Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2018 | 27 | 6 |

Tytuł artykułu

HLs vs. MCPA: Which is better for the uptake of Ca, Mg, and Fe by Hordeum vulgare L.


Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



The aim of this study is to examine the effect of spraying two commercially available MCPA (4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid) formulations as a salt (Chwastox Extra 300 SL), as an ester (Chwastox AS 600 EC), and as two herbicidal ionic liquid (HIL) forms of MCPA – namely Ethoquad O-12 (ETQ-O12) and didecyldimethylammonium (DDA, a cation), and MCPA (an anion) – on the uptake of Ca, Mg, and Fe by spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). The total elemental contents of the aboveground parts of the spring barley were measured using FAAS (Varian AA240FS) 24 h and 72 h after fields were sprayed and compared with untreated plants. The field studies revealed lower contents of Ca, Mg, and Fe in the material after use of the commercial formulation compared to HILs. The greatest reduction in the uptake of macroelements was observed after using MCPA as a salt; the reduction amounted to 28% for Fe and 14% Mg, while for Ca it was 10%, but for Mg the differences between treatments were not significant in any case. The greatest drops in the uptake of the reference macroelements were observed for Chwastox 300 SL

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Poznan, Poland


  • 1. ZIMMERMAN P.W., HITCHCOCK A.E. Substituted phenoxy and benzoic acid growth substances and the relation of structure to physiological activity. Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 12, 321, 1942.
  • 2. SLADE R.E., TEMPLEMAN W.G., SEXTON W.A. Plant growth substances as selective weed killers. Nature (London). 155, 497, 1945.
  • 3. TOMLIN C.D.S. The Pesticide Manual, a World Compendium, 15th ed.; British Crop protection Council: Alton, Hampshire, 2009.
  • 4. CHEN L., QUAN Y., LI Z., SONG Y. Elution Efficiency of Herbicides Polluted Soil Samples. Adv. Mat. Res. 750, 1254, 2013.
  • 5. KAH M., BROWN C.D. Adsorption of Ionisable Pesticides in Soils. Rev. Environ. Contam. Toxicol 188, 149, 2006.
  • 6. KOBYŁECKA J., SKIBA E. The Effect of Phenoxyacetic Herbicides on the Uptake of Copper, Zinc and Manganese by Triticum Aestivum L. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 17 (6), 895, 2008.
  • 7. GROBELA M. Differences in the uptake of Mn, Zn and Cu by Hordeum vulgare L. following applications of using MCPA-based herbicides and their ionic liquid forms. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 25 (5), 1931, 2016.
  • 8. GROBELA M. Differences in uptake of Mn by Sinapsis alba L. and Triticum aestivum L. after using glyphosate and MCPA-based pesticides and the selected herbicidal ionic liquids. Prog. Plant. Prot. 56 (3), 312, 2016.
  • 9. EKER S., OZTURK L., YAZICI A., ERENOGLU B., ROMHELD V., CAKMAK I. Foliar-Applied Glyphosate Substantially Reduced Uptake and Transport of Iron and Manganese in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Plants. Agric. Food Chem. 54, 10019, 2006.
  • 10. LANE M., LORENZ N., SAXENA J., RAMSIER C., DICK R.P. The effect of glyphosate on soil microbial activity, microbial community structure, and soil potassium. Pedobiologia 55, 335, 2012.
  • 11. BOTT S., TESFAMARIAM T., CANDAN H., CAKMAK I., ROMHELD V., NEUMANN G. Glyphosate-induced impairment of plant Growth and micronutrient status in glyphosate-resistant soyabean (Glycine max L.). Plant Soil 312, 185, 2008.
  • 12. CAETANO M.S., RAMALHO T.C., BORTEL D.F., CUNHA E., MELLO W.C. Understanding the Inactivation Process of Organophosphorus Herbicides: A DFT Study of glyphosate Metallic Complexes with Zn²⁺, Ca²⁺, Mg²⁺, Cu²⁺, Co³⁺, Fe³⁺, Cr³⁺ and Al³⁺. Int. Journal of Quant. Chem. 112, 2752, 2012.
  • 13. KRÄMER U., TALKE I.N., HANIKENNE M. Transition metal transport. FEBS Letters 581 (12), 2263, 2007.
