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2011 | 33 | 5 |
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Morpho-physiology and maize grain yield under periodic soil flooding in successive selection cycles

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Języki publikacji
This study was carried out to evaluate maize plants of different recurrent selection cycles of the variety (Zea mays L.—Saracura-BRS-4154) regarded to genetic gains, morphophysiology, and grain yield, achieved over the selection cycles under intermittent flooding of the soil. This variety has the capacity to survive and produce in temporarily flooded soils and was developed by the National Maize and Sorghum Research Center (EMBRAPA). The experiment was conducted in greenhouse by using ten alternating selection cycles (Cycle 1–18) and BR 107 a variety known for its susceptibility to flooding. The flooding initiated at six-leaf stage by applying 50 mm of water three times a week. At flowering, the following parameters were evaluated: rate of leaf photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, intercellular CO₂ concentration, transpiration rate, photosynthetically active leaf area, root porosity, relative chlorophyll content, grain yield, harvest index, ear length, and interval between male and female flowering. Yield as a function of root porosity and photosynthesis were also evaluated. An index was created in this study, in order to help the discussion of the characteristics evaluated, it was called ‘‘Relative Tolerance Value— RTV’’, only gaseous exchange measurements was not included in this index. By the way, it was observed throughout the selection cycles an increase in all gaseous exchange parameters, being the cycle 18, the one which presented the greatest averages. RTV for leaf area showed the greatest values for cycles 7 and 18, whereas root porosity, chlorophyll relative content, and harvest index, the greater RTV values were found in cycles 17 and 18. The largest grain yield RTV was observed in cycle 7, followed by cycles 13, 15, and 18. Flooding resulted in longer Anthesis-Silking Interval, especially for the first cycles. At flooding condition, grain yield was strongly related to root porosity (R² = 0.66). These results showed that the selection cycles of ‘‘Saracura’’ maize improved some morphophysiologic characters, which favor their survival in flooded environments, also resulting in higher productivity.
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  • Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Setor de Fisiologia Vegetal, Campus Universitario, Caixa Postal
  • Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Milho e Sorgo, Caixa Postal 151, Sete Lagoas, MG, CEP 35701-970, Brazil
  • Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Setor de Fisiologia Vegetal, Campus Universitario, Caixa Postal 37, Lavras, MG, CEP 37200-000, Brazil
  • Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Setor de Fisiologia Vegetal, Campus Universitario, Caixa Postal 37, Lavras, MG, CEP 37200-000, Brazil
  • Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Milho e Sorgo, Caixa Postal 151, Sete Lagoas, MG, CEP 35701-970, Brazil
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