PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2019 | 64 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Hindlimb morphology of Palaeotis suggests palaeognathous affinities of the Geranoididae and other “crane-like” birds from the Eocene of the Northern Hemisphere

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The early/middle Eocene Palaeotis weigelti is a flightless bird, which occurs in the fossil localities Messel and Geiseltal (Germany). The species is assigned to the Palaeognathae and some authors considered it to be a stem group representative of the Struthionidae (ostriches). Even though several partial skeletons have been found, the osteology of P. weigelti is incompletely known. In the present study, new details of the hindlimb morphology of the species are reported based on unpublished and previously described fossils from the Geiseltal. These data show that the recently described Galligeranoides boriensis from the early Eocene of southern France is another representative of the Palaeotididae and the oldest record of the taxon. It is further noted that Palaeogrus princeps from the middle Eocene of Italy, which was previously assigned to the Gruidae (cranes), may be another representative of the Palaeotididae. Galligeranoides was before assigned to the North American Geranoididae, a taxon mainly known from hindlimb elements. The Geranoididae are usually considered to be closely related to the Asian Eogruidae and both taxa are currently classified in the Gruiformes (cranes and allies). However, as detailed in the present study, derived similarities suggest close affinities between the Palaeotididae and Geranoididae. Eogruids were identified as stem group representatives of the palaeognathous Struthionidae by some earlier authors, and if close affinities between Palaeotididae and Geranoididae are corroborated in future analyses, palaeognathous affinities of the Eogruidae need to be critically revisited.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
64
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.669–678,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt, Ornithological Section, Senckenberganlage 25, D-60325 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Bibliografia
  • Agnolin, F.L. 2017. Unexpected diversity of ratites (Aves, Palaeognathae) in the early Cenozoic of South America: palaeobiogeographical implications. Alcheringa 41: 101‒111.
  • Alvarenga, H.M.F. 1983. Uma ave ratitae do Paleoceno Brasileiro: bacia calcária de Itaboraí, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Boletim do museu nacional, Geologia 41: 1‒8.
  • Baker, A.J., Haddrath, O., McPherson, J.D., and Cloutier, A. 2014. Genomic support for a moa-tinamou clade and adaptive morphological convergence in flightless ratites. Molecular Biology and Evolution 31: 1686‒1696.
  • Bourdon, E., De Ricqlès, A., and Cubo, J. 2009. A new Transantarctic relationship: morphological evidence for a Rheidae–Dromaiidae–Casuariidae clade (Aves, Palaeognathae, Ratitae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156: 641‒663.
  • Bourdon, E., Mourer-Chauviré, C., and Laurent, Y. 2016. Early Eocene birds from La Borie, southern France. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 61: 175–190.
  • Burchak-Abramovich, N.I. [Burčak-Abramovič, N.I.] 1951. Urmiornis (Urmiornis maraghanus Mecq.) an ostrich-like bird from the Hipparion fauna of Transcaucasia and south Ukraine [in Russian]. Izvestiâ Akademii Nauk Azerbajdžanskoj SSR 6: 83–94.
  • Clarke, J.A., Norell, M.A., and Dashzeveg, D. 2005. New avian remains from the Eocene of Mongolia and the phylogenetic position of the Eogruidae (Aves, Gruoidea). American Museum Novitates 3494: 1‒17.
  • Cracraft, J. 1969. Systematics and evolution of the Gruiformes (Class, Aves). 1. The Eocene family Geranoididae and the early history of the Gruiformes. American Museum Novitates 2388: 1‒41.
  • Cracraft, J. 1973. Systematics and evolution of the Gruiformes (Class Aves). 3. Phylogeny of the suborder Grues. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 151: 1‒127.
  • Feduccia, A. 1980. The Age of Birds. 199 pp. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
  • Haddrath, O. and Baker, A.J. 2012. Multiple nuclear genes and retroposons support vicariance and dispersal of the palaeognaths, and an Early Cretaceous origin of modern birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 279: 4617–4625.
  • Harshman, J., Braun, E.L., Braun, M.J., Huddleston, C.J., Bowie, R.C.K., Chojnowski, J.L., Hackett, S.J., Han, K.-L., Kimball, R.T., Marks, B.D., Miglia, K.J., Moore, W.S., Reddy, S., Sheldon, F.H., Steadman, D.W., Steppan, S.J., Witt, C.C., and Yuri, T. 2008. Phylogenomic evidence for multiple losses of flight in ratite birds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A. 36: 13462–13467.
  • Houde, P. 1986. Ostrich ancestors found in the Northern Hemisphere suggest new hypothesis of ratite origin. Nature 324: 563–565.
  • Houde, P. 1988. Paleognathous birds from the early Tertiary of the Northern Hemisphere. Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club 22: 1–148.
  • Houde, P. and Haubold, H. 1987. Palaeotis weigelti restudied: a small Middle Eocene ostrich (Aves: Struthioniformes). Palaeovertebrata 17: 27–42.
  • Kurochkin, E.N. 1976. A survey of the Paleogene birds of Asia. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 27: 75‒86.
  • Kurochkin, E.N. [Kuročkin, E.N.] 1981. New representatives and evolution of two archaic gruiform families in Eurasia [in Russian]. Trudy Sovmestnoj Sovetsko- Mongolskoj Paleontologičeskoj Ekspedicii 15: 59‒85.
