Nowe formy przestrzeni turystycznej w Chorwacji
Treść / Zawartość
New forms of tourism space in Croatia
Croatia is a country in which tourism plays an important role. It has become an important source of income for its inhabitants, especially on the coast. Tourist values of Croatia predispose it, first of all, to the development of mass tourism. According to Eurostat in 2014 the coast of Croatia granted 63.3 million tourist nights, which makes up 95% of tourist nights in the country. The vast majority of tourists are foreign tourists – they represent 92% of all tourists in Croatia and 96% of tourists vacationing on the coast. The Croatian coast was ranked 4th in Europe, after the Canaries, Paris and Catalonia according to number of nights spend in tourist accommodation establishment (Eurostat Regional Yearbook 2016). Despite such intensive tourist movement in Croatia there are some secluded places, visited only by small number of people. Among the accommodation facilities offered in such places, we can find the so-called “Robinson accommodation establishment”, usually located in remote bays on the islands, isolated from human settlements and located next to the sea. Most of them are houses which were originally small summer cottages or farm buildings located in the vicinity of vineyards and olive groves belonging to the nearby living Croats. Therefore, most of the objects doesn’t have an asphalt road – in most cases there is quite a difficult last stage of trip leading a steep, gravel and very winding road (with a length of even a few km). Moreover, not all facilities are equipped with a electricity (sometimes available only from the generator) or warm tap water (sometimes heated by solar energy). In the article Author discusses the “Robinson accommodation establishment” offer of the Adria Databanka Among all objects to rent, 141 objects (4.3%) are classified as “Robinson accommodation establishment”. These facilities are spread on 11 islands and on one peninsula in Dalmatia. Of these, the largest number of objects 81 (57%) offers the island of Hvar. A smaller number is located on the islands of Brač (27 objects, 19%) and Pašman (12 objects, 9%) and on the peninsula Pelješac (10 buildings, 7%) (Table. 1). In total, they have 1,515 beds in 299 apartments. The largest number of beds in such facilities has Hvar – 1046, which makes up 69% of the total. The size of the offered objects varies from 1 to 12 apartments, in which there are from 2 to 59 beds. The average number of sleeping places is 11 (Tab. 1). One of the main advantages of “Robinson accommodation establishment” (next to the peace and tranquillity associated with isolation) is its location in close proximity to the sea. The average distance between the seas coast and the objects is 44 meters (Tab. 2). Only 10% of facilities are located 100 meters or more from the coast, while 74% of sites are located less than 50 meters from the water. The number of tourists accommodated in “Robinson accommodation establishment” is constantly growing. In 2001 only 12 people used this type of accommodation. In recent years, the number of tourist increased to over 5000. The largest number recorded in 2015 was 5337 people (Fig. 1). Tourists accommodated in “Robinson accommodation establishment” are mostly Czechs (where the headquarter of Adria Databanka is located) – about 2/3 of all tourists. After a dozen or so percent come from neighbouring countries such as Poland and Slovakia. “Robinson accommodation establishment” seem to be a perfect place for people who like to spend their vacations in a warm climate at the azure sea coast, but do not like to rest in the crowd.