PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 60 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Ecomorphology of radii in Canidae: Application to fragmentary fossils from Plio-Pleistocene hominin assemblages

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Fragmentary long bone material from fossil Carnivora is rarely considered to support palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. Here, we use morphometry of the radius in extant carnivorans of the dog family (Canidae) to reconstruct the palaeobiology of extinct canids from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania (Bed I and II) and Koobi Fora, Kenya. We use radius mor-phometrics to predict adaptation to prey size and introduce a new method for quantifying canid habitat adaptations based on the geographic distributions of the extant species sampled. Linear Discriminant Function Analyses (DFA) and cluster neighbour-joining algorithms are employed to investigate radial morphometrics as described by 29 linear measurements. Results of our analyses suggest that a phylogenetic signal is present in radial morphometrics, even if it does not allow us to accurately discriminate among genera. A binary prey size categorisation of "small-medium" versus "large" prey can be more accurately predicted than a habitat categorisation scheme (Open, Mixed, Closed). The East African fossil specimens examined show morphometric affinities with the golden jackal (Canis aureus) and coyote (Canis latrans) and are likely attributable to the genus Canis. Fragmentary fossil specimens from Olduvai Gorge are predicted as habitat generalists (Open for Bed I and Mixed for Bed II) adapted for hunting small-medium prey, whereas the specimen from Koobi Fora was predicted as inhabiting mixed habitats and adapted for killing large prey. This study supports the inclusion of fossil Canidae in palaeoecological analyses attempting to clarify the palaeoenvironment of early hominin fossil sites.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
60
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.795-806,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Research Centre in Evolutionary Anthropology and Palaeoecology, School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool L3 3AF, U.K.
autor
  • Department of Archaeology and Natural History, School of History, Culture and Languages, ANU College of Asia and the Pacific, The Australian National University, ACT 0200, Australia
Bibliografia
  • Albrecht, G.H. 1992. Assessing the affinities of fossils using canonical vari-ates and generalized distances. Journal of Human Evolution 7: 49-69.
  • Arribas, A., Garrido, G., Viseras, C., Sorias, J.M., Pla, S., Solano, J.G., Garcés, M., Beamud, E., and Carrión, J.S. 2009. A Mammalian Lost World in Southwest Europe during the Late Pliocene. Plos One 4: e7127.
  • Barone, R. 1980. Trattato di Anatomia Comparata dei Mammiferi Domestici. Vol. 1. Osteologia. 690 pp. Edagricole, Bologna.
  • Bertram, J.E.A. and Biewener, A.A. 1990. Differential scaling of the long bones in the terrestrial Carnivora and other mammals. Journal of Morphology 204: 157-169.
  • Bishop, L.C. 1994. Pigs and the Ancestors: Hominids, Suids, and Environments During the Plio-Pleistocene of East Africa. 429 pp. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, New Haven.
  • Bishop, L.C. 1999. Suid paleoecology and habitat preferences at African Pliocene and Pleistocene hominid localities. In: T. Bromage and F. Schrenk (eds.), African Biogeography, Climate Change, and Human Evolution, 99-111. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Bishop, L.C., Plummer, T.W., Hertel, F., and Kovarovic, K. 2011. Paleo-environments of Laetoli, Tanzania as determined by antelope habitat preferences. In: T. Harrison (ed.), Paleontology and Geology of Laeto-li: Human Evolution in Context, 355-366. Springer, Germany.
  • Christiansen, P. and Wroe, S. 2007. Bite forces and evolutionary adaptations to feeding ecology in carnivores. Ecology 88: 347-358.
  • Creel, S. and Creel, N.M. 2002. The African WildDog: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. 360 pp. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • Davis, E.B. and Calede, J.J.-M. 2012. Extending the utility of artiodactyl postcrania for species-level identifications using multivariate morphometric analyses. Palaeontologia Electronica 15: 1A.
  • Davis, E.B. and McHorse, B.K. 2013. A method for improved identification of postcrania from mammalian fossil assemblages: multivariate discriminant function analysis of camelid astragali. Palaeontologia Electronica 16: 27A.
  • DeGusta, D. and Vrba, E.S. 2003. A method for inferring paleohabitats from the functional morphology of bovid astragali. Journal of Archaeological Science 30: 1009-1022.
  • DeGusta, D. and Vrba, E.S. 2005a. Methods for inferring paleohabitats from discrete traits of the bovid postcranial skeleton. Journal of Archaeological Science 32: 1115-1123.
  • DeGusta, D. and Vrba, E.S. 2005b. Methods for inferring paleohabitats from the functional morphology of bovid phalanges. Journal of Archaeological Science 32: 1099-1113.
  • Elton, S. 2001. Locomotor and habitat classification of cercopithecoid postcranial material from Sterkfontein Member 4, Bolt's Farm and Swartkrans Members 1 and 2, South Africa. Palaeontologia Africana 37: 115-126.
  • Elton, S. 2002. A reappraisal of the locomotion and habitat preference of Theropithecus oswaldi. Folia Primatologica 73: 252-280.
