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2010 | 09 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

The effects of dietary supplementation with CLA and Camelina sativa seeds oil on performance of broiler chickens

Warianty tytułu
PL
Wpływ dodatku CLA i oleju z nasion lnianki siewnej (Camelina sativa) na parametry odchowu kurcząt brojlerów
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary conjugated li- noleic acid (CLA) and false flax (Camelina sativa) seeds oil (FO), as a replacement for sunflower oil, on the performance of broiler chickens. Experiment was carried out on 96 chickens randomly divided into four groups - control: fed on the diet with sunflower oil (SO) and three experimental: fed on the diet with addition of CLA (2,86% starter, 4,32% grower) and fed on the diet with addition of CLA (1,43% starter, 2,16% grower) and SO or FO (1,43% starter, 2,16% grower). Daily weight gain, daily feed consumption, feed conversion ratio as well as final body weight were measured. No significant differences in growth performance were observed in the first period of experiment. In older birds dietary treatment with SO+CLA and FO+CLA daily weight gain, feed consumption and final body weight slightly increased. No significant differences in the values of analyzed parameters between SO, CLA and SO+CLA groups were observed. In conclusion, the results indicated that false flax oil and CLA can replace sunflower oil in chickens' feeding, and demonstrated the effectiveness of false flax oil on the growth performance of broiler chickens.
PL
Celem pracy było zbadanie wpływu żywienia paszą zawierającą sprzężony kwas linolowy (CLA) i olej z lnianki siewnej (Camelina sativa) (FO) na wskaźniki odchowu kurcząt brojlerów. Doświadczenie przeprowadzono na 96 kurczętach podzielo­nych na cztery grupy - kontrolną, żywioną paszą z olejem słonecznikowym (SO) i trzy doświadczalne: grupa żywiona paszą z dodatkiem CLA (2,86% starter, 4,32% grower) lub paszą z dodatkiem CLA i SO (1,43% starter, 2,16% grower), bądź CLA i FO (1,43% starter, 2,16% grower). Oznaczono dzienne przyrosty, spożycie paszy, zużycie paszy oraz masę końcową. Podczas pierwszego okresu odchowu nie zaobserwowano znaczących różnic we wskaźnikach odchowu. U starszych ptaków żywienie mieszankami z dodatkiem SO+CLA i FO+CLA nieznacznie podniosło dzienne przyrosty, spożycie paszy i masę końcową. Nie stwierdzono istotnych różnic badanych parametrów między grupami SO, CLA i SO+CLA. Reasumując, uzyskane wskaźniki odchowu potwierdziły przydatność oleju z lnianki siewnej i CLA, stosowanych w miejsce oleju słonecznikowego, w żywieniu kurcząt brojlerów.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
09
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.11-19,ref.
Twórcy
  • University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
autor
  • University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
autor
  • University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • Bandiga L., Selberg K.T., Dinges A.C., Comer C.W., Miles R.D., 2003. Dietary conjugated linoleic acid alters hepatic lipids content and fatty acid composition in broiler chickens. Poultry Sci., 82, 111-116.
  • Belury M.A., 2002. Dietary conjugated linoleic acid in health: physiological effects and mechanisms of action. Annu. Rev. Nutri., 22, 505-531.
  • Bolukbasi S.C., 2006. Effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on broiler performance, serum lipoprotein content, muscle fatty acid composition and meat quality during refrigerated storage. British Poultry Science, 47, 470-476.
  • Chin S.F., Liu W., Storkson J.M., Ha Y.L., Pariza M.W., 2001. Dietary sources of conjugated dienoic isomers of linoleic acid, a newly recognized class of anticarcinogens. J. Food Compos. Anal., 5, 185-197.
  • Crowley J.G., 1998. Evaluation of Camelina sativa as an alternative oilseed crop. End of Project Report No. 7. Crops Research Centre, Oak Park, Carlow, Ireland.
  • Du M., Ahn D. U., 2002. Effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on the growth rate of live birds and on the abdominal fat content and quality of broiler meat. Poultry Sci., 81, 428-433.
  • Flachowsky G., Langbein T., Böhme H., Schneider A., Aulrich K.K., 1997. Effect of false flax expeller combined with shortterm vitamin E supplementation in pig feeding on the fatty acid pattern, vitamin E concentration and oxidative stability of various tissues. J. Anim. Physiol. An. N., 78, 187-195.
