Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2011 | 20 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Surface runoff as a factor determining trophic State of Midforest Lake

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
It is generally claimed that surface runoff in forested catchments is minimal and therefore nutrient fluxes via runoff are unimportant. However, significant catchment slope inclination may promote overland water flow and, therefore, surface runoff might be responsible for transferring important nutrient loads to the lake. It was found that surface runoff waters within the catchment of Piaseczno Małe Lake have low pH (4.7-5.6), brown colour (max. 240 mgPt・dm⁻³), and high concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (max. ca 100 mgC・dm⁻³) – a major component of humic acids. Moreover, considerably high concentrations of biogenic substances were noted. Compared to beech-growing areas, surface runoff from pine forests contained higher concentrations of organic carbon, but lower concentrations of biogenic substances – differences were statistically significant. Similar tendencies were observed in the laboratory experiment. Moreover, the release of chemical substances from forest litter was found to be rapid. The most significant increase in nitrogen and phosphorus ions concentration and water colour and a decrease of pH were observed after the first hour of the experiment. Fluctuations of the colour and pH of the lake water (with the most intense brown colour and the lowest pH of the lake water observed in the periods of the highest rainfall and surface runoffs) indicate a significant role of surface runoff in the determination of the dystrophic condition of Piaseczno Małe Lake.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Water Protection, A. Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
  • Department of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Medical Sciences, Długa 1/2, 61-848 Poznań, Poland
  • 1. JONES R. G., MURPHY J. M., NOGUER M. Simulation of climate change over Europe using a nested regional-climate model. I: Assessment of control climate, including sensitivity to location of lateral boundaries. Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 121:526, 1413, 2007.
  • 2. WOŚ A. The Wielkopolska Lowland climate., Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, Poznań, 192, 1994.
  • 3. STEINBERG C.E.W. Ecology of humic substances in freshwaters., Springer, Berlin, 440, 2003.
  • 4. HIROBE M., SABANG J., BHATTA B.K., TAKEDA H. Leaf-litter decomposition of 15 tree species in a lowland tropical rain forest in Sarawak: dynamics of carbon, nutrients, and organic constituents. J. For. Res. 9, 347, 2004.
  • 5. KAJAK Z. Lake eutrophication. Polskie Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warsaw, 1979.
  • 6. CORKE J., HAIRSINE P., FOGARTY P. Nutrient movement due to overland flow. Water Air Soil Pollut. 122, 17, 2000.
  • 7. VUORNENMAA J., REKOLAINEN S., LEPISTO A., KENTTAMIES K., KAUPILLA P. Losses of nitrogen and phosphorus from agricultural and forest areas in Finland during the 1980s and 1990s. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 76, 213, 2002.
  • 8. UUSI-KAMPPA J., YLARANTA T. Reduction of sediment, phosphorus and nitrogen transport on vegetated buffer strips. Agr. Sci Finland 1, 569, 1992.
  • 9. ASTROM M., AALTONEN E.K., KOIVUSAARI J. Changes in leaching patterns of nitrogen and phosphorus after artificial drainage of a boreal forest – a paired catchment study in Lappajarvi, Western Finland. Boreal Env. Res. 10, 67, 2004.
  • 10. CRONAN C.S., AIKEN G.R. Chemistry and transport of soluble humic substances in forested watersheds of Adirondack Park, New York. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 49, 1697, 1985.
  • 11. STROBEL B.W., HANSEN H.C.B., BORGGAARD O.K., ANDERSEN M.K, RAULUND-RASMUSSEN K. Composition and reactivity of DOC in forest floor soil solutions in relation to tree species and soil type. Biogeochemistry, 56, 1, 2001.
  • 12. SHARPLEY A.N., GBUREK W. J., FOLMAR G., PIONKE H.B. Sources of phosphorus exported from agricultural watershed in Pensylvania. Agric. Water Manage. 41, (2), 77, 1999.
  • 13. LILJANIEMI P., VUORI K.M., TOSSAVAINEN T., KOTANEN J., HAAPANEN M., LEPISTO A. Effectiveness of constructed overland flow areas in decreasing diffuse pollution from forest drainages. Environ. Manag. 32, (5), 602, 2003.
