Utopie społeczno-urbanistyczne a planowanie miast
Social and urban utopias and city planning
The article describes the development of the ideas and the attempts of forming an ideal city by different authors in the successive different historic ages – from the Ancient Era to the contemporary times. This approach enables to seize the dynamics of the accumulation of knowledge and experience as well as the specific evolution of the approach to the social goals in spatial management. These goals seem to remain the same in its clue throughout the centuries; the scientific progress has been more concerned with the broadening of the instruments for their implementation. The article shows there has been a continuity of the reflections on the physical conditions for human happiness, for a good life in a good place that does not exist – as this is the etymological meaning of the word utopia. A detailed analysis usually enables to give emphasis on the originality of the views of individual authors or on being inspired by the predecessors. The article constitutes a voice in the discussion on the social role of the human studies in the material basis of the collective life of people, in the development of ‘innovativeness’ and creativity of practical solutions based on the knowledge about social life, its changes and their causes as well as about culture and identity.