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2016 | 19 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Morphology of immune organs after very virulent plus strain of Marek’s disease virus infection in vaccinated hens

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Marek’s disease (MD) outbreaks in poultry flocks may be associated with overriding of vaccine immune protection by very virulent (vvMDV) or very virulent plus (vv+MDV) strains. This paper presents the study on lymphoid organ morphology in the latent phase of MD caused by vv+MDV which break post-vaccinal protection in hens. We also immunohistochemically examined B and T populations as well as B/T and CD4+/CD8+ ratio of lymphocytes in lymphatic organs and, as a background, in MD lymphomas from non-lymphatic organs. The number of antigen expressed cells was evaluated as a percentage of positive cells in the one power field. Organ samples were collected from 24 dead reproductive hens (Ross 308 line) in age between 35-56 weeks, infected with vv+MDV. The hens originated from farms with MD outbreaks, despite earlier routine vaccination with CVI988/Rispens + HVT. The control organ samples originated from 15 clinically healthy hens at the same age and line, subjected to the same vaccination schedule. The number of CD3+, CD8+ and TCRγδ+ cells was significantly lower in MDV infected thymus, spleen and cecal tonsils in comparison to that found in the control organs. The proportion of CD4+ was also distinctly reduced in the thymus and limited in the spleen of MDV infected hens. This study revealed that infection with field vv+MDV isolates might break post-vaccinal protection and influence the central and peripheral immune system. The decrease in CD8+ and TCRγδ+ cell number in the thymus, spleen and cecal tonsils suggests that primarily these cells are involved in cell-mediated cytotoxicity against MDV transformed cells during latency.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
19
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.325-335,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Norwida 25, 50-375, Wroclaw, Poland
  • Department of Swine Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute Pulawy (NVRI), al. Partyzantow 57, 24-100 Pulawy, Poland
autor
  • Department of Epizootiology and Clinic of Bird and Exotic Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, pl. Grunwaldzki 45, 50-355 Wroclaw, Poland
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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