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2016 | 25 | 5 |
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The problem of wastewater in shale gas exploitation the influence of fracturing flowback water on activated sludge at a wastewater treatment plant

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Shale gas exploitation by hydraulic fracturing involves a number of environmental hazards, among which the neutralization and management of fracturing flowback waters is of particular importance. Chemical compounds present in the flowback water mainly constitute a threat to surface waters. The aim of our research was to determine the effects of these compounds on the state of activated sludge in a wastewater treatment plant employing biological treatment processes. Based on the obtained results, it was concluded that prior to the transfer of flowback water to a biological wastewater treatment system, it should be diluted with fresh water to lower the chloride ion concentration to the level of 1,000 mg Cl-/dm3. Although such a procedure would ensure the proper performance of a biological wastewater treatment system, it would not limit the migration of phthalates and thihalomethanes to surface waters.
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  • Department of Immunobiology and Environmental Microbiology, Medical University of Gdansk, Marii Sklodowskiej-Curie 3A, 80-210 Gdansk, Poland
  • Department of Immunobiology and Environmental Microbiology, Medical University of Gdansk, Marii Sklodowskiej-Curie 3A, 80-210 Gdansk, Poland
  • Department of Environmental Toxicology, Medical University of Gdansk, Marii Sklodowskiej-Curie 3A, 80-210 Gdansk, Poland
  • Department of Immunobiology and Environmental Microbiology, Medical University of Gdansk, Marii Sklodowskiej-Curie 3A, 80-210 Gdansk, Poland
  • Department of Immunobiology and Environmental Microbiology, Medical University of Gdansk, Marii Sklodowskiej-Curie 3A, 80-210 Gdansk, Poland
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