  • Ewer, R.F. 1973. The Carnivores. 504 pp. Cornell University Press, New York.
  • Fernández-Jalvo, Y., Denys, C., Andrews, P., William, T., Dauphin, Y., and Humphrey, L. 1998. Taphonomy and palaeoecology of Olduvai Bed-I (Pleistocene, Tanzania). Journal of Human Evolution 34: 137-172.
  • Garrido, G. and Arribas, A. 2008. Canis accitanus nov. sp., a new small dog (Canidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) from the Fonelas P-1 Plio-Pleis-tocene site (Guadix basin, Granada, Spain). Geobios 41: 751-761.
  • Gittleman, J.L. 1985. Carnivore body size: Ecological and taxonomic correlates. Oecologia 67: 540-554.
  • Grenyer, R., Orme, C.D.L., Jackson, S.F., Thomas, G.H., Davies, R.G., Davies, T.J., Jones, K.E., Olson, V.A., Ridgely, R.S., Rasmussen, P.G., Ding, T., Bennett, P.M., Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J., Gittleman, J.L., and Owens, I.P.F. 2006. Global distribution and conservation of rare and threatened vertebrates. Nature 444: 93-96.
  • Hair, J.F., Anderson, R.E., Tatham, R.L., and Black, W.C. 1998. Multivariate Data Analysis. Fifth edition. 768 pp. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.
  • Harris, M.A. and Steudel, K. 1997. Ecological correlates of hindlimb length in the Carnivora. Journal of Zoology (London) 241: 381-408.
  • Kappelman, J. 1988. Morphology and locomotor adaptations of the bovid femur in relation to habitat. Journal of Morphology 198: 119-130.
  • Kappelman, J., Plummer, T.W., Bishop, L.C., Duncan, A., and Appleton, S. 1997. Bovids as indicators of Plio-Pleistocene paleoenvironments of East Africa. Journal of Human Evolution 32: 95-129.
  • Klein, R.G., Franciscus, R.G., and Steele, T.E. 2010. Morphometric identification of bovid metapodials to genus and implications for taxon-free habitat reconstruction. Journal of Archaeological Science 37: 389-401.
  • Kovarovic, K. and Andrews, P. 2007. Bovid postcranial ecomorphological survey of the Laetoli paleoenvironment. Journal of Human Evolution 52: 663-680.
  • Kovarovic, K., Aiello, L.C., Cardini, A., and Lockwood, C.A. 2011. Discriminant function analyses in archaeology: are classification rates too good to be true? Journal of Archaeological Science 38: 3006-3018.
  • Kurtén, B. 1974. A history of coyote-like dogs (Canidae, Mammalia). Acta Zoologica Fennica 140: 1-38.
  • Lewis, M.E. 1997. Carnivoran paleoguilds of Africa: implications for hominid food procurement strategies. Journal of Human Evolution 32: 257-288.
  • Lewis, M.E. 2008. The femur of extinct bunodont otters in Africa (Carnivora, Mustelidae, Lutrinae). Comptes Rendu Palevol 7: 607-627.
  • Lewis, M.E. and Werdelin, L. 2007. Patterns of change in the Plio- Pleistocene carnivorans of eastern Africa. Implications for hominin evolution. In: R. Bobe, Z. Alemseged, and A.K. Behrensmeyer (eds.),Homi-nin Environments in the East African Pliocene: An Assessment of the FaunalEvidence, 77-105. Springer, Dordrecht.
  • Lindbadh-Toh, K., Wade, C.M., Mikkelsen, T.S., et al. 2005. Genome sequence, comparative analysis and haplotype structure of the domestic dog. Nature 438: 803-819.
  • Louys, J. 2014. The large terrestrial carnivore guild in Quaternary Southeast Asia. Quaternary Science Reviews 96: 86-97.
  • Louys, J., Meloro, C., Elton, S., Ditchfield, P., and Bishop, L. 2011. Mammal community structure correlates with arboreal heterogeneity in fau-nally and geographically diverse habitats: implications for community convergence. Global Ecology and Biogeography 20: 717-729.
  • Louys, J., Montanari, S., Plummer, T., Hertel, F., and Bishop, L.C. 2013. Evolutionary divergence and convergence in shape and size within African antelope proximal phalanges. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 20: 239-248.
  • Louys, J., Travouillon, K.J., Bassarova, M., and Tong, H. 2009. The use of protected natural areas in palaeoecological analyses: assumptions, limitations and application. Journal of Archaeological Science 36: 2274-2288.
  • Meachen-Samuels, J. and Van Valkenburgh, B. 2009. Forelimb indicators of prey-size preference in the Felidae. Journal of Morphology 270: 729-744.
  • Meloro, C. 2011a. Feeding habits of Plio-Pleistocene large carnivores as revealed by the mandibular geometry. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31: 428-446.
  • Meloro, C. 2011b. Locomotor adaptations in Plio-Pleistocene large carnivores from the Italian peninsula: Palaeoecological implications. Current Zoology 57: 269-283.
