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2013 | 53 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Evaluation of some Accessions of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranean L. Verdc) for Resistance to Bruchid Infestation, Based on Grain Source and Seed Coat Colour

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The relative susceptibility of different accessions of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean L. Verdc) to Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) was assessed in a laboratory trial in Nigeria. Treatments were comprised factorial combinations of four grain sources from Nigeria (Enugu, Anambra, Benue and Kogi state) and three predominantly contrasting seed coat colours (black, brown, and milky-colour) laid out in a completely randomized design (CRD). There were four replications of each treatment. Egg depositions by adult C. maculatus were affected by grain sources such that ovipositions on those sourced from the state of Anambra were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than those from other sources. Similarly, black coloured grains harboured more insects and eggs compared to other seed coat colours. Accesssions collected from Benue and/or those with a milky-coloured seed coat showed some levels of oviposition deterrence. However, the interaction of grain source and seed coat colour was not significant based on oviposition, adult emergence, and mortality counts. Grain sources and seed coat colour were, therefore, important traits to be considered while selecting ideotypes for resistance to C. maculatus.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
53
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.210-214,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nigeria, 410001 Nsukka, Nigeria
autor
  • Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nigeria, 410001 Nsukka, Nigeria
autor
  • Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nigeria, 410001 Nsukka, Nigeria
Bibliografia
  • Anyakoha M.W. 2010. New School Physics for Senior Secondary Schools. 3rd ed. Africana First Publishers Plc, Onitsha, Nigeria, 51pp.
  • Bandara K.A.N.P., Saxena R.C. 1995. A technique for handling and sexing Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) adults (Coleopterabruchidae). J. Stored Prod. Res. 31 (1): 97-100.
  • Dasbak M.A., Echezona B.C., Asiegbu J.E. 2008. Pigeon pea grain physical characteristics and resistance to attack by bruchid storage pest. Int. Agrophysics 23: 19-26.
  • Echezona B.C., Offordile J.I. 2011. Responses of flea beetles (Podagrica spp.) and okra plants (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) to differently coloured polyethylene shades. Int. J. Pest Manage. 57 (2): 161-168.
  • Eddie P.A., Amatobi C.I. 2003.Seed coat has no value in protecting cowpea seed against attack by Callosobruchus maculatus (F.). J. Stored Prod. Res. 39 (1): 1-10.
  • GenStat. 2003. GenStat 5.0 Release 4.23 DE. Discovery Edition, Lawes Agricultural Trust, Rottamsted Experimental Station, UK.
  • Ijarotimi O.S., Olapade A.J. 2009. Determination of amino acid content and protein quality of complementary food produced from locally available food materials in Ondo state, Nigeria. Mal. J. Nutr. 15 (1): 87-95.
  • James M.S. 2003. Manual of Horticultural Science. Departmental Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville FL. 32611 pp.
  • Lattanzia V., Terzano R., Cicco N., Cardinali A., Di Venere D., Linsalata V. 2005. Seed coat tannins and bruchid resistance in stored cowpea seeds. J. Sci. Food Agric. 85 (5): 839-846.
  • Linnemann A.R. 1988. Cultivation of Bambara groundnut in northern Nigeria. Trop. Crops Comm. 15: 1-14.
  • Mkandawire C.H. 2006. A monograph of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean L. Verdc); an underutilized crop in Malawi. 3rd Bunda College Dissemination Conference Proceedings. Bunda College of Agriculture, Lilongwe, Malawi, 43 pp.
  • Ocran V.K, Delimini L.L., Asuboah R.A., Asiedu E.A. 1998. Seed Management Manual for Ghana. Publication of Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Accra Ghana.
  • Orzolek M.D., Murphy J.H. 1993. The effects of coloured polythene mulch on yield squash and pepper. p. 157-161. In: Proc. 24th National Agric. Plastics Congr., Overland Park, Kansas, June 4- June 8, 1993, 633 pp.
  • Southgate B.J., Howe R.W., Brett G.A. 1957. The specific status of Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) and Callosobruchus analis (F.). Bull. Entomol. Res. 48 (1): 79-89.
  • Uguru M.I., Baiyeri K.P., Aba S.C. 2011. Indicators of climate change in the derived savannah Niche of Nsukka, South- Eastern Nigeria. Agro-Science 10 (2): 1-10.
  • Vacha M., Puzova T., Drstkov A. 2008. Effect of light wavelength spectrum on magnetic compass orientation in Tenebrio molitor. J. Comp. Physiol. 194: 853-859.
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Bibliografia
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