Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2012 | 68 | 08 |

Tytuł artykułu

Nietrzymanie moczu oraz stopochodna postawa jako dominujące objawy wodogłowia u pięciomiesięcznego kota rasy burmskiej - opis przypadku

Warianty tytułu

Incontinence and plantigrade posture as leading symptoms of hydrocephalus in 5-month-old Burmese cat. Case report

Języki publikacji



Hydrocephalus is an anomaly caused by an excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricular system of the brain and/or subarachnoid space. It leads to neurological disorders in humans and animals. Prenatal injuries, such as viral infections or drug intoxications, may cause congenital hydrocephalus in cats. Moreover, a dry form of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), toxoplasmosis or some brain neoplasms (e.g. ependymoma) may lead to the development of acquired hydrocephalus in cats. In this report the authors describe a case of a 5-month-old Burmese cat with incontinence and a plantigrade posture as leading symptoms of acquired hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus was diagnosed using the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique. Moreover, inflammatory foci were detected in the medulla oblongata, whereas a cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed lymphocytic pleocytosis and an increased protein concentration. These clinicopathological findings are typical of the neurological form of the dry FIP. The cat was euthanized because the hydrocephalus was inflammatory and its cause was most probably infectious. This case report shows the practical use of MRI in veterinary practice.








Opis fizyczny



  • Centrum Zdrowia Małych Zwierząt Multiwet, ul.Gagarina5, 00-753 Warszawa


  • 1.Addie D. D., Jarrett O.: Feline Coronavirus Infections, [w:] Greene C. E.: Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri 2006, 88-102.
  • 2.Coates J. R., Axlund T. W., Dewey C. W., Smith J.: Hydrocephalus in Dogs and Cats. Compend. Contin. Educ. Vet. 2006, 28, 136-146.
  • 3.Deforest M. E., Basrur P. K.: Malformations and the Manx Syndrome in Cats. Can. Vet. J. 1979, 20, 304-314.
  • 4.Diaz J. V., Poma R.: Diagnosis and clinical signs of feline infectious peritonitis in the central nervous system. Can. Vet. J. 2009, 50, 1091-1093.
  • 5.Filippich L. J.: The incontinent cat, [w:] Rand J.: Problem-based Feline Medicine. Saunders Elsevier, Edinburgh 2006, 193-204.
  • 6.Foley J. E., Lapointe J.-M., Koblik P., Poland A., Pedersen N. C.: Diagnostic Features of Clinical Neurologic Feline Infectious Peritonitis. J. Vet. Intern. Med. 1998, 12, 415-423.
  • 7.Gaskell C. J.: The lower urinary tract, [w:] Chandler E. A., Gaskell C. J., Gaskell R. M.: Feline Medicine and Therapeutics. Blackwell Publishing, BSAVA, 3rd ed., Oxford 2004, 313-324.
  • 8.Goodson T. L., Randell S. C., Moore L. E.: Feline Infectious Peritonitis. Compend. Contin. Educ. Vet. 2009, 31, E1-E9.
  • 9.Hermes G., Ajioka J. W., Kelly K. A., Mui E., Roberts F., Kasza K., Mayr T., Kirisits M. J., Wollmann R., Ferguson D. J. P., Roberts C. W., Hwang J.-H, Trendler T., Kennan R. P., Suzuki Y., Reardon C., Hickey W. F., Chen L., McLeod R.: Neurological and behavioral abnormalities, ventricular dilatation, altered cellular functions, inflammation, and neuronal injury in brains of mice due to common, persistent, parasitic infection. J. Neuroinflammation. 2008, 5, 48 (doi: 10.1186/1742-2094-5-48).
  • 10.Jaggy A., Spiess B.: Badanie neurologiczne małych zwierząt, [w:] Jaggy A.: Atlas i podręcznik neurologii małych zwierząt. Galaktyka, Łódź 2007, 1-39.
  • 11.Jones B. R.: The nervous system, [w:] Chandler E. A., Gaskell C. J., Gaskell M. R.: Feline Medicine and Therapeutics. Blackwell Publishing, BSAVA, Oxford 2004, 125-171.
  • 12.Kawasaki Y., Tsuruta T., Setogawa Y., Sakamoto H.: Hydrocephalus with Visual Deficits in a Cat. J. Vet. Med. Sci. 2003, 65, 1361-1364.
  • 13.Lavely J., Lipsitz D.: Fungal infections of the central nervous system in the dog and cat. Clin. Tech. Small Anim. Pract. 2005, 20, 212-219.
  • 14.Lovelace K. M.: Dysautonomia, [w:] Norsworthy G. D., Crystal M. A., Grace S. F., Tilley L. P.: The Feline Patient. Blackwell Publishing, Ames 2006, 78-79.
  • 15.Lowrie M., Anderson J.: Cerebrospinal fluid: analysis and interpretation in small animals. In Practice 2011, 32, 78-85.
  • 16.Norsworthy G. D.: Diabetes Mellitus: Chronic Complications, [w:] Norsworthy G. D., Crystal M. A., Grace S. F., Tilley L. P.: The Feline Patient. Blackwell Publishing, Ames, Iowa 2006, 63-64.
  • 17.Penderis J.: The wobbly cat. Diagnostic and therapeutic approach to generalised ataxia. J. Feline Med. Surg. 2009, 11, 349-359.
  • 18.Sakakibara R., Kanda T., Sekido T., Uchiyama T., Awa Y., Ito T., Liu Z., Yamamoto T., Yamanishi T., Yuasa T., Shirai K., Hattori T.: Mechanism of Bladder Dysfunction in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus. Neurourol. Urodyn. 2008, 27, 507-510.
  • 19.Tamke P. G., Petersen M. G., Dietze A. E., deLahunta A.: Acquired Hydrocephalus and Hydromyelia in a Cat with Feline Infectious Peritonitis: A Case Report and Brief Review. Can. Vet. J. 1988, 29, 997-1000.
  • 20.Terlizzi R. Di, Platt S. R.: The function, composition and analysis of cerebrospinal fluid in companion animals: Part II – Analysis. Vet. J. 2009, 180, 15-32.
  • 21.Tremblay C., Girard C., Quesnel A., Thorneloe C, Belanger J.-F.: Ventricular ependymoma in a cat. Can. Vet. J. 1998, 39, 719-720.
  • 22.Troxel M. T.: Infectious Neuromuscular Diseases of Dogs and Cats. Top. Companion Anim. Med. 2009, 24, 209-220.
  • 23.Zachary J. F.: Nervous System, [w:] McGavin M. D., Zachary J. F. Pathologic Basis of Veterinary Disease. Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri 2007, 833-971.

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.