Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 58 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Prevalence of subclinical coccidiosis in river buffalo calves of Southwest of Iran

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Despite the importance of buffalo farming in Iran, little is known in this country about the abundance and distribution of Eimeria spp. in the animal species. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence and species characterization of Eimeria oocysts in river buffalo calves of Khuzestan province, southwest of Iran. Of the total 108 fecal samples examined for Eimeria, 108 (100%) were found infected with 11 species of the parasite. Among the identified species of Eimeria, E. bovis was found to be the predominant etiological agent (76.85%), followed in order by E. canadensis (62.96%), E. zuernii (47.2%), E. ellipsoidalis (26.85%), E. subspherica (25.92%), E. brasiliensis (19.4%), E. auburnensis (18.51%), E. alabamensis (14.81%), E. pellita (11.1%), E. illinoisensis (5.5%) and E. bukidnonensis (2.7%). In most calves multiple infections with three species were present. While, 20.7% of calves showed heavy infection, 50.4 and 24.8% of calves showed weak and moderate infection, respectively. There was no significant difference in the OPG values between the calves of different localities. There was also no significant difference between the prevalence rate of infection in males and females. A total of 16.6% of all faecal samples were found to be diarrheic. A highly significant relationship could be identified between the occurrence of diarrhea and the level of E. bovis and E. zuernii oocysts excretion. Considering the pervasive occurrence and negative effects of the infection on the health condition and the growth performance of buffalo calves, infections should receive increased attention by both farmers and veterinarians.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
  • Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
  • Abebe R., Wossene A., Kumsa B. 2008. Epidemiology of Eimeria infections in calves in Addis Ababa and DebreZeit dairy farms, Ethiopia. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine, 6, 24–30.
  • Ahmed M.W., Soad E.H. 2007. Applied studies on coccidiosis in growing buffalo calves with special reference to Oxidant/Antioxidant Status World. Journal of Zoology, 2, 40–48.
  • Cicek H., Sevimli F., Kozan E., Köse M., Eser M., Doğan N. 2007. Prevalence of coccidia in beef cattle in western Turkey. Parasitology Research, 101, 1239–1243. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-007-0627-3.
  • Daugschies A., Najdrowski M. 2005. Eimeriosis in cattle: current understanding. Journal of Veterinary Medicine B, Infectious Disease and Veterinary Public Health, 52, 417–427. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0450.2005.00894.
  • Eckert J., Taylor M., Catchpole J., Licois D., Coudert P., Bucklar H. 1995. Morphological characteristics of oocysts. In: Eckert J., Braun R., Shirley M.W., Coudert P. (Eds). Biotechnology guidelines on techniques in coccidiosis research, European Commission, Luxembourg.
  • Ernst J.V., Benz G.W. 1981. Coccidiosis. In: Ristic M., McIntyre I. (Eds.). Diseases of Cattle in the Tropics, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands.
  • Farkas R., Szeidemann Z., Majoros G. 2007. Studies on coccidiosis of calves in Hungarian dairy farms. Parasitology Research, 101, 113–120. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-007-0618-4.
  • Fitzgerald P.R. 1980. The economic impact of coccidiosis in domestic animals. Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine, 24, 121–143.
  • Fox J.E. 1985. Coccidiosis in cattle. Modern Veterinary Practice, 66, 113–116.
  • Friend S.C.E., Stockdale P.H.G. 1980. Experimental Eimeria bovis infection in calves. A histopathological study. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine, 44, 129–140.
  • Hayat C.S., Ruknudin A., Hayat B., Akhtar M. 1994. Prevalence of coccidiosis in cattle and buffaloes with emphasis on age, breed, sex, season and management. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 14, 214–217.
  • Harper C.G., Makatouni A. 2002. Consumer perception of organic food production and farm animal welfare. British Food Journal, 104, 287–299. DOI: 10.1108/00070700210425723.
  • Hoblet K.H., Shulaw W.P., Saif L.J., Weisbrode S.E., Lance S.E., Howard R.R., Angrick E.J., Redman D.R. 1992. Concurrent experimentally induced infection with Eimeria bovis and coronavirus unweaned dairy calves. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 53, 1400–1407.
  • Koutny H., Joachim A., Tichy A., Baumgartner W. 2012. Bovine Eimeria species in Austria. Parasitology Research, 110, 1893–1901. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-011-2715-7.
  • Levine N.D. 1985. Veterinary Protozoology, Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA.
  • Munyua W.K., Ngotho J.W. 1990. Prevalence of Eimeria species in cattle in Kenya. Veterinary Parasitology, 35, 163–168. DOI: 10.1016/0304-4017(90)90126.
  • Niilo L. 1970. Bovine coccidiosis in Canada. Canadian Veterinary Journal, 11, 91–98.
  • Parker R.J., Jones G.W. 1987. The development of Eimerian infections during the first eight months of life in unweaned beef calves in adry tropical region of Australia. Veterinary Parasitology, 25, 1–7.
  • Priti M., Sinha S.R.P., Sucheta S., Verma S.B., Sharma S.K., Mandal K.G. 2008. Prevalence of bovine coccidiosis at Patna. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, 22, 5–12.
  • Rehman T.U., Khan M.N., Khan I.A., Ahmad M. 2011. Epidemiology and economic benefits of treating goat coccidiosis. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 31, 227–230.
  • Soulsby E.J.L. 1986. Helminth, arthropods and protozoa of domesticated animals, 7th edn, Baillier, London.
  • Taheri Dezfuli B., Nejati Javaremi A., Abbasi M.A., Fayazi J., Chamani M. 2011. Economic weights of milk production traits for buffalo herds in the southwest of Iran using profit equation. World Applied Sciences Journal, 15, 1604–1613.
  • Waruiru R.M., Kyvsgaard N.C., Thamsborg S.M., Nansen P., Bøgh H.O., Munyua W.K., Gathuma J.M. 2000. The prevalence and intensity of helminth and coccidial infections in dairy cattle in central Kenya. Veterinary Research Communication, 24, 39–53.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.