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2019 | 72 | 2 |
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Agronomic biofortification as a means of enriching plant foodstuffs with iodine

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Biofortyfikacja agronomiczna sposobem na wzbogacenie żywności pochodzenia roślinnego jodem
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Iodine is indispensable in the diet of humans and other mammals and iodine deficiencies cause serious illnesses. The content of iodine in food (with the exception of marine foodstuffs) does not meet the nutritional needs of humans, and for this reason prophylactic iodination of salt is currently carried out in many countries. Biofortification of plants with iodine can become a widespread, alternative means of supplying iodine-rich foods. In the present study, we discuss the main issues related to the cultivation of plants enriched with iodine. We describe the effect of various forms of iodine fertilizer on crops, such as natural iodine sources, organic iodine, iodate and iodide salts, as well as ways of biofortifying crops: fertigation, foliar and soil application, and by hydroponics. Effective biofortification of plants with iodine increases its concentration to levels corresponding to human nutritional requirements whilst preserving the desirable eating qualities of the plants. Because each species reacts in a specific manner to a particular chemical form of iodine application, fertilization and cultivation methods, and other conditions, the development of proper cultivation technologies is essential to bring about widespread biofortification with iodine.
PL
Jod jest niezbędnym składnikiem diety człowieka i innych ssaków, a jego niedobory są przyczyną wielu poważnych schorzeń. Zawartość jodu w żywności (za wyjątkiem żywności pochodzenia morskiego) nie zaspokaja potrzeb żywieniowych człowieka, dlatego w wielu krajach profilaktycznie prowadzi się jodowanie soli kuchennej. Biofortyfikacja roślin w jod może stać się powszechnym, alternatywnym sposobem dostarczenia bogatej w ten składnik żywności. W prezentowanej pracy na podstawie literatury przedmiotu przedstawiono główne problemy związane z uprawą roślin wzbogaconych w jod. Omówiono wpływ nawożenia roślin różnymi formami jodu (jod organiczny, sole jodu – jodan i jodek) stosowanych dolistnie i dokorzeniowo w uprawach polowych i hydroponicznych. Zwrócono uwagę na skuteczność biofortyfikacji roślin w jod, która nie tylko powinna zwiększyć stężenie tego pierwiastka do wartości odpowiadających potrzebom żywieniowym człowieka, ale powinna również zapewnić wysoką jakość konsumpcyjną roślin. Ponieważ każdy gatunek reaguje specyficznie na formę chemiczną jodu i sposoby jego aplikacji, kluczowe dla upowszechnienia biofortyfikacji roślin w jod jest opracowanie szczegółowych technologii uprawy w warunkach biofortyfikacji jodem.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
72
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
Article: 1766 [9 p.], ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Biotechnology, Human Nutrition and Science of Food Commodities, Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Skromna 8, 20-704 Lublin, Poland
autor
  • Institute of Plant Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agrobioengineering, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
  • Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Leszczynskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
autor
  • Department of Plant Physiology, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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