PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2012 | 21 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Enzymatic activity of urease and dehydrogenase in soil fertilized with GWDA compost with or without a PRP SOL addition

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In a two-year field experiment (2008-09), the effect of increasing doses of compost produced from municipal sewage sludge with or without the addition of active substance PRP®SOL (PRP Technologies, France) on urease and dehydrogenase activities during cultivation of winter wheat and spring rapeseed was studied. The experimental design included a control treatment with standard mineral fertilization and three levels of organic fertilization. The used compost doses were equivalent to 100, 200, and 300 kg N∙ha⁻¹. Organic fertilization was carried out on 28 September 2007. In 2008 and 2009 the whole experimental area was fertilized with active substance PRP SOL at a 150 kg∙ha⁻¹ dose and multicomponent fertilize Polifoska 6 at a 200 kg∙ha⁻¹ dose. Due to the low nitrogen content in Polifoska 6 (6% N), urea top-dressing for winter wheat and spring rape-seed was applied at a dose of 100 kg N∙ha⁻¹ in two times periods. Soil samples for chemical analyses were collected from the arable layer (0-25 cm) under winter wheat four times: April, May, and July (soil sampling times I to III), and after its harvest at the end of August 2008 (sampling time IV). In spring 2009, spring rapeseed was sown in the same field, and soil samples for analyses were collected in the same times I to III (April, May, and July), while soil sampling time IV following the rapeseed harvest fell at the beginning of August 2009. It was found that fertilization with a triple dose of compost with a PRP SOL addition increased the soil pHKCl value as compared to control soils. Higher organic carbon (OC), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) contents were found in the soils collected from experimental plots being fertilized with a double and a triple dose of municipal sewage sludge compost with a PRP SOL addition. Significant increase in urease activity was found between soil sampling times I and IV (specify the treatment here). The applied fertilization with single and a triple doses on compost with or without PRP SOL increased the urease activity on average by 30.4 between soil sampling times I and IV. The largest increase in dehydrogenase activity was observed between soil sampling times I and III and in control objects. The applied fertilization with a triple dose of compost with or without PRP SOL increased the dehydrogenase activity on average by 18.65% between soil sampling times I and III. The applied organic fertilization together with active substance PRP SOL stimulated the enzymatic activity of urease and dehydrogenase in all cases.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
21
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.949-955,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Land Reclamation and Environmental Chemistry, Western Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Slowackiego 17, 71-434 Szczecin, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. BARAN S. Resources and organie waste management in Poland. Selected aspects of the management of organic waste and biomass production of energy willow. Wydaw. URzeszow., Rzeszów, pp. 17-40, 2005.
  • 2. KRZYWY E., ZUBER B., KAŹMIERCZAK A. Effect of fertilization on the substance PRP soil fertility and productivity. Riazanskij Gosudorstwiennyj Medicinskij Uniwersytet, pp. 108-114, 2005.
  • 3. WOŁOSZYK C. Agrochemical evaluation of fertilization with composts of municipal sewage sludge and industrial waste. Habilitation dissertation 217. Wyd. AR w Szczecinie, 120, 2003.
  • 4. CIEŚLA W., KOPER J. Effect of multiple mineral-organic fertilization on the formation of the level of available phosphorus and organic and enzymatic activity of soil. Rocz. Gleboz. 41, 73, 1990.
  • 5. DICK R.P. A review: long-term effect of agricultural system on soil biochemical and microbil parameters. Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 40, (1-4), 25, 1992.
  • 6. MENCH M., RENELLA G., GELSOMINO A., LANDI L., NANNIPIERI P. Biochemical parameters and bacterial species richness in soils contaminated by sludge - borne metals and remediated with inorganic soil amendments. Environ. Pollut. 144, 24, 2006.
  • 7. KUCHARSKI J., WŁDOWSKA E. Biochemical effects of long-term fertilization with slurry. Zesz. Prol. Post. Nauk Rol. 476, 196, 2001.
  • 8. WYSZKOWSKA J., KUCHARSKI J. Fertilization with straw and sawdust as a factor in the leveling effects of soil contamination with cadmium to microorganisms Zesz. Prol. Post. Nauk Rol. 506, 557, 2005.
