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2010 | 55 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Two swallow species from the early Pliocene of Langebaanweg (South Africa)

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Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The Varswater Formation of Langebaanweg at the west coast of South Africa is one of the few fossil sites in Africa dating from the early Pliocene (approx. 5 Mya) (Hendey 1981) and excels in being especially rich in well preserved, though generally isolated, bird remains. Rich (1980: 166) regarded this site as richest pre−Pleistocene bird bone accumulation in the world with at least 60 bird species representing among them penguins, tubenoses, parrots and mousebirds. Studies on seabirds, ibises and other taxa (Olson 1985a, b, 1994) indicated that the Pliocene avifauna is even more diverse than initially thought. Passerines are represented by at least nine species (Rich 1980), but no attempts have been made so far to identify these specimens below the subordinal level. The screening of previously unsorted and unidentified material excavated during the 1960s and 1970s at “E” Quarry, Langebaanweg, yielded several hundred remains of passerines. This sample included five fragmentary humeri that show the characteristics of swallows and martins (Hirundinidae), which are described herein.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
55
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.765-768,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, Sektion Ornithologie, Senckenberganlage 25, D-60325 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Bibliografia
  • Baumel, J.J. and Witmer, L.M. 1993. Osteologica. In: J.J. Baumel, A.S. King, J.E. Breazile, H.E. Evans, and J.C. Vanden Berge (eds.), Handbook of Avian Anatomy: Nomina Anatomica Avium, 2nd edition, 45–132. Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Emslie, S.D. 2007. Fossil passerines from the early Pliocene of Kansas and the evolution of songbirds in North America. Auk 124: 85–95.
  • Feduccia, A. 1967. A new swallow from the Fox Canyon local fauna (Upper Pliocene) of Kansas. Condor 69: 526–527.
  • Gaunt, A.S. 1969. Myology of the leg in swallows. Auk 86: 41–53.
  • Hendey, Q.B. 1981. Palaeoecology of the Late Tertiary fossil occurrences in the “E” Quarry, Langebaanweg, South Africa, and a reinterpretation of their geological context. Annals of the South African Museum 84: 1–104.
  • Hendey, Q.B. 1982. Langebaanweg—A Record of Past Life. 71 pp. South African Museum, Cape Town.
  • Lowe, P.R. 1938. Some anatomical notes on the genus Pseudochelidon Hartlaub with reference to its taxonomic position. Ibis 80: 429–437.
  • Manegold, A. 2010. First evidence for a nightjar (Caprimulgidae, Aves) in the early Pliocene of Langebaanweg, South Africa. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments 90: 163–168.
  • Mayr, E. and Bond, J. 1943. Notes on the generic classification of the swallows, Hirundinidae. Ibis 85: 334–341.
  • Olson, S.L. 1985a. Early Pliocene Procellariiformes (Aves) from Langebaanweg, south−western Province, South Africa. Annals of the South African Museum 95: 123–145.
  • Olson, S.L. 1985b. Early Pliocene ibises (Aves, Plataleidae) from south−western Cape Province, South Africa. Annals of the South African Museum 97: 57–69.
  • Olson, S.L. 1994. Early Pliocene grebes, button−quail, and kingfishers from southwestern Cape Province, South Africa (Aves: Podicipedidae, Turnicidae, Halcyonidae). Annals of the South African Museum 104: 49–61.
  • Pocock, T.N. 1970. Pleistocene bird fossils from Kromdraai and Sterkfontein. Ostrich 8 (Supplement): 1–6.
  • Rich, P.V. 1980. Preliminary report on the fossil avian remains from late Tertiary sediments at Langebaanweg (Cape Province), South Africa. South African Journal of Science 76: 166–170.
  • Sheldon, F.H., Whittingham, L.A. Moyle, R.G., Slikas, B., and Winkler, D.W. 2005. Phylogeny of swallows (Aves: Hirundinidae) estimated from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 254–270.
  • Turner, A. and Rose, C. 1989. A Handbook to the Swallows and Martins of the World. Christopher Helm, London.
  • Turner, A. 2004. Family Hirundinidae (swallows and martins). In: J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (eds.), Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 9. Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails, 602–685. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • von den Driesch, A. 1976. A guide to the measurement of animal bones from archaeological sites. Peabody Museum Bulletin 1: 1–137.
  • Winkler, D.W. and Sheldon, F.H. 1993. Evolution of nest construction in swallows (Hirundinidae): A molecular phylogenetic perspective. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 90: 5705–5707.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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