  • Meloro, C., Elton, S., Louys, J., Bishop, L.C., and Ditchfield, P. 2013. Cats in the forest: predicting habitat adaptations from humerus morphometry in extant and fossil Felidae (Carnivora). Paleobiology 39: 323-344.
  • Olson, D.M., Dinerstein, E., Wikramanayake, E.D., Burgess, N.D., Powell, G.V.N., Underwood, E.C., D'Amico, J.A., Itoua, I., Strand, H.E., Morrison, J.C., Loucks, C.J., Allnutt, T.F., Ricketts, T.H., Kura, Y., Lamoreux, J.F., Wettengel, W.W., Hedao, P,. and Kassem, K.R. 2001. Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a new map of life on Earth. BioScience 51: 933-938.
  • Perini, F.A., Russo, C.A.M., and Schrago, C.G. 2010. The evolution of South American endemic canids: a history of rapid diversification and morphological parallelism. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23: 311-322.
  • Plummer, T.W. and Bishop, L.C. 1994. Hominid palaeoecology at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania as indicated by antelope remains. Journal of Human Evolution 27: 47-75.
  • Plummer, T.W., Bishop, L.C., and Hertel, F. 2008. Habitat preference of extant African bovids based on astragalus morphology: operationaliz-ing ecomorphology for palaeoenvironmental reconstruction. Journal of Archaeological Science 35: 3016-3027.
  • Polly, P.D. 2010. Tiptoeing through the trophics: Geographic variation in carnivoran locomotor ecomorphology in relation to environment. In: A. Goswami and A. Friscia (eds.), Carnivoran Evolution: New Views on Phylogeny, Form, and Function, 374-401. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Reed, K.E. 1997. Early hominid evolution and ecological change through the African Plio-Pleistocene. Journal of Human Evolution 32: 289-322.
  • Rook, L. and Torre, D. 1996. The wolf-event in western Europe and the beginning of the Late Villafranchian. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte 1996 (8): 495-501.
  • Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffman, M., and Macdonald, D.W. 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. 430 pp. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group, Gland.
  • Suc, J.P., Bertini, A., Combourieu-Nebout, N., Filomena, D., Leroy, S., Russo-Ermolli, E., Zheng, Z., Bessais, E., and Ferrier, J. 1995. Structure of West Mediterranean vegetation and climate since 5.3 ma. Acta zoologica cracoviensia 38: 3-16.
  • Tedford, R.H., Taylor, B.E., and Wang, X. 1995. Phylogeny of the Caninae (Carnivora: Canidae): the living taxa. American Museum Novitates 3146: 1-37.
  • Tedford, R.H., Wang, X., and Taylor, B.E. 2009. Phylogenetic systematics of the North American fossil Caninae (Carnivora: Canidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 325: 1-218.
  • Turner, A. 1990. The evolution of the guild of larger terrestrial carnivores during the Plio-Pleistocene in Africa. Geobios 23: 349-368.
  • Van Valkenburgh, B. 1985. Locomotor diversity between past and present guilds of large predatory mammals. Paleobiology 11: 406-428.
  • Van Valkenburgh, B. 1987. Skeletal indicators of locomotor behaviour in living and extinct carnivores. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 7: 162-182.
  • Van Valkenburgh, B. 1999. Major patterns in the history of carnivorous mammals. Annual Review in Earth and Planetary Science 27: 463493.
  • Varela, S., Lobo, J.M., Rodriguez, J., and Batra, P. 2010. Were the Late Pleistocene climatic changes responsible for the disappearance of the European spotted hyena populations? Hindcasting a species geographic distribution across time. Quaternary Science Reviews 29: 2027-2035.
  • Varela, S., Rodriguez, J., and Lobo, J.M. 2009. Is current climatic equilibrium a guarantee for the transferability of distribution model predictions? A case study of the spotted hyaena. Journal of Biogeography 36: 1645-1655.
  • Walmsley, A., Elton, S., Louys, J., Bishop, L.C., and Meloro C. 2012. Humeral epiphyseal shape in the Felidae: the influence of phylogeny, allometry, and locomotion. Journal of Morphology 273: 1424-1438.
  • Werdelin, L. and Lewis, M.E. 2005. Plio-Pleistocene Carnivora of eastern Africa: species richness and turnover patterns. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 144: 121-144.
  • White, T.D., Stanley, H., Ambrose, S.H., Suwa, G., Su, D.F., DeGusta, D., Bernor, R.L., Boisserie, J.-R., Brunet, M., Delson, E., Frost, S., Garcia, N., Giaourtsakis, I.X., Haile-Selassie, Y., Howell, F.C., Lehmann, T., Likius, A., Pehlevan, C., Saegusa, H., Semprebon, G., Teaford, M., and Vrba, E. 2009. Macrovertebrate paleontology and the Pliocene habitat of Ardipithecus ramidus. Science 326: 87-93.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-76b91b07-c564-4bdb-b820-64b9fd86e372
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.