Gharb and Songhor was 0.574 and 2.235 ppb, respectively. Organophosphorus and pyrethroid pesticides total concentration was more than the European standard. The contamination range of difenoconazole fungicide was 0.024 ppb (Gilan Gharb) and 1.089 ppb (Kermanshah). Glyphosate herbicide was only seen in Islamabad Gharb (0.011 ppb). The mean concentration of all pesticides in the investigated wells was more than the European standard. Estimating pesticide concentration is important for preserving aquatic ecosystems and human health.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
26
Numer
5
Opis fizyczny
p.2189-2195,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
autor
  • Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
autor
  • Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
autor
  • Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
autor
  • Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
autor
  • Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Bibliografia
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  • 2. BAKORE N., JOHN P., BHATNAGAR P. Organochlorine Pesticide Residues In Wheat And Drinking Water Samples From Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Environmental Monitoring And Assessment. 98, 381, 2004.
  • 3. CAMPO J., MASIA A., BLASCO C., PICO Y. Occurrence And Removal Efficiency Of Pesticides In Sewage Treatment Plants Of Four Mediterranean River Basins. Journal Of Hazardous Materials. 263, 146, 2013.
  • 4. CCANCCAPA A., MASIA A., ANDREU V., PICO Y. Spatio-Temporal Patterns Of Pesticide Residues In The Turia And Júcar Rivers (Spain). Science Of The Total Environment. 540, 200, 2016.
  • 5. PIRSAHEB M., DARGAHI A., HAZRATI S., FAZLZADEDAVIL M. Removal Of Diazinon And 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid (2, 4-D) From Aqueous Solutions By Granular-Activated Carbon. Desalination And Water Treatment. 52, 4350, 2014.
  • 6. CLARKE E., ADERINOLA O., ADEBOYEJO O. Persistent Organochlorine Pesticides (POPs) In Water, Sediment, Fin Fish (Sarotherodon Goalies) And Shell Fishes. Callinectes Pallidus And Macrobrachium Macrobrachium. 59, 122, 2013.
  • 7. FRIMPON K., YEBOAH P., FLETVHER J., ADOMAKO D., PWAMANG J. Assessment Of Organochlorine Pesticides Residues In Cocoa Beans From Ghana. Elixir Food Sci. 50, 10257, 2012.
  • 8. USEPA U., Environmental Protection Agency. Urban Air Toxics Monitoring Program (UATMP). Office Of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC. 1992, 27711, 2004.
  • 9. WU Y., Lee H., LI S. High-Performance Chiral Separation Of Fourteen Triazole Fungicides By Sulfated β-Cyclodextrin-Mediated Capillary Electrophoresis. Journal Of Chromatography A. 912, 179, 2001.
  • 10. DARGAHI A., GOLESTANFAR h., DARVISHI P., KARAMI A., HASAN S. H., POORMOHAMMADI A., BEHZADNIA A. An Investigation And Comparison Of Removing Heavy Metals (Lead And Chromium) From Aqueous Solutions Using Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticles. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 25, 557, 2016.
  • 11. ISMAIL A., DERBALAH A., SHAEEN S. Monitoring And Re-mediation Technologies Of Organochlorine Pesticides In Drainage Water. Polish Journal Of Chemical Technology. 17, 115, 2015.
  • 12. LAHAFIAN J. The Newly Found Petroglyphs In the Western Kermanshah. In Arts, Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 24, 78, 2015.
  • 13. GREULICH K., ALDER L. Fast Multi-Residue Screening Of 300 Pesticides In Water For Human Consumption By LC-MS/MS. Analytical And Bioanalytical Chemistry. 391, 183, 2008.
  • 14. RAHMANIKAH Z., SARI A.E., BAHRAMIFAR N., BOUSJIEN Z.S. Organophosphorous pesticide Rresidues in the Surface and Ground Water in The Southern Coast Watershed Of Caspian Sea, Iran. World Applied Sciences Journal. 9, 160, 2010.
  • 15. SINGARE P.U. Distribution And Risk Assessment Of Suspected Endocrine-Disrupting Pesticides In Creek Water Of Mumbai, India. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 102, 72, 2016.
  • 16. SU Y.S., JEN J.F. Determination Of Organophosphorous Pesticides In Water Using In-Syringe Ultrasound-Assisted Emulsification And Gas Chromatography With Electron-Capture Detection. Journal of Chromatography A. 1217, 5043, 2010.
  • 17. BONDARENKO S., GAN J., HAVER D.L., KABASHIMA J.N. Persistence Of Selected Organophosphate And Carbamate Insecticides In Waters From a Coastal Watershed. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 23, 2649, 2004.
  • 18. AFFUL S., WUDZA J.A., OSAE S., TWUMASI, S.K. Assessment Of Synthetic Pyrethroids Residues In The Waters And Sediments From The Weija Lake In Ghana. 2013.
  • 19. FOSU- MENSAH B.Y., OKOFFO E.D., MENSAH M. Synthetic Pyrethroids Pesticide Residues in Soils and Drinking Water Sources from Cocoa Farms in Ghana. Environment and Pollution. 5, 60, 2016.
  • 20. FILLATRE Y., RONDEAU D., DAGUIN A., COMMUNAL P.Y. A Work-Flow For Multiclass Determination Of 256 Pesticides In Essential Oils By Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry Using Evaporation And Dilution Approaches: Application To Lavandin, Lemon And Cypress Essential Oils. Atlanta. 149, 178, 2016.
  • 21. SHOKRZADEH M., SAEEEDI SAREVI S. Measurement Of Residues Of Benomyl And Mancozeb Pesticides In Shrub And Nonshrub Cucumbers Sampled From Different Regions Of Mazandaran Province (Iran). Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry. 91, 627, 2009.
  • 22. RODRIGUEZ-MOZAZ S., RICART M., KOCK-SCHULMEYER M., GUASCH H., BONNINEAU C., PROIA L., DE ALDA M.L., SABATER S., BARCELO D. Pharmaceuticals And Pesticides In Reclaimed Water: Efficiency Assessment Of a Microfiltration–Reverse Osmosis (MF-RO) Pilot Plant. Journal Of Hazardous Materials. 282, 165, 2015.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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