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2019 | 88 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Morphometric and biochemical screening of old mulberry trees (Morus alba L.) in the former sericulture region of Slovenia

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Języki publikacji
EN
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EN
Over centuries, in many European countries, the white mulberry trees (Morus alba L.) became an integral part of the cultural landscape, bearing witness to past sericulture activities. The distribution records of white mulberry trees in the cultural landscape are incomplete and in general poorly documented. The aim of the presented research was to collect data regarding geographical locations of mulberry trees and to define their morphological and biochemical variability in Goriška region, one of the historical sericulture regions in Slovenia. Principal component analysis of all morphometrical leaf traits allowed us to characterize two separate groups of morphotypes. Recordings of the tree pruning management revealed that annual base cutting is traditionally used in Goriška region. Significant correlations between pruning management and leaf morphology traits showed that frequently pruned trees form larger leaves. Biochemically, mulberry leaves are shown to be rich in proteins containing threonine, arginine, asparagine, serine, and glutamine as the most prominent free amino acids. The main phenolic compounds were identified as caffeoylquinic acid derivatives, quercetin malonyl-hexoside, rutin, kaempferol acetyl-hexoside, quercetin-3-glucoside, and p-coumaric acid derivatives. The difference in concentrations of the investigated metabolites is correlated either with the pruning management or the morphotype. Pruning significantly affected the levels of asparagine, alanine, and serine, which were higher in the annually pruned trees regardless of the morphotype. Furthermore, we were able to confirm a significant effect of pruning on total phenolics as well as on the levels of rutin, quercetin malonyl-hexoside, and quercetin-3-glucoside contents. Multivariate analysis allowed us to determine seven chemotypes with distinctive biochemical traits. Our results are the basis for defining superior high-yielding genotypes with optimum metabolic composition for both silkworm feeding as well as for innovative usage in food processing and pharmaceutical industries.
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Tom
88
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
Article 3614 [22p.],fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Maribor, Pivola 10, 2311 Hoce, Slovenia
autor
  • Division of Plant Sciences, Institute of Biology, University of Graz, Schubertstrasse 51, 8010 Graz, Austria
autor
  • University Botanical Garden, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Maribor, Pivola 90A, 2311 Hoce, Slovenia
  • Division of Plant Sciences, Institute of Biology, University of Graz, Schubertstrasse 51, 8010 Graz, Austria
autor
  • Department of Agrochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Maribor, Pivola 10, 2311 Hoce, Slovenia
  • Department of Agronomy, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Koroska 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia
autor
  • Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, University of Veterinary Medicine, Istvan utca 2, 1078 Budapest, Hungary
  • University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria
autor
  • Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, University of Veterinary Medicine, Istvan utca 2, 1078 Budapest, Hungary
  • University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria
autor
  • Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Maribor, Pivola 10, 2311 Hoce, Slovenia
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