A hydraulic model as a useful tool in the operation of a water-pipe network
Treść / Zawartość
Our paper presents a model of the water-pipe network for the Kawie Góry supply zone. The zone under analysis is part of the network operated by the PWiK (Water-Pipe and Sewage Company) in Czestochowa. The model was made in the Epanet program using numerical and operational data. The water-pipe network under examination supplies water to a family housing estate and is fed from a field water-supply reservoir. The total population of the area is approx. 1,500 people, the length of the waterpipe network is 11,704 running meters, and the pipe diameter range is 100-150 mm. The pipes are made of grey cast-iron, PE, and PVC. Based on the selected measurement points, calibration of the model was performed. Within the validation of the model, sensitivity analysis was made. Then, a series of simulations were performed to illustrate the network operation for variable water supply and demand conditions. Multi-period analysis was employed for modeling. The developed model made it possible to determine the magnitude of pressure in the network points, and flows in particular sections for operational parameters under consideration. The prepared model can also provide a base for alternative network management variants, for example in the case of failure or increased water demand and enable the forecasting of possible water shortage locations. In the event of the development of the network, in turn, it will enable the optimal design of new lines.
- 1. GOSIEWSKA E. Well "programmed" company. Wodociągi-Kanalizacja, 1, 13, 2004 [In Polish].
- 2. SROCZAN E., URBANIAK A. IT tools for water supply and sewerage systems. Wodociągi-Kanalizacja, 1, 17, 2004 [In Polish].
- 3. KWIETNIEWSKI M. Monitoring and GIS in the modern operation of water and wastewater systems. Gaz, Woda i Technika Sanitarna, 4, 9, 2005 [In Polish].
- 4. BAŁUT A., URBANIAK A. The selection criteria of numerical modeling tools for water supply networks. Gaz, Woda i Technika Sanitarna, 6, 11, 2009 [In Polish].
- 5. KLAWCZYŃSKA A. Modelling of the water distribution system. Wodociągi-Kanalizacja, 9, 30, 2006 [In Polish].
- 6. RUTKOWSKI T. From modeling by simulation to control. Wodociągi-Kanalizacja, 10, 12, 2005 [In Polish].
- 7. ZIMOCH I. The use of computer modeling to support the operation process of the water supply system. Ochrona środowiska 3, 31, 2008 [In Polish].
- 8. HAIFENG J., WEI W., KUNLUN X. Hydraulic model for multi-sources reclaimed water pipe network based on Epanet and its applications in Beijing, China, Frontiers of Environmental Science and Engineering in China, 2, 57, 2008.
- 9. KOTOWSKI A., PAWLAK A., WÓJTOWICZ P. Modelling of urban water supply system on the example of housing estate in Rzeszów, Baranówka. Ochrona Środowiska, 2, 43, 2010 [In Polish].
- 10. ROSSMAN L.A. Epanet 2 users manual, U.S. Epa, Cincinati 2000.
- 11. BAŁUT A., URBANIAK A. Verification and validation – the necessary steps of forming simulation model of water supply network. Gaz, Woda i Technika Sanitarna, 4, 160, 2012 [In Polish].
- 12. STUDZIŃSKI J. The use of monitoring data in the management urban water supply network, article written in the implementation of the development project of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education No. R11 001 01, available at: www.wr.utp.edu.pl/kiz/wzor_polski.doc [In Polish].
- 13. WALSKI T. M., CHASE D. V., SAVIC D. A., GRAYMAN W., BECKWITH S., KOELLE E. Advanced water distribution modeling and management, Haestad Press, Waterbury, 2003.