Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2012 | 14 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Food habits and dietary overlap in a phyllostomid bat assemblage in the Pantanal of Brazil

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Multiple studies at a local scale on food items consumed by coexisting species are necessary to determine patterns of resource partitioning among phyllostomid bats. Here we report the food items consumed by 11 phyllostomid bats and the similarity among the diets of the six most abundant species in the Pantanal wetlands of Brazil. We identified food items from fecal samples collected from 347 bats captured between 2002 and 2007. Most individuals (76%) fed on fruits. Arthropods and pollen were present in 56% and 37% of the fecal samples, respectively. Fruits of Ficus species and Cecropia pachystachya were mainly consumed by Artibeus jamaicensis, Platyrrhinus lineatus and Glossophaga soricina, whereas Piper species were the main fruits consumed by Sturnira lilium and Carollia perspicillata. Bauhinia ungulata was the most common source of pollen consumed by ten bat species, including Chrotopterus auritus for which pollen consumption has never been described before. Lepidoptera occurred in higher frequencies than other arthropod orders among fecal samples, but Coleoptera was the most important order for the insectivorous Lophostoma silvicolum. Overall, phyllostomids in the Pantanal fed on a low diversity of fruit and pollen species, and representatives of arthropod orders, appearing to induce a more ‘omnivorous’ diet regarding food types (fruits, floral resources, and arthropods) with a high overlap of food sources.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ecologia e Conservacao, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, 79070-900 Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
  • Centro de Ciencias Biologicas e da Saude, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, 79070-900 Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
  • Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ecologia e Conservacao, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, 79070-900 Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
  • 1. L. F. Aguirre , A. Herrel , A. Van Damme , and E. Matthysen . 2003. The implications of food hardness for diet in bats. Functional Ecology, 17: 201–212. Google Scholar
  • 2. A. C. Araujo , and M. Sazima . 2003. The assemblage of flowers visited by hummingbirds in the ‘capões’ of southern Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Flora, 198: 427–435. Google Scholar
  • 3. D. P. Faith , P. R. Minghtn , and L. Belbin . 1987. Composition dissimilarity as a robust measure of ecological distance: a theoretical model and computer simulations. Vegetatio, 69: 57–58. Google Scholar
  • 4. E. Fischer 1992. Foraging of nectarivorous bats on Bauhinia ungulata. Biotropica, 24: 579–582. Google Scholar
  • 5. T. H. Fleming 1986. Opportunism versus specialization: the evolution of feeding strategy in frugivorous bats. Pp. 105–118, in Frugivores and seed dispersal ( A. Estrada and T. H. Fleming , eds.). Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht, xiii + 392 pp. Google Scholar
  • 6. P. W. Freeman 1988. Frugivorous and animalivorous bats (Microchiroptera): dental and cranial adaptations. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 33: 249–272. Google Scholar
  • 7. A. L. Gardner 1977. Feeding habits. Pp. 293–350, in Biology of bats of the New World family Phyllostomidae. Part II ( R. J. BAKER , J. K. Jones , and D. C. Carter , eds.). Texas Tech Press, Lubock, 462 pp. Google Scholar
  • 8. N. P. Giannini , and E. K. V. Kalko . 2004. Trophic structure in a large assemblage of Phyllostomid bats in Panama. Oikos, 105: 209–220. Google Scholar
  • 9. F. Gonçalves , R. Munin , P. Costa , and E. Fischer . 2007. Feeding habits of Noctilio albiventris (Noctilionidae) bats in the Pantanal, Brazil. Acta Chiropterologica, 9: 535–538. Google Scholar
  • 10. E. R Heithaus , T. H. Fleming , and P. A. Opler . 1975. Foraging patterns and resource utilization in seven species of bats in a seasonal tropical forest. Ecology, 56: 841–854. Google Scholar
  • 11. D. J. Howell , and D. Burch . 1974. Food habits of some Costa Rican bats. Revista de Biología Tropical, 21: 281–294. Google Scholar
  • 12. S. R. Humphrey , F. J. Bonnaccorso , and T. L. Zinn . 1983. Guild structure of surface-gleaning bats in Panama. Ecology, 64: 284–294. Google Scholar
  • 13. J. E. Lopez , and C. Vaughan . 2007. Food niche overlap among neotropical frugivorous bats in Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical, 55: 301–313. Google Scholar
  • 14. C. A. Mancina , F. Balseiro , and M. L. G. Herrera . 2005. Pollen digestion by nectarivorous and frugivorous Antillean bats. Mammalian Biology, 70: 282–290. Google Scholar
  • 15. B. J. Manly 1986. Multivariate statistical methods: a primer. Chapman and Hall, New York, 150 pp. Google Scholar