  • Frame D.D., Palmer M., Peterson B., 2007. Use of Camelina sativa in the diets of young turkeys. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 16, 381-386.
  • Givens D.I., Cottrill M., Davies M., Lee P.M., Mansbridge R.J., Moss A.R., 2001. Sources of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids additional to fish oil for livestock diets - a review. Nutr. Abstr. Rev. s: B, 12, 53-83.
  • Javadi M., Geelen M.J.H., Everts H., Hovenier R., Javadi S., Kappert H., Beynen A.C., 2007. Effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on body composition and energy balance in broiler chickens. Br. J. Nutr., 98, 1152-1158.
  • Jaśkiewicz T., Matyka S., 2003. Application of Camelina sativa, its seeds, extrudate, and oil cake in diets for broiler chickens and the effect on rearing indices and carcass quality. Ann. Anim. Sci. Suppl., 2, 181-184.
  • Kawahara S., Takenoyama S., Takuma K., Muguruma M., Yamauchi K., 2009. Effects of dietary supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid on fatty acid composition and lipid oxidation in chicken breast meat. Anim. Sci. J., 80, 468-474.
  • Kim J.H., Jeong W.S., Kim I.H., Kim H.J., Kim S.H., Kang G.H., Lee H.G., Yoon H.G., Ham H.J., Kim Y.J., 2009. Effect of an oil byproduct from conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) purification on CLA accumulation and lipogenic gene expression in broilers J. Agr. Food Chem., 57, 2397-2404.
  • Matyka S., 1976. Rutynowa metoda oznaczania składu i zawartości kwasów tłuszczowych w mieszankach i komponentach paszowych. Biul. Inf. Przem. Pasz., 15, 38-46.
  • Pariza M.W., Park Y., Cook M.E., Albright K.J., Liu W., 2001. The biologically active isomers of conjugated linoleic acid. Prog. Lipid Res., 40, 283-298.
  • Pariza M.W., 2004. Perspective on the safety and effectiveness of conjugated linoleic acid. Am. J. of Clin. Nutr., 79, 1132-1136.
  • Peiretti P.G., Mussa P.P., Meineri G., Peroma G., 2007. Apparent digestibility of mixed feed with increasing levels of false flax (Camelina sativa L.) seeds in rabbit diets. J. Food. Agric. Envi­ron., 5, 85-88.
  • Poureslami R., Raes K., Turchini, G.M., Huyghebaert G., De Smet S., 2010. Effect of diet, sex and age on fatty acid metabolism in broiler chickens: n-3 and n-6 PUFA. Brit. J., 104, 189-197.
  • Rokka T., Alen K., Valaja J., Ryhanen E.L., 2002. The effect of a Camelina sativa enriched diet on the composition and sensory quality of hen eggs. Food Res. Int., 35, 253-256.
  • Ryhanen E.L., Perttila, S., Tupasela, T., Valaja J., Eriksson Ch., Larkka K., 2007. Effect of Camelina sativa expeller cake on performance and meat quality of broilers. J. Sci. Food and Agric., 87,1489-1494.
  • Smulikowska S., Rutkowski A., 2005. Recommended Allowances and Nutritive Value of Feed-stuffs - Poultry Feeding Standars. 4th Edition. The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, PAS, Jabłonna, Poland (in Polish).
  • Suksombat W., Boonmee T., Loungwalan P., 2007. Effects of various level of conjugated linoleic acid supplementation on fatty acid content and carcass composition of broilers. Poultry Sci., 86, 318-324.
  • Szymczyk B., Pisulweski P., Szczurek W., Hanczakowski P., 2001. The effects of feeding conjugated linoleic acid on growth performance, feed conversion efficiency, and subsequent carcass quality in broiler chickens. Br. J. Nutr., 85, 465-473.
  • Zhang G.M., Wen J., Chen J.L., Zhao G.P., Zheng M.Q., Li W.J., 2007. Effect of conjugated linoleic acid on growth performances, carcase composition, plasma lipoprotein lipase activity and meat traits of chickens. Br. Poultry Sci., 48, 217—223.
  • Zubr J., 1993. New source of protein for laying hens. Feed Compounder, 23-25 April 1993.
Uwagi
PL
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-4a209734-896d-48a0-b633-fc3f340a9951
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