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2014 | 13 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Larvicidal effect of some plant extracts on the pine processionary moth, Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis and Schiffermuller) in laboratory conditions

Warianty tytułu
PL
Larwobójczy wpływ niektórych wyciągów roślinnych na Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis and Schiffermuller) w warunkach laboratoryjnych
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The pine processionary moth, Taumetopoea pityocampa (Denis and Schiffermüller) is one of the most widespread defoliator insects found in the forest areas of Turkey. Although different methods have been used to control this major forest pest up to now, the problem is still going on largely unsolved in the forest areas of Turkey. The objective of this study was to determine larvicidal effects of extracts obtained from six different plant species, Achillea wilhelmsii C. Koch, Nepeta meyeri Benth., Satureja hortensis L., Origanum onites L., O. rotundifolium Boiss., Tanacetum argyrophyllum (C. Koch) and on the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th instar larvae of T. pityocampa in laboratory conditions.Test the toxicity of six plant extracts against to the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th instar larvae of T. pityocampa, 10 larvae of this insect with 15 gr amounts fresh needles (1 year old) of Pinus brutia were placed to Petri dishes (9 × 1.5 cm deep). Each dose was dissolved in acetone and 0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg of the plant extracts found in 1 ml solution were sprayed on the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th instar larvae of T. pityocampa in the Petri dishes, corresponding to 2.08, 4.16 and 8.33 mg·l -1 air concentrations. Petri dishes were covered with a lid. All tests carried out at 26ºC (±2), 60% (±5) relative humidity and 14/10 h light/dark photoperiod in laboratory conditions. When exposure, mortality of the larvae was after the determined at 24, 48 and 96 h. Petri dish applied with sterile water and acetone were used as control group. All the tests were made in triplicate. The results showed that six plant exracts have a larvicidal effect on the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th instar larvae of T. pityocampa in comparison with controls. Therefore, these naturally occurring plant extracts could be useful for managing the larvae populations of T. pityocampa.
PL
Korowódka pniówka Taumetopoea pityocampa (Denis i Schiffermüller) jest jednym z najbardziej rozpowszechnionych insektów, które niszczą igły drzew w leśnych rejonach Turcji. Chociaż stosowano różne metody zwalczania tego szkodnika lasów, to problem jest wciąż w znacznej mierze nierozwiązany. Celem niniejszego badania jest określenie larwobójczego wpływu wyciągów otrzymanych z sześciu różnych gatunków roślin, mianowicie Achillea wilhelmsii C. Koch, Nepeta meyeri Benth., Satureja hortensis L., Origanum onites L., O. rotundifolium Boiss., Tanacetum argyrophyllum (C. Koch) na 2., 3. i 4. stadium larw T. pityocampa w warunkach laboratoryjnych. Przetestowano toksyczność sześciu wyciągów roślinnych wobec 2., 3. i 4. stadium larwalnego T. pityocampa. Zastosowano 10 larw tego owada z 15 g świeżych (rocznych) igieł Pinus brutia umieszczonych na szalkach Petriego (głębokości 9 × 1,5 cm). Każdą dawkę rozpuszczono w acetonie. 0,25, 0,5 oraz 1 mg wyciągów roślinnych w 1 ml roztworu rozpylono na 2., 3., oraz 4. stadium larwalnym T. pityocampa na szalkach Petriego, co odpowiada 2,08, 4,16 i 8,33 mg·l -1 stężeń w powietrzu. Szalki przykryto pokrywką. Wszystkie testy przeprowadzono w temperaturze 26ºC (±2), przy wilgotności względnej 60% (±5) oraz przy 14/10 godz. fotoperiodzie światła dziennego/zaciemnienia. Śmiertelność larw określono po 24, 48 oraz 96 godzinach. Szalki Petriego ze sterylną wodą i acetonem były użyte jako kontrola. Wszystkie testy wykonano trzykrotnie. Wykazano, że sześć wyciągów roślinnych ma wpływ larwobójczy na 2., 3., oraz 4. stadium larwalne T. pityocampa w porównaniu z kontrolą. Te naturalnie występujące wyciągi roślinne mogą być użyteczne w zwalczaniu populacji larw.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
5
Opis fizyczny
p.145-162,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Turkey
autor
  • Faculty of Agriculture, Ataturk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
autor
  • Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Turkey
autor
  • Igdir University, Turkey
autor
  • Faculty of Agriculture, Ataturk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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