Użytkowanie ziemi w oazie Farafra
Treść / Zawartość
Land utilization at Qasr El-Farafra
All the cultivated land in Farafra oasis consists of old, traditionally cultivated arcas and the newly reclaimed ones. According to the official sources, the new ones occupy the arera three times as large as the old lands. The irrigation works undertaken by the government tend to enlarge the land for cultivation. The principal productive area is a fruit-tree grave (about 80 ha) semicircling the settlement on the western side. The general paltern of land utilization and the ensuing relationships at Qasr el-Farafra is difficult to find out. The abundance of water supplied by two wells and distributed by the system of canals into the fields makes the localization of the parcels (i.e. the distance from the source) not significant. Also the relative level of salinity of the water, changing according to the distance from the source, is of no graet importance, too. Generally, smaller parcels are situated in the surroundings of the old well, on the ground cultivated for ages. It results from the multiple division of the grounds by rights and succcssion. The largest are the new fields on the outskirts. In the central part cultivation of plants has a more monocultoral charactrer that in the exterior, especially on the outskirts, where on the soil with low salinity level experimental farming without the use of fertilizers takes place. Newly reclaimed fields have not been included yet into the traditional system of land ownership and utilization. They can be purchased also by newcomers. Such a situation leads sometimes to conflict with the local population, and influences the acreage and number of parcels that constitute a farm. The average farm (a unit of a joint production and common consumption of its yields) cultivated by a multi-generation family consists of 1, 2 or 3 fields destined for market output with probable differentation of dominant plants e.g. date palms or olive trees, and 1 or 2 parcels planted with vegetable-grain-fruit palnts. The farm's holding is supplemented by some domestic animals such as sheep, goats, donkeys, or a camel.
- Fakhry A. 1973, 1974. The Oasis of Egypt, The American University in Cairo.
- Ramly I.M., el. 1964, The Use of Fissured Limestone in Locating Groung Water Resources and its Application to Farafra Oasis, Arab Mining and Petroleum Association Bulletin, vol. XIX, Cairo. The Vanising Past Time; Socio-Economic and Geographic Studies in Farafra Oasis (Egypt) in 1992. Warszawa 1995.