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2015 | 33 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Results of behavioural tests of horses are predictive of perceived safety in riders

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Behavioural problems and shyness are prevalent horse-related causes of accidents in equitation.The aim of the present study was to examine whether tests developed to measure the intensity of reaction to social separation and to novelty and suddenness can predict how riders perceive their safety when handling and riding a horse. Thirteen leisure horses were subjected to the battery of three fear tests, separation test and a test ride. The horses that were more fearful toward a novel surface were perceived to be less secure when handling. The horses showing fear in the startling object test were also perceived as less secure in both handling and riding. Unexpectedly, in the separation test, the more time the horse had remained a standing position, the more insecure when saddling, mounting, walking and trotting was scored. Similarly, a relaxed body posture with the head in a low position was predictive to a low security score by riders. I t may be supposed that the horses that are comfortable when isolated are self-reliant and independent in comparison to other horses, but probably also in other situations,which might make them difficult to be managed by humans.Behavioural tests could be predictive not only for equine personality traits, but also may be applied in the assessment of rider’s perceived safety. Thus, they may serve as tools to differentiate horses In terms of their suitability for leisure riders.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
33
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.373-382,ref.
Twórcy
  • Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Polish Academy of Sciences, Jastrzebiec, 05-552 Magdalenka, Poland
  • Department of University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego 5, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
autor
  • Department of University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego 5, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
autor
  • Department of University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego 5, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
autor
  • Department of University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego 5, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
Bibliografia
  • BLENDINGER W., 2002 – Wstęp do psychologii konia. JiK, Zbrosławice. (In Polish).
  • CHRISTENSEN J.W., 2007 – Fear in horses. Social influence, generalization and reactions to predator odour. PhD Thesis. Dept. Large Animal Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen and Dept. Animal Health, Welfare and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences,University of Aarhus.
  • FLENTJE R., 2008 – How reliable are standardized behaviour tests and are they valid in predicting the suitability for use in police horses? MSc Dissertation, in part fulfillment of the Modular Program in Research Methods, University of Liverpool.
  • GÓRECKA A., BAKUNIAK M., CHRUSZCZEWSKI MH., JEZIERSKI TA., 2007 – A note on the habituation to novelty in horses: handler effect. Animal Science Papers Reports 25, 3, 143-152.
  • GÓRECKA-BRUZDA A., JASTRZĘBSKA E., SOSNOWSKA Z., JAWORSKI Z., JEZIERSKI T., CHRUSZCZEWSKI M., 2011 – Reactivity to humans and fearfulness tests: Field validation In Polish Cold Blood Horses. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 133, 207– 215.
  • HAUSBERGER M., ROCHE H., HENRY S., VISSER E.K., 2008 – A review of the human-horse relationship. 2007. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 109: 1-24.
  • JAGGIN S., FURST A., HASSIG M., AUER J., 2005 – Kick injuries of veterinarians during examination and treatment of horses: a retrospective study in Switzerland. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde 47, 289-295.
  • JAGODZINSKI T, DEMURI GP., 2005 – Horse-related injuries in children: a review. Wisconsin Medical Journal 104, 50-54.
  • JASTRZĘBSKA E., GÓRECKA-BRUZDA A., JAWORSKI Z., WOLIŃSKA K., KOWALCZYK K., 2012 – Horse-related accidents in leisure riding in chosen Polish equestrian centres. Proceedings of the 8th International Equitation Science Conference “The Road Ahead”, Edinburgh, Great Britain,2012, pp. 98.
  • KEELING L.J., JONARE L., LANNEBORN L.M., 2009 – Investigating horse-human interaction:The effect of a nervous human. The Veterinary Journal 181, 70-71.
  • LANSADE L., BOUISSOU M-F., ERHARD H.W., 2008a – Fearfulness in horses: A temperament trait stable across time and situations. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 115, 182-200.
  • LANSADE L., BOUISSOU M-F., ERHARD H.W., 2008b – Reactivity to isolation and association with conspecifics: A temperament trait stable across time and situations. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 109, 355-373.
  • LANSADE, L., LECONTE, M., PICHARD, G., 2008c - Développement d’un outil de prediction du temperament et des aptitudes mentales du cheval aux différentes disciplines équestres. Les Haras Nationaux, 34eme journée d’étude, 28 février 2008, 1-12.
  • LANSADE L., PICHARD G., LECONTE M., 2008d -.Sensory sensitivities: components of horses’s temperament dimension. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 114, 543-553.
  • MOMOZAWA Y., TERADA M., SATO F., KIKUSUI T., TAKEUCHI Y., KUSUNOSE R., MORI Y.,2007 – Assessing Equine Anxiety-Related Parameters Using an Isolation Test In Combination with a Questionnaire Survey. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Science 69, 945-950.
  • MORRIS P.H., GALE A., HOWE S., 2002 – The factor structure of horse personality. Anthrozoös 15, 300-322.
  • SEAMAN S.C., DAVIDSON H.P.B., WARAN N.K., 2002 – How reliable is temperament assessment in the domestic horse (Equus caballus)? Applied Animal Behaviour Science 78,175-191.
  • SUWAŁA M., GÓRECKA-BRUZDA A., 2013 – Different Horse for different user? Survey on equine mental traits. Proceedings of the Joint East and West Central Europe ISAE Meeting 2013,“Behavioural Sings for Stress and Pain in Animals”, Skopje, Macedonia, pp. 14-15.
  • VISSER E.K., VAN REENEN C.G., HOPSTER H., SCHILDER M.H.B., KNAAP J.H.,BARNEVELD A., BLOKHUIS H.J., 2001 – Quantifying aspects of young horses’ temperament:consistency of behavioural variables. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 74, 241-258.
  • VISSER E.K., VAN REENEN C.G., RUNDGREN M., ZETTERQVIST M., MORGAN K.,BLOKHUIS H.J., 2003 – Responses of horses in behavioural tests correlate with temperament.Equine Veterinary Journal 35, 176-183.
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