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2019 | 41 | 05 |
Tytuł artykułu

Selection of plant physiological parameters to detect stress effects in pot experiments using principal component analysis

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Appropriate selection and well-timed measurement of plant developmental, morphological and physiological parameters are essential to maximize efficacy and minimize time consumption of experiments. To select for the most sensitive indicators of drought or salt stress, three independent pot experiments with diverse setups were analysed with 20–20 measured parameters. Parameters of plant growth, phenology and symbiotic interactions, visual stress symptoms, photosynthetic activity, nutrient composition and vitality were studied and the result matrices were evaluated with principal component analysis (PCA). Stress effects manifested in PC1 of two experiments and in PC2 of the third one. Traits assumed to be adequate for stress indication were characterized by high PC1 or PC2 loading values. Beside parameters of biomass production, growth and visible stress symptoms, less evident traits e.g. root electrical capacitance, membrane stability index in roots and leaves, relative water content of leaves and SPAD units were identified.
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Article 56 [10p.], fig.,ref.
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  • Centre for Agricultural Research, Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Herman Otto Ut 15, Budapest 1022, Hungary
  • Centre for Agricultural Research, Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Herman Otto Ut 15, Budapest 1022, Hungary
  • Deptartment of Plant Physiology and Molecular Plant Biology, Eötvos Lorand University, Pazmany Peter setany 1/c, Budapest 1117, Hungary
  • Centre for Agricultural Research, Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Herman Otto Ut 15, Budapest 1022, Hungary
  • Centre for Agricultural Research, Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Herman Otto Ut 15, Budapest 1022, Hungary
  • Centre for Agricultural Research, Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Herman Otto Ut 15, Budapest 1022, Hungary
  • Centre for Agricultural Research, Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Herman Otto Ut 15, Budapest 1022, Hungary
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