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2012 | 47 | 2 |
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Is small mammal mycophagy relevant for truffle cultivation?

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The role of mycophagous small mammals as vectors of hypogeous fungi is well established. However, little is known about dispersal of gourmet truffle species by mammal vectors, or about the potential role of mycophagy in truffle plantations. We hypothesize that small mammal mycophagy contributes to the productivity of truffle plantations by providing inoculum for truffle mycelium establishment and mating. Spread of non-desired competitors of gourmet truffles is a potential adverse effect of small mammal mycophagy.
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-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
47
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Faculty of Life Sciences University of Vienna, Rennweg 14, 1030 Vienna, Austria
autor
  • Coastal Research and Planning Institute, Klaipeda University, 92294 Klaipeda, Lithuania
  • Department of Integrative Biology and Biodiversity Research, Institute of Wildlife Biology and Game Management, University of Natural Resourses and Life Sciences, Gregor Mendel Strasse 33, 1180 Vienna, Austria
Bibliografia
  • Bertolino S., Genovesi P. 2003. Spread and Attempted Eradication of the Grey Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) in Italy, and Consequences for the Red Squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) in Eurasia. Biological Conservation 109: 351–358. doi:10.1016/S0006-3207(02)00161-1.
  • Bertolino S., Vizzini A., Wauters L.A., Tosi G. 2004. Consumption of Hypogeous and Epigeous Fungi by the Red Squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) in Subalpine Conifer Forests. Forest Ecology and Management 202: 227–233. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.07.024.
  • Blaschke H. & Bäumler. W. 1989. Mycophagy and Spore Dispersal by Small Mammals in Bavarian Forests. Forest Ecology and Management 26: 237–245. doi:10.1016/0378-1127(89)90084-4.
  • Borowski Z. 2007. Damage Caused by Rodents in Polish Forests. International Journal of Pest Management 53: 303–310. doi:10.1080/09670870701497253.
  • Claridge A. W. 2002. Ecological Role of Hypogeous Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Australian Forests and Woodlands. Plant and Soil 244: 291–305. doi:10.1023/A:1020262317539.
  • Grönwall O., Pehrson Å. 1984. Nutrient Content in Fungi as a Primary Food of the Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris L. Oecologia 64: 230–231. doi:10.1007/BF00376875.
  • Kataržytė M., Kutorga E. 2011. Small Mammal Mycophagy in Hemiboreal Forest Communities of Lithuania. Central European Journal of Biology 6: 446–456. doi:10.2478/s11535-011-0006-z.
  • Maser C. A., Claridge A.W., Trappe J. M. 2008. Trees, Truffles, and Beasts: How Forests Function. Rutgers University Press.
  • Paolocci F., Rubini A., Riccioni C., Arcioni S. 2006. Reevaluation of the Life Cycle of Tuber magnatum. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72: 2390–2393. doi:10.1128/AEM.72.4.2390-2393.2006.
  • Pigott C. D. 1985. Selective Damage to Tree-seedlings by Bank Voles (Clethrionomys glareolus). Oecologia 67: 367–371. doi:10.1007/BF00384942.
  • Riccioni C., Belfiori B., Rubini A., Passeri V., Arcioni S., Paolocci F. 2008. Tuber melanosporum Outcrosses: Analysis of the Genetic Diversity Within and Among Its Natural Populations Under This New Scenario. New Phytologist 180: 466–478. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02560.x.
  • Schickmann S., Kräutler K., Kohl G., Nopp-Mayr U., Krisai-Greilhuber I. Hackländer K., Urban A. 2011. Comparison of Extraction Methods Applicable to Fungal Spores in Faecal Samples from Small Mammals. Sydowia 63: 237–247.
  • Schickmann S., Urban A., Kräutler K., Nopp-Mayr U., Hackländer K. 2012. The Interrelationship of Mycophagous Small Mammals and Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Primeval Disturbed and Managed Central European Mountainous Forests. Oecologia 170: 395–409. doi:10.1007/s00442-012-2303-2.
  • Urban A., Neuner-Plattner I., Krisai-Greilhuber I., Haselwandter K. 2004. Molecular Studies on Terricolous Microfungi Reveal Novel Anamorphs of Two Tuber Species. Mycological Research 108: 749–758.
  • Vernes K., Poirier N. 2007. Use of a Robin’s Nest as a Cache Site for Truffles by a Red Squirrel. Northeastern Naturalist 14: 145–149. doi:10.1656/1092-6194(2007)14[145:UOARNA]2.0.CO;2.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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