Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników


2017 | 78 |

Tytuł artykułu

The direct and indirect effect of fire on radial growth of Pinus koraiensis trees in a northern temperate forest of China


Treść / Zawartość

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



The long-term effects of fire on the radial growth of Korean pines (Pinus koraiensis) in Changbai Mountain is poorly understood. In order to quantify the impact of fire on the radial growth of Korean pines, we measured ring widths and developed two tree-ring chronologies from 21 burned Korean pine trees that were damaged by fire in 1857 as well as 30 control trees in the Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve, China. As expected, the growth rates of the burned trees were slower than those of the control trees in the first five years following the fire. However, beginning six years after the fire, the growth of the burned trees increased considerably, and this period of increased growth lasted 13 years, with moderate growth occurring throughout the 1866 to 1871 period. A difference in growth rates between burned and control tress was also observed for the 20 years since temperatures began markedly increasing in 1980. Burned trees tended to respond negatively to monthly minimum temperature, precipitation, and vapor pressure deficits (VPD), whereas the positive relationship between those factors and radial growth of control trees became stronger. In addition, the significantly negative effect of competition on radial growth was only observed among burned trees. These results demonstrated that the negative and direct effect of damage to physiological plant processes by fire only affected the years shortly after a fire occurred and then became obscured by its indirect effects, such as differential responses to climate and competition, which did persist for a long time. The indirect effect on radial growth over time could be explained by the variability in the relative strength of climatic responses and competition caused by fire.

