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2014 | 19 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Effect of land use on the carbon and nitrogen forms in humic horizons of Stagnic Luvisols

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Wpływ sposobu użytkowania na formy węgla i azotu w poziomie próchnicznym gleb płowych stagnoglejowych
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of the study was to assess the effect of land use on the forms of carbon and nitrogen in humic horizons of Stagnic Luvisols located in the area of Sławieńska Plain (northern Poland). Soil samples were collected form six stands with different land uses located in the same soil complex: more than 100-year-old beech-oak forest (BOF), meadow (M), arable field (AF), fallow (F), secondary afforestation with 15- year-old birch trees (SAB) and secondary afforestation with 30-year-old alder trees (SAA). In every stand, soils were sampled in five replications and analyzed with standard methods used in soil science. The content of different forms of carbon and nitrogen was analyzed after sequential extraction in 0.25 mol KCl dm-3, 0.25 mol H2SO4 dm-3 and 2.5 mol H2SO4 dm-3 (Becher, Kalembasa 2011). Different land uses were reflected in the properties of humic horizon of the investigated soils. Particularly large differences were observed between the forest soils never used for agriculture, and arable or post-arable soils. Tillage caused the increase of the A horizon depth from 9.2 to 26.4-35.6 cm, and the increase of its volumetric density. The highest content of soil organic matter (SOM), total organic carbon (TOC) and total nitrogen (TN) as well as the highest TOC:TN ratio were observed in BOF stand. Statistically significant differences were observed between the stands in the content of carbon forms. Nonhydrolyzable carbon was dominat in the soils (55.98-68.11% of TOC), and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) had the smallest contribution (1.43-3.70% in TOC). In general, higher contribution of DOC in TOC was observed in arable and post-arable soils than in soils under forest. The content of mineral nitrogen (NO3-N + NH4-N) in the studied soils ranged from 0.028 to 0.053 g kg-1, and NH4-N dominated in the pool. The lowest concentration of mineral nitrogen was observed in arable soils, and significantly higher in the soils under forest and fallow. Easily hydrolyzable nitrogen (EHN), weakly hydrolyzable nitrogen (WHN) and nonhydrolyzable nitrogen (NHN) were the main forms of the element in the studied soils and their content was closely related to the content of SOM. The highest concentration of the forms was noticed in BOF stand. There were differences between the stands in DOC:DON, EHC:EHN, WHC:WHN and NHC:NHN ratios, which indicate varied biological activity of the soils under different uses.
PL
Celem pracy była ocena wpływu sposobu użytkowania na zawartość i udział form węgla i azotu w poziomie próchnicznym gleb płowych stagnoglejowych położonych na obszarze Równiny Sławieńskiej (północna Polska). Próbki gleb pobrano z 6 stanowisk użytkowanych w różny sposób, położonych w obrębie tego samego kompleksu gleb. Stanowiska obejmowały: ponad 100-letni las bukowo-dębowy (BOF), łąkę (M), pole uprawne (AF), ugór (F), oraz 15-letnie zalesienie brzozą (SAB) i 30-letnie zalesienie olchą (SAA) na gruntach porolnych. Próbki gleb na każdym stanowisku pobrano w 5 powtórzeniach. Oznaczono w nich właściwości fizyczne i chemiczne, stosując metody powszechnie stosowane w gleboznawstwie, oraz zawartość form węgla i azotu w roztworach po sekwencyjnej ekstrakcji z zastosowaniem 0,25 mol KCl dm-3, 0,25 mol H2SO4 dm-3 i 2,5 mol H2SO4 dm-3 (Becher, Kalembasa 2011). Stwierdzono istotny wpływ sposobu użytkowania gleb na właściwości poziomu próchnicznego badanych gleb. Szczególnie duże różnice notowano między nigdy nie użytkowanymi rolniczo glebami leśnymi a glebami rolnymi i porolnymi. Użytkowanie rolnicze gleb spowodowało wzrost miąższości poziomu A z ok. 9,2 cm do 26,4-35,6 cm oraz zwiększenie gęstości objętościowej w tym poziomie. W glebach leśnych obserwowano największą zawartość materii organicznej (SOM), węgla organicznego (TOC) i azotu ogółem (TN), a także najszerszy stosunek TOC: TN. Stwierdzono istotne statystycznie różnice między glebami na badanych stanowiskach pod względem zawartości różnych form węgla. Dominującą frakcją był węgiel nie ulegający hydrolizie (55,98-68,11% TOC), najmniejszy zaś udział miał rozpuszczalny węgiel organiczny (DOC) – 1.43-3.70% TOC. Na ogół większy udział DOC w TOC notowano w glebach rolnych i porolnych w porównaniu z glebami leśnymi. Zawartość azotu mineralnego (NO3-N + NH4-N) wynosiła 0,028-0,053 g kg-1. W tej puli dominowała forma amonowa. Najniższe stężenie azotu mineralnego odnotowano w glebach ornych i istotnie wyższe w glebach leśnych oraz ugorowanych. W badanych glebach dominowały formy azotu łatwo hydrolizująca (EHN), trudno hydrolizująca (WHN) i niehydrolizująca (NHN), występując w zbliżonych proporcjach. Ich zawartość była pozytywnie skorelowana z zawartością materii organicznej, więc największe stężenie tych form występowało w glebach na stanowisku BOF. Stwierdzono różnice między stanowiskami pod względem stosunków DOC:DON, EHC:EHN, WHC:WHN i NHC:NHN, co świadczy o zróżnicowanej aktywności biologicznej gleb użytkowanych w różny sposób.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
19
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.1037-1048,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Institute of Geography and Regional Studies, Pomeranian University in Slupsk, Partyzantow 27, 76-200 Slupsk, Poland
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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