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2012 | 21 | 6 |
Tytuł artykułu

Study of environmental risks at an old spoil dump field

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This environmental case study presents the results of a risk assessment at the deposit in Lubietova, Slovakia. The risks of heavy metals in the studied location are mainly influenced by acid mine drainage (AMD) and natural sorbents presented, i.e. clay minerals (illite, muscovite, smectite, kaolinite, and chlorite), which were identified by x-ray diffraction analysis and create a natural geochemical barrier against their release into ground and surface water. Calculations of the potential for AMD formation show the minimum risks of a dump field to the environment. Seasonal monitoring of ground and surface water contamination by heavy metals and by other inorganic anions (Cl¯, SO₄ ²⁻, NO₃¯, NO₂¯, PO₄ ³⁻) during March 2008-March 2010 proved the aforementioned facts. Content of Cu in drainage and surface water was increased at the Lubietova-Podlipa deposit. The connection with saturation of natural sorbents with copper also was verified by a study of their sorption properties. Utilization possibilities of natural bentonites and zeolites as sorbents for decreasing Cu content in drainage water were studied as well. Their efficiency was approximately 88- 98%. Content of As (As(III):As(V) is 1:5) was not regularly increased in the drainage and surface water in the Lubietova – Svatodusna valley deposit. Nevertheless, it requires regular monitoring.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
21
Numer
6
Opis fizyczny
p.1529-1538,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Faculty of Natural Sciences, Matej Bel University, Tajovskeho 40, 974 01 Banska Bystrica, Slovakia
autor
  • Faculty of Natural Sciences, Matej Bel University, Tajovského 40, 974 01 Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
autor
  • Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Technical University in Zvolen, T. G. Masaryka 24, 960 01 Zvolen, Slovakia
autor
  • Faculty of Natural Sciences, Matej Bel University, Tajovského 40, 974 01 Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
Bibliografia
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  • 10. ANDRÁŠ P., LICHÝ A., RUSKOVÁ J., MATÚŠKOVÁ L. Heavy metal sorption on clay minerals and risk of AMD formation at the Reiner and Podlipa DUMP-Fields at Ľubietova deposit (Slovakia). In: Carpatian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 4, (2), 133, 2009.
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  • 14. GARCÍA-SANCHEZ A., ALVAREZ-AYUSO E., RODRIGUEZ-MARTIN F. Sorption of As(V) by some oxyhydroxides and clay minerals. Application to its immobilization in two polluted mining soils. Clay Miner., 37, (1), 187, 2002.
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  • 18. FILELLA M., BELZILE N., CHEN Y.W. Antimony in the environment: a review focused on natural waters: II relevant solution chemistry. Earth Science Reviews, 59, (1-4), 265, 2002.
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  • 22. ŠUCHA V., ŠRODOŇ J., ZATKALÍKOVÁ V., FRANCŮ J. lllite-smectite like minerals, separation, identification, utilization. Mineralia Slovaca, 23, (3), 267, 1991 [In Slovak].
  • 23. United State Environmental Protection Agency: Acid mine drainage prediction. Technical Document EPA 530-R-94-036. NTIS PB94-201829. www.epa.gov.
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  • 25. BHATTACHARYYA K. G., GUPTA S. S. Kaolinite, montmorillonite and their modified derivatives as adsorbents for removal of Cu (II) from aqueous solution. Sep. Purif. Technol., 50, (3),388, 2006.
  • 26. SÝKOROVÁ M. Determination of toxic elements in natural water from the Ľubietova region. Diploma thesis. FPV UMB, Banska Bystrica, pp. 54, 2010 [In Slovak].
  • 27. BOROŠOVÁ D., NAGYOVÁ I., MELICHOVÁ Z. Evaluation of risks of arsenic and antimony surface and groundwater contamination at Ľubietova mining region. Chem. Listy, 104, 680, 2010.
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  • 29. MELICHOVÁ Z., BOROŠOVÁ D. The determination of copper and manganese concentration in surface water from around of old mining load Podlipa (Ľubietova). In: Earth in Trap? Analysis of Environmental Components, Scientific Conference, Zvolen, pp. 73, 2006.
  • 30. MLÁKA M. Continuous results of macrozoobentos research in a stream under the spoil heap of tailing in Ľubietova village. In Monitoring and evaluating of environment condition VII, Zvolen : TU, pp. 127-131, 2008 [In Slovak].
  • 31. LICHÝ A., ANDRÁŠ P., RUSKOVÁ J., MÉSZAROSOVÁ Z., LALINSKÁ B. Characteristics of ground and surface water quality in mining region Ľubietova village. Ground Water (Podzemna voda) XVI, (1), 20, 2010 [In Slovak].
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-8579c087-d743-4738-baa7-fa88f95fd214
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