  • 14. POTE D.H., DANIEL T.C., SHARPLEY A.N., MOORE P.A., EDWARDS D.R., NICHOLS D.J. Relating extractable soil phosphorus to phosphorus loses in runoff. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 60, 855, 1996.
  • 15. IRFANULLAH H. M. On the role of forested catchment in acid lake limnology. Turkish Journal of Fishers and Aquatic Sciences 9, (2), 227, 2009.
  • 16. KLIMASZYK P. Peatbog – humic water complex in forest landscape: Factors determining its functioning. Pol. J.Environ. Stud. 15, 384, 2006.
  • 17. KLIMASZYK P., KRASKA M., PIOTROWICZ R., JONIAK T. Functioning of small water bodies of the Wielkopolski National Park (West Poland). Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol., 28, (4), 1735, 2002.
  • 18. BAJKIEWICZ–GRABOWSKA E. Natural degradation ability of lakes and the role of a drainage area in the process. Wiadom. Ekol. 33, 279, 1987.
  • 19. NIEMRYCZ E., TAYLOR R., MAKOWSKI Z. Endangere of fresh waters. Biblioteka Monitoringu Środowiska, Warsaw, 1993.
  • 20. SICKMAN J.O., LEYDECKER A., CHANG C.C.Y, KENDALL C., MELACK J. M.,LUCERO D. M., SCHIMEL J. Mechanisms underlying export of N from high-elevation catchments during seasonal transitions. Biogeochemistry, 64, 1, 2003.
  • 21. HONGVE D. Production of dissolved organic carbon in forested catchments. J. Hydrol. 224, 91, 1999.
  • 22. ZIELIŃSKI P., GORNIAK, A., CHOROSZEWSKA, K. Changes in water quality induced by the decomposition of plant detritus. Acta Hydrobiol. 41, 119, 1999.
  • 23. JONIAK T., KRASKA M. Contribution to the limnology of three dystrophic lakes of the Drawieński National Park, Northern Poland. Acta Hydrobiol. 41, 191, 1999.
  • 24. URBAN N.R., BAYLEY S.E., EISENREICH S.J. Export of dissolved organic carbon and acidity from peatlands. Water Resources Res. 25, (7), 1619, 1989.
  • 25. RORKE B.B. Soil erodibility and processes of water erosion on hillslope. Geomorphology 32, 385, 2000.
  • 26. MILLER W.W., JOHNSON D.W., DENTON C., VERBURG P.S.J., DANA G.L., WALKER R.F. Inconspicuous nutrient laden surface runoff from mature forest Sierran watersheds. Water Air Soil Pollut. 163, 3, 2005.
  • 27. LEWIS W.M., MELACK J.M., MCDOWELL W.H., MCCLAIN M., RICHNEY J.E. Nitrogen yields from undisturbed watersheds in the America. Biogeochemistry 46, 149, 1999.
  • 28. FITZHUGH R.D., DRISCOLL C.T., GROFFMAN P.M., TIERNEY G.L., FAHEY T.J., HARDY J.P. Effects of soil freezing disturbance on soil solution nitrogen, phosphorus, and carbon chemistry in a northern hardwood ecosystem. Biogeochemistry 56, 215, 2001.
  • 29. GRUNDITZ C., DALHAMMAR G. Development of nitrification inhibition assays using pure cultures of Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter. Water Res. 35, (2), 443, 2001.
  • 30. SWANK W.T., SCOTT-SWANK, W.T. Dynamics of water chemistry in hardwood and pine ecosystems. In: Catchment experiments in fluvial geomorphology (Eds T.P. Burt, D.E Walling), Geo Books. Norwich, pp. 335-346, 1984.
  • 31. WILPISZEWSKA I. Productivity and chemical valorization of mire vegetation in postglacial agricultural landscape. Ekologia Polska, 38, 3, 1990.
  • 32. MALKONEN E. Annual primary production and nutrient cycles in some Scots Pine stands. Commun. Inst. Forest Fen., 84, 1, 1975.
  • 33. PARK J., MATZNER E. Controls on the release of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen from a deciduous forest floor investigated by manipulations of aboveground litter inputs and water flux. Biogeochemistry, 66, 265, 2003
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.