  • 9. ZANTUA M.I., BREMNER J.M. Comparison of methods of assaying urease activity in soils. Soil Biol. Biochem. 7, 291,1975.
  • 10. BIELIŃSKA E.J., ŻUKOWSKA G. Protease and urease activity in light soil fertilized with sewage sludge. Acta Agrophysica 70,41,2002.
  • 11. BIELIŃSKA E.J., BARAN S., DOMŻAŁ H. The use of indicators to assess the effects of enzymatic annual agrotechnical improve the properties of light soil. Folia Univ. Agrie. Stetin. Ser. Agriculturae 211, (84), 35, 2000.
  • 12. RENELLA G., LANDI L., VALORI F., NANNIPIERI P. Microbial and hdrolase activity after reíase of low molecular weght organic compounds by a model root surface in a clayey and a sand soil. Appl. Soil Ecol. 36, 124, 2007.
  • 13. NORTCLIFF S. Standarisation of soil quality attributes. Agrie. Ekosys. Environ. 88, 161, 2002.
  • 14. TRASAR-CEPEDA C., LEIROS M.C., GIL-SOTRES F. Hydrolytic enzyme activities in agricultural and forest soils. Some implications for their use a indicators of soil quality. Soil Biol. Biochem. 40, 2146, 2008.
  • 15. YANG L., LI T., LI F., LEMCOFF J.H., COHEN S. Fertilization regulates soil enzymatic activity and ferility dynamics in cucumber field. Sei. Hortic. 116, 21, 2008.
  • 16. RENELLA G., CHAUDRI A.M., FALLOON C.M., LANDI L., NANNIPIERI P., BROOKES PC. Effects of Cd, Zn, or both on soil microbial biomass and activity in a clay loam soil. Biol. Fert. Soils 43, 751, 2007.
  • 17. DAR G.H. Effects of cadmium and sewage- sludge on soil microbial biomass and enzyme activities. Biores. Technol. 56, 141,1996.
  • 18. SAHA S„ PRAKASH V., KUNDU S., KUMAR N., MINA B.L. Soil enzymatic activity as affected by lond term application of farm yard manure and mineral fertilizer under a rainfed soyebeanwheat system in N-W Himalaya. Europ. J. Soil Biol. 44, 309, 2008.
  • 19. ZHAO Y., WANG P., LI J., CHEN Y., YING X., LIU S. The effect of two organic manures on soil properties and crop yields on a temperate calcareous soil under a wheat-maize cropping system. Europ. J. Agron. 2009.
  • 20. VENKATESAN S., SENTHURPANDIAN V.K. Comparision od enzyme activity with depth under tee plantations and forested sites in south India. Geoderma 137, 212, 2006.
  • 21. KRZYWY-GAWROŃSKA E. The study on the influence of the compost from the municipal sewage sludge and used against of them of active substance of PRP Sol on the fertility and productivity of the soil. Wyd. ZUT w Szczecinie pp. 96, 2009.
  • 22. Official Journal of Laws No. 119, item 765, 2008.
  • 23. THALMANN Methodology for determination of dehydrogenase activity in particular by means of ground. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC). Agricultural Machines. 21, 249, 1968 [In German],
  • 24. TABATABAI M.A., BREMNER J.M. Use of p-nitrophenyl phosphate for assay of soil phosphatase activity. Soil Biol. Biochem. 1, 301,1969.
  • 25. GIANFREDA L., RUGGIERO P. Enzyme activities in soil. W. P. Nannipieri, K. Smalla (Ed.): Soil biology. Nucleic acids and proteins in soil. Springer-Verlang 8, 257, 2006.
  • 26. JANUSZEK K. Seasonal changes of enzyme activity in mor, moder and mull humus of selected forest soils in the Western Beskid Mountains. Fol. For. Pol. 3, 59,1993.
  • 27. KIELISZEWSKA-ROKICKA B. Soil enzymes and their importance in studies of soil microbial activity. W. H. Dahm. A. Pokojska-Brawl (Ed.). Microorganisms of the soil environment. Toruń: pp. 37-47, 2001.
  • 28. GILEWSKA M. Biological Reclamation of land ash landfills ZEPAK SA Materials X Jubilee International Conf. "Ashes of energy" pp. 331-342, 2006.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-72691f62-50f1-45bb-83d9-d1da79513dce
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.