Słowa kluczowe







Opis fizyczny




  • Andreu L, Gutiérrez E, Macias M, Ribas M, Bosch O & Camarero JJ (2007) Climate increases regional tree-growth variability in Iberian pine forests. Global Change Biology13: 804–815.
  • Arno SF & Sneck KM (1977) A method for determining fire history in coniferous forests of the Mountain West. General Technical Report INT-42. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, Utah.
  • Bakker JD (2005) A new, proportional method for reconstructing historical tree diameters. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35: 2515–2520.
  • Bergeron Y & Archambault S (1993) Decreasing frequency of forest fires in the southern boreal zone of Québec and its relation to global warming since the end of the ‘Little Ice Age’. Holocene 3: 255–259.
  • Bergeron Y & Harvey B (1997) Basing silviculture on natural ecosystem dynamics: an approach applied to the southern boreal mixed wood forest of Quebec. Forest Ecology and Management 92: 235–242.
  • Bergeron Y, Gauthier S, Kafka V, Lefort P & Lesieur D (2001) Natural fire frequency for the eastern Canadian boreal forest: consequences for sustainable forestry. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31: 384–391.
  • Bergeron Y, Harvey B, Leduc A & Gauthier S (1999a) Forest management guidelines based on natural disturbance dynamics: stand- and forest-level considerations. Forestry Chronicle 75: 49–54.
  • Bergeron Y, Richard PJH, Carcaillet C, Gauthier S, Flannigan M & Prairie Y (1999b) Variability in fire frequency and forest composition in Canada’s southeastern boreal forest: a challenge for sustainable forest management. Conservation Ecology. 12. Article 6.
  • Biondi F & Waikul K (2004) DENDROCLIM2002: A C++ program for statistical calibration of climate signals in tree-ring chronologies. Computer & Geoscience 30: 303–311.
  • Briffa KR (1984) Tree-climate relationships and dendroclimatological reconstruction in the British Isles. Dissertation, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
  • Briffa KR, Wigley TML & Jones PD (1987) Standardization and the preparation of chronology: some contrasting approaches: Methods of dendrochronology I (ed. by L Kairiukstis, Z Bednarz & E Feliksik) Proceedings of the Task Force Meeting on Methodology of Dendrochronology East/West Approaches, 2–6 June 1986, Krakow, Poland, pp. 69–86.
  • Carrer M, Anfodillo T, Urbinati C & Carraro V (1998) High-altitude forest sensitivity to global warming: results from long-term and short-term analyses in the Eastern Italian Alps: The impacts of climate variability on forests (ed. by M Beniston & JL Innes) Lecture notes in earth sciences, 74. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, New York, pp. 171–189.
  • Certini G (2005) Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review. Oecologia 143: 1–10.
  • Clements FE (1910) The life history of lodgepole burn forests. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Bulletin.
  • Colombaroli D, Henne PD, Kaltenrieder P, Gobet E & Tinner W (2010) Species responses to fire, climate and human impact at tree line in the Alps as evidenced by palaeo-environmental records and a dynamic simulation model. Journal of Ecology 98: 1346–1357.
  • Cook ER (1985) A time series analysis approach to tree-ring standardization. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson.
  • Cook ER, Shiyatov S & Mazepa V (1990) Estimation of the mean chronology: Methods of dendrochronology (ed. by ER Cook & LA Kairiukstis) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.
  • Damesin C, Ceschia E, Le Goff N, Ottorini JM & Dufrêne E (2002) Stem and branch respiration of beech: from tree measurements to estimations at the stand level. New Phytologist 153: 159–172.
  • Daniels RF (1976) Simple competition indices and their correlation with annual loblolly pine tree growth. Forestry Sciences 22: 454–456.
  • Duncan RP (1989) An evaluation of errors in tree age estimates based on increment cores in kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides). New Zealand Natural Sciences 16: 31–37.
  • Elliott KJ, Vose JM & Clinton BD (2002)Growth of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) related to forest floor consumption by prescribed fire in the southern Appalachians. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 26: 18–25.
  • Gadow K & Hui GY (1999) Modelling forest development. Forestry Sciences 57.
  • Gao LS, Wang XM & Zhao XH (2011) Response of Pinus koraiensis and Picea jezoensis var. komarovii to climate in the transition zone of Changbai Mountain, China. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology 35: 27–34.
  • Liu L & Ge J (2003) Effects of fire disturbance on the forest structure and succession in the natural broad-leaved/Korean pine forest. Journal of Forestry Research 14: 269–274.
  • Gonzalez-Rosales A & Rodriguez-Trejo DA (2004) Effect of crown scorch on diameter growth of Pinus hartwegii Lindl. at the Distrito Federal, Mexico. Agrociencia 38: 537–544.
  • González-Tagle MA, Schwendenmann L, Pérez JJ & Schulz R (2008) Forest structure and woody plant species composition along a fire chronosequence in mixed pine–oak forest in the Sierra Madre Oriental, Northeast Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management 256: 161–167.
  • Grady LW & Conrad JB (2001) Changing plant life of La Frontera: observations on vegetation in the U.S./Mexico borderlands. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
  • Grissino-Mayer HD (2001) Evaluating crossdating accuracy: A manual and tutorial for the computer program COFECHA. Tree Ring Research 57: 205–221.
  • Hoffmann WA (2002) Direct and indirect effects of fire on radial growth of cerrado savanna trees. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18: 137–142.
  • Hunt SM & Simpson JA (1985) Effects of low intensity prescribed fire on the growth and nutrition of slash pine plantation. Australian Forest Research 15: 67–77.
  • Keeling EG & Sala A (2012) Changing growth response to wildfire in old-growth ponderosa pine trees in montane forests of north central Idaho. Global Change Biology 18: 1117–1126.
  • Kummerow J & Lantz RK (1983) Effect of fire on fine root density in red shank (Adenostoma sparsifolium Torr.) chaparral. Plant and Soil 70: 347–352.
  • Latham P & Tappeiner J (2002) Response of old-growth conifers to reduction in stand density in western Oregon forests. Tree Physiology 22: 137–146.