  • Lambrecht, K. 1928. Palaeotis Weigelti n. g. n. sp., eine fossile Trappe aus der mitteleozänen Braunkohle des Geiseltales. Jahrbuch des Halleschen Verbandes für die Erforschung mitteldeutscher Bodenschätze, Neue Folge 7: 1‒11.
  • Lambrecht, K. 1933. Handbuch der Palaeornithologie. 1022 pp. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin.
  • Lambrecht, K. 1935. Drei neue Vogelformen aus dem Lutétian des Geiseltales. Nova Acta Leopoldina, Neue Folge 3: 361‒367.
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Vol. 1: Regnum animale. Editio decima, reformata. 824 pp. Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm.
  • Martin, L.D. 1992. The status of the late Paleocene Birds Gastornis and Remiornis. In: K.E. Campbell (ed.), Papers in Avian Paleontology honoring Pierce Brodkorb. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 36: 97‒108.
  • Mayr, G. 2002. Avian Remains from the Middle Eocene of the Geiseltal (Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany). In: Z. Zhou and Z. Zhang (eds.), Proceedings of the 5th Symposium of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution, Beijing, 1–4 June 2000, 77–96. Science Press, Beijing.
  • Mayr, G. 2009. Paleogene Fossil Birds. 262 pp. Springer, Heidelberg.
  • Mayr, G. 2015. The middle Eocene European “ratite” Palaeotis (Aves, Palaeognathae) restudied once more. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 89: 503‒514.
  • Mayr, G. 2016. On the taxonomy and osteology of the Early Eocene North American Geranoididae (Aves, Gruoidea). Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 135: 315‒325.
  • Mayr, G. 2017. Avian Evolution: The Fossil Record of Birds and Its Paleobiological Significance. 293 pp. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester.
  • Mayr, G. and Clarke, J. 2003. The deep divergences of neornithine birds: a phylogenetic analysis of morphological characters. Cladistics 19: 527‒553.
  • Mitchell, K.J., Llamas, B., Soubrier, J., Rawlence, N.J., Worthy, T.H., Wood, J., Lee, M.S.Y., and Cooper, A. 2014. Ancient DNA reveals elephant birds and kiwi are sister taxa and clarifies ratite bird evolution. Science 344: 898–900.
  • Olson, S.L. 1985. The fossil record of birds. In: D.S. Farner, J.R. King, and K.C. Parkes (eds.), Avian Biology, Volume 8, 79–238. Academic Press, New York.
  • Peters, D.S. 1988. Ein vollständiges Exemplar von Palaeotis weigelti (Aves, Palaeognathae). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 107: 223–233.
  • Portis, A. 1885. Contribuzioni alla ornitolitologia italiana. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino 36: 361–384.
  • Phillips, M.J., Gibb, G.C., Crimp, E.A., and Penny, D. 2010. Tinamous and moa flock together: mitochondrial genome sequence analysis reveals independent losses of flight among ratites. Systematic Biology 59: 90–107.
  • Smith, J.V., Braun, E.L., and Kimball, R.T. 2013. Ratite nonmonophyly: independent evidence from 40 novel loci. Systematic Biology 62: 35–49.
  • Shufeldt, R.W. 1913. Further studies of fossil birds with descriptions of new and extinct species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 32: 285‒306.
  • Vanden Berge, J.C. and Storer, R.W. 1995. Intratendinous ossification in birds: a review. Journal of Morphology 226: 47–77.
  • Vandenberghe, N., Hilgen, F.J. and Speijer, R.P. with contributions by Ogg, J.G., Gradstein, F.M., Hammer, O., Hollis, C.J., and Hooker, J.J. 2012. The Paleogene period. In: F.M. Gradstein, J.G. Ogg, M. Schmitz, and G. Ogg (eds.), The Geologic Time Scale, 855–921. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • Yonezawa, T., Segawa, T., Mori, H., Campos, P. F., Hongoh, Y., Endo, H., Akiyoshi, A., Kohno, N., Nishida, S., Wu, J., Jin, H., Adachi, J., Kishino, H., Kurokawa, K., Nogi, Y., Tanabe, H., Mukoyama, H., Yoshida, K., Rasoamiaramanana, A., Yamagishi, S., Hayashi, Y., Yoshida, A., Koike, H., Akishinonomiya, F., Willerslev, E., and Jin, H. 2017. Phylo genomics and morphology of extinct paleognaths reveal the origin and evolution of the ratites. Current Biology 27: 68‒77.
  • Wetmore, A. 1933. Fossil bird remains from the Eocene of Wyoming. Condor 35: 115‒118.
  • Wetmore, A. 1934. Fossil birds from Mongolia and China. American Museum Novitates 711: 1‒16.
  • Woodburne, M.O., Goin, F.J., Raigemborn, M.S., Heizler, M., Gelfo, J.N., and Oliveira, E.V. 2014. Revised timing of the South American early Paleogene land mammal ages. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 54: 109‒119.
  • Zelenkov, N.V. and Kurochkin, E.N. 2015. Class Aves. In: E.I. Vorobyeva, E.N. Kurochkin, A.V. Lopatin, and M.A. Shishkin (eds.), Fossil Vertebrates of Russia and Adjacent Countries. Part 3, Fossil Reptiles and Birds, 86‒290. Geos, Moscow.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-4f2f3508-640a-48fc-9742-8a2ccc9b57d5
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.