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2016 | 15 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Physical activity and health

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Aktywność fizyczna a zdrowie
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Health is a condition of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of illness or disability. Health is not something one receives but something one has to work and strive towards. This presupposes active efforts from the individual, the family, and the community. In the chain of causative factors and pathological processes which can lead to illness, disability, and death, there are many links, some known and some unknown. Our resources and means must be applied at that point in the causative chain where the best prospects lie for reducing the incidence of illness, disability, and death. Diseases due lifestyle and environmental factors now dominate our health statistics. Material standards of living and personal philosophy of life bear a close relationship to the origin and development of these diseases. In that respect, regular physical activity is seen as an essential component in a lifestyle which itself is the basis for the health promoting idea. In our review we look into physical activity and its influence on health.
PL
Zdrowie to stan pełnego fizycznego, umysłowego i społecznego dobrostanu, a nie tylko brak choroby czy kalectwa. Nie jest to coś, co się dostaje, lecz coś, na co trzeba pracować i o co trzeba się starać. Implikuje to konieczność podejmowania aktywnych wysiłków przez pojedynczych ludzi, rodziny i społeczności. W łańcuchu czynników sprawczych i procesów patologicznych prowadzących do choroby, kalectwa i zgonu, jest wiele ogniw, znanych nam i nieznanych. Nasze wysiłki należy skoncentrować na tym punkcie owego łańcucha przyczynowego, w którym istnieją najlepiej rokujące perspektywy zmniejszenia prawdopodobieństwa zapadalności na choroby, zapobiegania kalectwu i zgonom. Chorobogenny styl życia i czynniki środowiskowe dominują obecnie w naszych statystykach zdrowotności. Materialne warunki życia i filozofia osobista leżą u podstaw powstawania i rozwoju chorób. Pod tym względem, regularna aktywność fizyczna uważana jest za podstawowy składnik stylu życia, będący podstawą idei promowania zdrowia. W artykule omówiono aktywność fizyczną i jej wpływ na zdrowie.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
15
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.67-74,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Institute of Physical Education and Sport, University of P.J.Safarik in Kosice, Kosice, Slovakia
autor
  • Institute of Physical Education and Sport, University of P.J.Safarik in Kosice, Kosice, Slovakia
  • Department of Pathological Physiology, University of P.J.Safarik in Kosice, Kosice, Slovakia
  • Faculty of Arts, Matej Bel University in Banska Bystrica, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia
Bibliografia
  • [1] Benjamin M. et al. (2006): Where tendons and ligaments meet bone: attachment sites (‘enthuses’) in relation to exercise and/or mechanical load. Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, Apr., 208, 4, pp. 471–490.
  • [2] Booth F.W et al. (2012): Lack of exercise is a major cause of chronic diseases. Compr Physiol., Apr., 2(2), pp. 1143–1211; http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cphy.c110025.
  • [3] Delfien V. et al. (2015): Relationship of the Perceived Social and Physical Environment with Mental Health-Related Quality of Life in Middle-Aged and Older Adults. Mediating Effects of Physical Activity, 10(3), e0120475, published online 2015 Mar 23; http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120475.
  • [4] Farmer J. et al. (2004): Effects of voluntary exercise on synaptic plasticity and gene expression in the dentate gyrus of adult male rats in vivo. Neuroscience, 124, 1, pp. 71–79.
  • [5] Hatta A., Nishihira Y., Hiqashiura T. (2013): Effects of a single bout of walking on psychophysiologic responses and executive function in elderly adults: a pilot study. Clin. Interv. Aging, 8, pp. 945–952.
  • [6] Howden E.J., et al. (2013): Effects of Exercise and Lifestyle Intervention on Cardiovascular Function in CKD. Clin J Am Soc. Nephrol., Sep., 8, 9, pp. 1494–1501.
  • [7] Joshua A.B. et al. (2015): Healthy obesity and objective physical activity. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., Aug., 102, 2, pp. 268–275.
  • [8] Lindsey B.D. et al. (2012): Exploring exercise as an avenue for the treatment of anxiety disorders. Expert. Rev. Neurother., Aug., 12, 8, pp. 1011–1022.
  • [9] Li Y et al. (2008): TrkB regulates hippocampal neurogenesis and governs sensitivity to anti-depressive treatment. Neuron., 59, 3, pp. 399–412.
  • [10] Kangas J.L. et al. (2015): Examining the Moderating Effect of Depressive Symptoms on the Relation Between Exercise and Self-Efficacy During the Initiation of Regular Exercise. Health Psychol., 34, 5, pp. 556–565.
  • [11] Nobrega A.C. et al. (2014): Neural Regulation of Cardiovascular Response to Exercise: Role of Central Command and Peripheral Afferent. Biomed Res Int., 478965.
  • [12] Pälve S.K. et al. (2014): Association of Physical Activity in Childhood and Early Adulthood With Carotid Artery Elasticity 21 Years Later: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. Am. Heart. Assoc. Apr., 3, 2, e000594.
  • [13] Roberts Ch.K. et al. (2014): Metabolic Syndrome and Insulin Resistance: Underlying Causes and Modification by Exercise Training. Compr Physiol. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2014 Aug 12. Compr. Physiol., Jan., 3, 1, pp. 1–58.
  • [14] Silverman M.N., Deuster P.A. (2014): Biological mechanisms underlying the role of physical fitness in health and resilience. Interface Focus., Oct., 4, 5, 20140040.
  • [15] Spirduso W., Francis K., MacRae P. (2005): Physical Dimension of Aging. 2nd Edition, pp. 384; ISBN 139780736033152.
  • [16] Sutherland R. et al. (2013): A cluster randomised trial of a school-based intervention to prevent decline in adolescent physical activity levels: study protocol for the ‘Physical Activity 4 Everyone’ trial. BMC Public Health. 13, 57; http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-57.
  • [17] Voss W.M. et al. (2013): Bridging animal and human models of exerciseinduced brain plasticity. Trend. Cog. Sci., Oct., 17(10), 525–5; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2013.08.001.
  • [18] Borde R. et al. (2015): Dose-Response Relationships of Resistance Training in Healthy Old Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine, 45(12), pp. 1693–1720; http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0385-9.
  • [19] Panilla G.F., Hillman Ch. (2013): The Influence of Exercise on Cognitive Abilities. Compr. Physiol., 1, pp. 403–428; http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cphy.c110063.
  • [20] Thijssen H.J. et al. (2009): Impact of inactivity and exercise on the vasculature in humans. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol., 108(5), pp. 845–875; http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1260-x.
  • [21] Hass L.T. et al. (2012): Exercise Training and Peripheral Arterial Disease. Compr. Physiol., 2 (4), pp. 2933–3017; http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cphy.c110065.
  • [22] Heran S.B, et al. (2011): Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for coronary heart disease. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev., 7: CD001800. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.
  • [23] Edwards T.R. et al. (2013): Public health economics: a systematic review of guidance for the economic evaluation of public health interventions and discussion of key methodological issues. BMC Public. Health., 13: 1001; http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-1001.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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