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2016 | 62 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

The role of particular tick developmental stages in the circulation of tick-borne pathogens affecting humans in Central Europe. 3. Rickettsiae

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor reticulatus and D. marginatus ticks are the most important vector for Rickettsia spp. in Central Europe. Ticks sustain rickettsial transmission cycles transovarially and transstadially, it makes enable the rickettsial circulation in the tick population in the absence of vertebrate competent reservoir. Rickettsia helvetica is transmitted by I. ricinus tick; the highest rates of infection are noted in adult females, lower in males and in nymphs. All tick developmental stages apart males are able to infect mammal hosts and humans. The potential animal reservoir could be wild boar, the role of deer is unclear; small rodents maintain the tick population. Rickettsia slovaca is transmitted by D. marginatus and D. reticulatus ticks. The available data suggest the role of wild boars and Apodemus mice as animal reservoir. The ticks able to infect human are adults D. marginatus. Rickettsia raoultii is transmitted by D. marginatus and D. reticulatus. The infections of mammals are not recorded. As in Rickettsia slovaca, human can be infected by adults D. marginatus. Rickettsia monacensis is transmitted in Central Europe by I. ricinus tick (apart males), although there is a documented infection of Dermacentor ticks. The differences in the infection rates of tick’s larvae, nymphs and adults suggest the limited role of transovarial transmission, and the participation of mammals in the zoonotic cycle, being the source of infection for larvae and nymphs.
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Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
62
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.89–100,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • W.Stefanski Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Department of Tropical Parasitology, Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Gdansk, Powstania Styczniowego 9B, 81-519 Gdynia, Poland
autor
  • Department of Tropical Parasitology, Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Gdansk, Powstania Styczniowego 9B, 81-519 Gdynia, Poland
autor
  • W.Stefanski Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • W.Stefanski Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-4f343301-ef87-47dc-be2b-da05c91f56e7
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