During 2011-2012 the studies were carried out on the species composition and quantity of insects inhabiting of Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. cones in the Beskid Śląski Mts. (BŚ) and the Beskid Żywiecki Mts. (BŻ) (the Węgierska Górka Forest District). In both these regions a total of 320 cones from 16 trees were collected for analysis and for rearing. Moreover 1600 seeds extracted from cones, were analysed. During the studies 694 insect specimens (including 392 from BŚ) were obtained. Conophages were represented by: Cydia strobilella L. (Lep., Tortricidae) and Kaltenbachiola strobi (Winn.) (Dipt., Cecidomyiidae), and seminiphages by Megastigmus strobilobius Ratz. (Hym., Torymidae). Conophages inhabited 40.3% of all analysed cones (39.4% — BŚ, 41.3% — BŻ). Moreover conophages damaged 35.9% of all analysed seeds. M. strobilobius destroyed about 1% of analysed seeds. Information on parasitoids are given.