  • Liu H (1993) Influence of fire on korean pine and scots pine trees in plantation. Journal of Northeast Forestry University 4: 11–17.
  • Lious T (1955) Illustrated flora of ligneous plants of Northeast China. Beijing Science Press.
  • McInnis LM, Oswald BP, Williams HM, Farrish KW & Unger DR (2004) Growth response of Pinus taeda L. to herbicide, prescribed fire, and fertilizer. Forest Ecology and Management 199: 231–242.
  • Mutch LS & Swetnam TW (1995) Effects of fire severity and climate on ring-width growth of giant sequoia after burning. Proceedings: Symposium on Fire in Wilderness and Park Management, Forest Service General Technical Report Intermountain 320: 241–246.
  • Nowacki GJ & Abrams MD (1997) Radial-growth averaging criteria for reconstructing disturbance histories from presettlement-origin oaks. Ecological Monographs 67: 225–249.
  • Pearson HA, Davis JR & Schubert GH (1972) Effects of wildfire on timber and forage production in Arizona. Journal of Range Management 25: 250–253.
  • Peterson DL & Arbaugh MJ (1989) Estimating postfire survival of Douglas-fir in the Cascade Range. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19: 530–533.
  • Peterson DL, Arbaugh MJ, Pollock GH & Robinson LJ (1991) Postfire growth of Pseudotsuga menziesii and Pinus contorta in Northern Rocky Mountains, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire 1: 63–71.
  • Py C, Bauer J, Weisberg PJ & Biondi F (2006) Radial growth responses of singleleaf pinyon (Pinus monophylla) to wildfire. Dendrochronologia 24: 39–46.
  • Ren GY, Guo J, Xu MZ, Chu ZY, Zhang L, Zou XK, Li QX & Liu XN (2005) Climate changes of China’s mainland over the past half century. Acta Meteorologica Sinica 63: 942–956.
  • Riegel GM, Miller RF & Krueger WC (1992) Competition for resources between understory vegetation and overstory Pinus ponderosa in Northeastern Oregon. Ecological Applications 2: 71–85.
  • Rozas V , Pérez-de-Lis G , García-González I & Arévalo JR (2011) Contrasting effects of wildfire and climate on radial growth of Pinus canariensis on windward and leeward slopes on Tenerife, Canary Islands. Trees 25: 895–905.
  • Ryan KC & Frandsen WH (1991) Basal injury from smoldering fires in mature Pinus ponderosa Laws. International Journal of Wildland Fire 1: 107–118.
  • Ryan KC & Reinhardt ED (1988) Predicting postfire mortality of seven western conifers. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18: 1291–1297.
  • Shao XM & Wu XD (1997) Reconstruction of climate change on Changbai Mountain, northeast China using tree-ring data. Quaternary Sciences 7: 76–85.
  • Skov KR, Kolb TE & Wallin KF (2004) Tree size and drought affect ponderosa pine physiological response to thinning and burning treatments. Forestry Science 50: 81–91.
  • Souza AF (2007) Ecological interpretation of multiple population size structures in trees: the case of Araucaria angustifolia in South America. Austral Ecology 32: 524–533.
  • Stokes MA & Smiley TL (1968) An introduction to tree-ring dating. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Stone R (2010) Is China’s riskiest volcano stirring or merely biding its time? Science 329: 498–499.
  • Swetnam TW, Baisan CH, Caprio AC, Touchan R & Brown PM (1992) Tree-ring reconstruction of giant sequoia fire regimes. Final Report to Sequoia and Kings Canyon and Yosemite National Parks, Cooperative Agreement DOI 8018-1-0002. Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, Tucson.
  • Valor T, Piqué M, López & González-Olabarria JR (2013) Influence of tree size, reduced competition, and climate on the growth response of Pinus nigra Arn. salzmannii after fire. Annuals of Forest Science 70: 503–513.
  • Van Sickle FS & Hickman RD (1959) The effect of understory competition on the growth rate of ponderosa pine in northcentral Oregon. Journal of Forestry 57: 852–853.
  • Wang H, Shao XM, Fang XQ, Yin ZY, Chen L, Zhao DS & Wu SH (2011) Responses of Pinus koraiensis tree ring cell scale parameters to climate elements in Changbai Mountain. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology 22: 2643–2652.
  • Wang H, Shao XM, Jiang Y, Fang XQ, Wu SL (2013) The impacts of climate change on the radial growth of Pinus koraiensis along elevations of Changbai Mountain in northeastern China. Forest Ecology and Management 289: 333–340.
  • Wang SW, Cai JN, Zhu JH & Gong DY (2002) Studies on climate change in China. Climatic and Environmental Research 7: 137–145.
  • Wang XC & Zhao YF (2011) Growth release determination and interpretation of Korean pine and Koyama spruce in Shengshan National Nature Reserve,Heilongjiang Province,China. Acta Ecologica Sinica 31: 1230–1239.
  • Wang XG, Li XZ, Kong FH, Li Y, Shi B & Gao Z (2003) Model of vegetation restoration under natural regeneration and human interference in the burned area of northern Daxin’anling. Chinese Journal of Ecology 22: 30–34.
  • Wang YT, Kan ZG & Chen Y (2007) Dynamics of biomass and productivity in the natural restoration progress of the Pinus densata burned areas in western Sichuan province. Forestry Science and Technology 32: 82–94.
  • Warren CR (2008) Soil water deficits decrease the internal conductance to CO2 transfer but atmospheric water deficits do not. Journal of Experimental Botany 59: 327–334.
  • Wigley TML, Briffa KR & Jones PD (1984) On the average value of correlated time series, with applications in dendroclimatology and hydrometeorology. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology 23: 201–213.
  • Wooldridge DD & Weaver H (1965) Some effects of thinning a ponderosa pine thicket with a prescribed fire, II. Journal of Forestry 63: 92–95.
  • Wu XD (1990) Tree-ring and climate change. Meteorology Publisher, Beijing.
  • Yang SC, Liu XT, Cao HB & Guo B (1998) Vegetation change on burn blank in Daxing’anling forest areas. Journal of Northeast Forestry University 26: 19–23.
  • Yu DP, Gu HY, Wang JD, Wang QL& Dai LM (2005) Relationships of climate change and tree ring of Betula ermanii tree line forest in Changbai Mountain. Journal of Forestry Research 16: 187–192.
  • Yu D, Wang Q, Wang Y, Zhou W, Ding H, Fang X, Jiang S & Dai L (2011) Climatic effects on radial growth of major tree species on Changbai Mountain. Annals of Forest Science 68: 921–933.

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.