  • 14. JADIA C.D., FULEKAR M.H. Phytoremediation of heavy metals: Recent techniques. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 8 (6), 921, 2009.
  • 15. EFSA; Directive 2009/128/EC; Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 0001:0050:EN:PDF.
  • 16. HOUGH W.L. SMIGLAK M., RODRÍGUEZ H., SWATLOSKI R.P., SPEAR S.K., DALY D.T., PERNAK J., GRISEL J.E., CARLISS R.D., SOUTULLO M.D., DAVIS JR. J.H., ROGERS R.D. The third evolution of ionic liquids: Active pharmaceutical ingredients. New J. Chem. 31 (8), 1429, 2007.
  • 17. PERNAK J., SYGUDA A., JANISZEWSKA D., MATERNA K., PRACZYK T. Ionic liquids with herbicidal anions. Tetrahedron 67, 4838, 2011.
  • 18. Shamshina J.L., Kelley S.P., Gurau G., Rogers R.D. Chemistry: Develop ionic liquid drugs. Nature 528 (7581), 188, 2015.
  • 19. PERNAK J., SYGUDA A., MATERNA K., JANUS E., KARDASZ P., PRACZYK T. 2,4-D based herbicidal ionic liquids. Tetrahedron 68, 4267, 2012.
  • 20. PRACZYK T., KARDASZ P., JAKUBIAK E., SYGUDA A., MATERNA K., PERNAK J. Herbicidal ionic liquids with 2,4-D. Weed Sci. 60 (2), 189, 2012.
  • 21. KORDALA-MARKIEWICZ R., RODAK H., MARKIEWICZ B., WALKIEWICZ F., SZNAJDROWSKA A., MATERNA K., MARCINKOWSKA K., PRACZYK T., PERNAK J. Phenoxy herbicidal ammonium ionic liquids. Tetrahedron 70, 4784, 2014.
  • 22. NIEMCZAK M., GISZTER R., CZERNIAK K., MARCINKOWSKA K., WALKIEWICZ F. Bis(ammonium) ionic liquids with herbicidal anions. RSC Adv. , (20), 15487, 2015.
  • 23. COJOCARU O.A., SHAMSHINA J.L., GURAU G., SYGUDA A., PRACZYK T., PERNAK J., ROGERS R.D. Ionic liquid forms of the herbicide dicamba with increased efficacy and reduced volatility. Green Chem. 15, 2110, 2013.
  • 24. DING G., LIU Y., WANG B., PUNYAPITAK D., GUO M., DUAN Y., LI J., CAO Y. Preparation and characterization of fomesafen ionic liquids for reducing the risk to the aquatic environment. New J. Chem. 38, 5590, 2014.
  • 25. PERNAK J., NIEMCZAK M., GISZTER R., SHAMSHINA J.L., GURAU G., COJOCARU O.A., PRACZYK T., MARCINKOWSKA K., ROGERS R.D. Glyphosatebased herbicidal ionic liquids with increased efficacy. ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2 (12), 2845, 2014.
  • 26. PERNAK J. NIEMCZYK M., ZAKROCKA K., PRACZYK T. Herbicidal ionic liquid with dual-function. Tetrahedron 69, 8132, 2013.
  • 27. ŁAWNICZAK Ł, SYGUDA A., BORKOWSKI A., CYPLIK P., MARCINKOWSKA K., WOLKO Ł., PRACZYK T., CHRZANOWSKI Ł., PERNAK J. Influence of oligomeric herbicidal ionic liquids with MCPA and Dicamba anions on the community structure of autochthonic bacteria present in agricultural soil. Sci. Total Environ. 563, 247, 2016.
  • 28. PASZKO T. Degradation of MCPA in Soil Horizons of Polish Agricultural Soils. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 18 (6), 1083, 2009.
  • 29. R CORE TEAM: R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, 2016 URL
  • 30. BATES D., MAECHLER M., BOLKER B., WALKER S. Fitting Linear Mixed-Effects Models Using lme4. J. Stat. Soft. 67, 1, 2015.
  • 31. LENTH R.V. Least-Squares Means: The R Package lsmeans. J. Stat. Soft. 69, 1, 2016.
  • 32. h t t p : // w w w. g i o s . g o v. p l /c h e m i z m _ g l e b / i n d e x .php?mod=wyniki&cz=F.
  • 33. KABATA-PENDIAS A., PENDIAS H. Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, 2nd ed; PWN: Warsaw, 1 1999 [In Polish].
  • 34. KOBYŁECKA J., PTASZYNSKI B., ROGACZEWSKI R., TUREK A. Phenoxyalkanoic acid complexes. Part I. Complexes of lead(II), cadmium(II) and copper(II) with 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA). Thermochimica Acta 407, 25, 2003.
  • 35. KOBYŁECKA J., TUREK A., SIEROŃ L. Phenoxyalkanoic acid complexes. Part II. Complexes of selected bivalent metals with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4D) and 2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)propionic acid (2,4DP). Thermochimica Acta 482, 49, 2009.

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.