Ludność rolnicza w województwie suwalskim. Stan aktualny i tendencje zmian
Treść / Zawartość
Agricultural population in the Suwalki Province. Present state and tendencies of changes
The changes that take place in the structure of agricultural population according to the maintenance sources, lie in the fact that people leave work in agriculture for non-agricultural professions. The result of this process is a decrease of the percentage of agricultural population. This is a process of economic urbanization, whose speed is different in individual regions and historic periods as it depends on the following: birth-rate of the professionaly active population in towns and in the country, proportion between the development rate of industry and agriculture, labour demand of the production techniques in agriculture, the character of technology progress in industry, and many other factors like e.g. the obtained level of economy. The process of the economic urbanization of the country has been slower in the Suwałki Province so far than in whole Poland. This was caused by the dominant role of agriculture, however, not very well provided with means of production and low level of urbanization and industrialization. According the forecast of the agricultural population in the communes of the province, made by means of Markov chains model, the percentage of this population will decrease from 74.5% in 1975 to 67.4% in 1980 and to 63.7% in 1990 which should be considered to be moderate speed. The average decrease of the percentage of the agricultural population in the years 1980-1990 will be 4.1%, at the same time in the typically agricultural communes, like those situated in the north - east part of the province, it will be lower even than 0.8%, whereas in the communes with well developed recreative function and forest e.g. in the western part of the province, it will be higher even than 8.2%.