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2012 | 16 |
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Sediment variation along the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia

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The northeast monsoon season (NEMS), which occurs between November and March every year, brings heavy rains and strong wind to the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Large sediment resuspension during this season is caused by high waves and river discharge carried by the river to the sea. Sediment is defined in this research as both organic and inorganic materials. Remote sensing reflectance (Rrs) of the Moderate Resolution Spectroradiometer (MODIS) 667 nm channel is used in this study as a Total Suspended Sediment (TSS) index. The data was acquired from Aqua satellite with 9 km resolution. The study was conducted along the eastern coast of Peninsular Malaysia over the period of 2002-2012. The result shows that TSS along the Peninsular Malaysia coastline and the river mouth is highly seasonal. The highest TSS is observed during NEMS with the peak value in November-December every year.
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  • Faculty of Maritime Studies and Marine Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Faculty of Applied Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA Terengganu, Kampus Kuala Terengganu, 21080 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Faculty of Maritime Studies and Marine Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Fakulti Informatik dan Komputeran, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kampus Tembila, 22200 Besut, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Faculty of Maritime Studies and Marine Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Malaysia
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