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2019 | 28 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Digestive physiology, resting metabolism and methane production of captive Indian crested porcupine (Hystrix indica)

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Limited physiological measurements exist for the digestive physiology of porcupines. We measured CH4 emission in three captive Indian crested porcupines (Hystrix indica; 16.1 ± 2.7 kg) fed a diet of pelleted lucerne, and measured feed intake, digestibility, and digesta mean retention time (MRT) of a solute and three particle markers (<2, 10 and 20 mm). Marker excretion patterns suggested secondary peaks indicative of caecotrophy, with MRTs of 26.4 h for the solute and 31.5, 26.8 and 26.2 h for the three particle markers, respectively. At a dry matter intake of 58 ±10 g/kg body mass0.75/day, porcupines digested 49 and 35% organic matter and neutral detergent fibre, respectively, which is in the lower range of that expected for horses on a similar diet. The respiratory quotient (CO2 /O2) was 0.91, the resting metabolic rate 274 kJ/kg body mass0.75/day, and CH4 emissions averaged at 8.16 l/day and 17.9 l/kg dry matter intake. Accordingly, CH4 yield was so high that it resembled that of a hypothetical ruminant of this body mass. The results are in accord with general understanding of hystricomorph rodent digestive physiology, and support recent findings that CH4 production may be more prominent in rodents than previously thought.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
28
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.69-77,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr.260, 15 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
autor
  • Naturschutz-Tierpark Gorlitz, Zittauerstrasse 43, D-02826 Gorlitz, Germany
autor
  • Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr.260, 15 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
autor
  • Leibniz Instiute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (IZW) Berlin, Alfred-Kowalke Str.17, 10315 Berlin, Germany
autor
  • Department of Animal Breeding, Faculty of Animal Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS) – SGGW, Ciszewskiego 8, 02-786 Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Institute of Agricultural Sciences, ETH Zurich, Universitatsstr.2, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
autor
  • Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr.260, 15 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Bibliografia
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  • Schwarm A., Ortmann S., Wolf C., Clauss M., 2009. No distinct difference in the excretion of large particles of varying size in a wild ruminant, the banteng (Bos javanicus). Eur. J. Wildl. Res. 55, 531–533, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-009-0277-0
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  • Thielemans M.-F., François E., Bodart C., Thewis A., 1978. Gastrointestinal transit in the pig:measurement using radioactive lanthanides and comparison with sheep (in French: Mesure du transit gastrointestinal chez le porc a l‘aide des radiolanthanides. Comparaison avec le mouton.) Ann. Biol. Anim. Biochim. Biophys. 18, 237–247, https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00897286
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  • van Jaarsveld A.S., Knight-Eloff A.K., 1984. Digestion in the porcupine Hystrix africaeaustralis. S. Afr. J. Zool. 19, 109–112, https://doi.org/10.1080/02541858.1984.11447867
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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