  • 16. J. S. Marinho-Filho 1991. The coexistence of two frugivorous bat species and the phenology of their food plants in Brazil. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 7: 59–67. Google Scholar
  • 17. M. A. R. Mello , G. Schittini , P. Selig , and H. G. Bergallo . 2004. Seasonal variation in the diet of the bat Carollia perspicillata (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in an Atlantic forest area in southeastern Brazil. Mammalia, 68: 49–55. Google Scholar
  • 18. N. Muchhala , and P. Jarrín-V . 2002. Flower visitation by bats in cloud forests of western Ecuador. Biotropica, 34: 387–395. Google Scholar
  • 19. M. F. Muller , and N. R. Reis . 1992. Partição de recursos alimentares entre quatro espécies de morcegos frugívoros (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 9: 345–355. Google Scholar
  • 20. R. L. Munin , P. C. Costa , and E. Fischer . 2011. Differential ingestion of fig seeds by a Neotropical bat, Platyrrhinus lineatus. Mammalian Biology, 76: 772–774. Google Scholar
  • 21. F. C. Passos , W. R. Silva , W. A. Pedro , and M. R. Bonin . 2003. Frugivoria em morcegos (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae) no Parque Estadual Intervales, sudeste do Brasil. Revista Brasileira Zoologia, 20: 511–517. Google Scholar
  • 22. B. D. Patterson , M. R. Willig , and R. D. Stevens . 2003. Trophic strategies, niche partitioning, and patterns of ecological organization. Pp. 536–579, in Bat ecology ( T. H. Kunz and M. B. Fenton , eds.). University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 798 pp. Google Scholar
  • 23. A. Pott , and V. J. Pott . 1994. Plantas do Pantanal. Embrapa, Corumbá, Brazil, 320 pp. Google Scholar
  • 24. J. Ragusa-Netto 2004. Flowers, fruits, and the abundance of the yellow- chevroned parakeet (Brotogeris chiriri) at a gallery forest in the south Pantanal, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 64: 867–877. Google Scholar
  • 25. A. Ruschi 1953. Algumas observações sobre alimentação dos quirópteros Phyllostomus hastatus hastatus (Pallas), Molossus rufus E. Geoffroy, Chrotopterus auritus australis (Thomas), Noctilio leporinus leporinus (Linnaeus). Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão, 14: 1–5. Google Scholar
  • 26. A. G. Silva , O. Gaona , and R. A. Medellín . 2008. Diet and trophic structure in a community of fruit-eating bats in Lacandon forest, Mexico. Journal of Mammalogy, 89: 43–49. Google Scholar
  • 27. N. B. Simmons 2005. Order Chiroptera. Pp. 312–529, in Mammal species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference ( D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder , eds.). The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, iii + 2142 pp. Google Scholar
  • 28. R. C. Tetxeira , C. E. Corrêa , and E. Fischer . 2009. Frugivory by Artibeus jamaicensis (Phyllostomidae) bats in the Pantanal, Brazil. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 44:7–15. Google Scholar
  • 29. M. Tschapka 2004. Energy density patterns of nectar resources mediate coexistence within a guild of Neotropical flower-visiting bats. Journal of Zoology (London), 263: 7–21. Google Scholar
  • 30. W. Uieda , T. M. Sato , M. C. Carvalho , and V. Bonato . 2007. Fruits as unusual food items of the carnivorous bat Chrotopterus auritus (Mammalia, Phyllostomidae) from southeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira Zoologia, 24: 844–847. Google Scholar
  • 31. L. D. Vizotto , and V. A. Taddei . 1973. Chave para determinação de quirópteros brasileiros. Revista da Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de São José do Rio Preto, Boletim de Ciências, 1: 1–72. Google Scholar
  • 32. M. Weinbeer , and E. K. V. Kalko . 2007. Ecological niche and phylogeny: the highly complex echolocation behavior of the trawling long-legged bat Macrophyllum macrophyllum. Behaviour Ecology and Sociobiology, 61: 1337–1348. Google Scholar
  • 33. M. C. Wendeln , J. R. Runkle , and E. K. V. Kalko . 2000. Nutritional values of 14 fig species and bat feeding preferences in Panama. Biotropica, 32: 489–501. Google Scholar
  • 34. J. O. Whitaker Jr . 1988. Food habits analysis of insectivorous bats. Pp. 171–189, in Ecological and behavioral methods for the study of bats ( T. H. Kunz , ed.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 533 pp. Google Scholar
  • 35. M. R. Willig , G. R. Camilo , and S. J. Nobile . 1993. Dietary overlap in frugivorous and insectivorous bats from edaphic cerrado habitats of Brazil. Journal of Mammalogy, 74: 117–128. Google Scholar
  • 36. H. A. York , and S. A. Billings . 2009. Stable-isotope analysis of diets of short-tailed fruit bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae: Carollia). Journal of Mammalogy, 90: 1469–1477. Google Scholar
  • 37. M. Zortéa 2003. Reproductive patterns and feeding habits of three nectarivorous bats (Phyllostomidae: Glossophaginae) from the Brazilian cerrado. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 63: 159–168. Google Scholar
Rekord w opracowaniu
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.