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2015 | 14 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Assessment of Cupressus sempervirens L. hardiness through carbohydrates and pigments content in the leaves

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Ocena wytrzymałości Cupressus sempervirens L. na podstawie zawartości węglowodanów i barwników w liściach
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The study was carried out in 2011–2014 at Botanical garden of Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovak Republic. Cupressus sempervirens L. was planted in two types of planting, plants planted direct in the soil and stayed outside during winter time and plants planted in pots and protected during winter time, when plants were removed in to greenhouse from end of November until end of March. The sample of young, one year leaves had been taken in end of January when temperature over night was (–7°C) and at 9 am was (–3°C). The results showed that there are significant differences between plants planted outside and plants protected during winter time in all of studied characteristics. Plants planted in ground had the highest chlorophyll a and total sugar content in comparison with plants in pots which were in greenhouse when temperature has recorded on (8°C) in average. There is an inverse relationship between chlorophyll a and total sugar and starch. The study found also an inverse relationship between total sugar and starch content in the leaves. Also an inverse relationship between chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b was found; increase of chlorophyll a leads to decrease of chlorophyll b content.
PL
Doświadczenie przeprowadzono w latach 2011–2014 w Ogrodzie Botanicznym Słowackiego Uniwersytetu Rolniczego w Nitrze, Republika Słowacka. Rośliny gatunku Cupressus sempervirens L. zostały posadzone na dwa sposoby, część roślin wysadzono bezpośrednio do gleby i pozostawiono na zewnątrz na okres zimy, a drugą część roślin posadzono do doniczek i chroniono w czasie zimy, gdyż zostały przeniesione do szklarni na okres od końca listopada do końca marca. Próbkę młodych liści jednorocznych pobrano w końcu stycznia, kiedy temperatura w ciągu nocy wynosiła –7°C, a o 9.00 rano wyniosła –3°C. Wyniki badań pokazały, że istnieją istotne różnice pomiędzy roślinami posadzonymi na zewnątrz a roślinami chronionymi w okresie zimy, biorąc pod uwagę wszystkie badane właściwości. Rośliny posadzone do gruntu charakteryzował najwyższy poziom chlorofilu oraz całkowitej zawartości cukru w porównaniu z roślinami umieszczonymi w doniczkach, które przebywały w szklarni, gdzie temperatura wynosiła średnio 8°C. Istnieje odwrotny stosunek pomiędzy chlorofilem a, całkowitym cukrem i skrobią. W badaniu określono również odwrotny stosunek między cukrem całkowitym a zawartością skrobi w liściach. Stwierdzono także odwrotny stosunek między chlorofilem a a chlorofilem b, gdyż wzrost chlorofilu a prowadzi do obniżenia zawartości chlorofilu b.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
14
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.3-16,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Garden and Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tulipanova 7, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia
autor
  • Department of Garden and Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tulipanova 7, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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