Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 36 | 11 |

Tytuł artykułu

Rising atmospheric CO2 may affect oil quality and seed yield of sunflower (Helianthus annus L.)

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



The impact of rising atmospheric CO₂ on crop productivity and quality is very important for global food and nutritional security under the changing climatic scenario. A study was conducted to investigate the effect of elevated CO₂ on seed oil quality and yield in a sunflower hybrid DRSH 1 and variety DRSF 113, raised inside open top chambers and exposed to elevated CO₂ (550 ± 50 µl⁻¹). Elevated CO₂ exposure significantly influenced the rate of photosynthesis, seed yield and the quality traits in both hybrid and variety. Plants grown under elevated CO₂ concentration showed 61–68 % gain in biomass and 35–46 % increase in seed yield of both the genotypes, but mineral nutrient and protein concentration decreased in the seeds. The reduction in seed protein was up to 13 %, while macro and micronutrients decreased drastically (up to 43 % Na in hybrid seeds) under elevated CO₂ treatment. However, oil content increased significantly in DRSF 113 (15 %). Carbohydrate seed reserves increased with similar magnitudes in both the genotypes under elevated CO₂ treatment (13 %). Fatty acid composition in seed oil contained higher proportion of unsaturated fatty acids (oleic and linoleic acid) under elevated CO₂ treatment, which is a desirable change in oil quality for human consumption. These findings conclude that rising atmospheric CO₂ in changing future climate can enhance biomass production and seed yield in sunflower and alter their seed oil quality in terms of increased concentration of unsaturated fatty acids compared with saturated fatty acids and lower seed proteins and mineral nutrients.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Division of Plant Physiology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India
  • Division of Plant Physiology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India
  • Division of Plant Physiology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India
  • Division of Plant Physiology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India
  • Division of Plant Physiology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India
  • Division of Plant Physiology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India


  • Agrawal PK, Dadlani M (1995) Techniques in seed science and technology, 2nd edn. South Asian Publishers, New Delhi, pp 109–113
  • Ainsworth EA, Leakey ADB, Ort DR, Long SP (2008) FACE-ing the facts: inconsistencies and interdependence among field, chamber and modeling studies of elevated (CO₂) impacts on crop yield and food supply. New Phytol 179:5–9
  • Annual report (2012–13) Directorate of Oilseed Research (DOR), Hyderabad, India.
  • Bhargava BS, Raghupathi HB (1993) Analysis of plant materials for macro- and micronutrients. In: Tandon HLS (ed) Methods of analysis of soils, plants water and fertilizers. Fertilization Development Consultation Organization, New Delhi, pp 49–82
  • Bloom AJ, Burger M, Asensio JSR, Cousins AB (2010) Carbon dioxide enrichment inhibits nitrate assimilation in wheat and Arabidopsis. Science 328:899–902
  • Byfield G, Upchurch RG (2007) Effect of temperature on microsomal omega-3 linoleate desaturase gene expression and linolenic acid content in developing soybean seeds. Crop Sci 47:2445–2452
  • Chen C, Setter TL (2012) Response of potato dry matter assimilation and partitioning to elevated CO₂ at various stages of tuber initiation and growth. Environ Exp Bot 80:27–34
  • Cheng W, Sakai H, Yagi K, Hasegawa T (2009) Interactions of elevated (CO₂) and night temperature on rice growth and yield. Agri For Meteorol 149:51–58
  • DaMatta FM, Grandis A, Arenque BC, Buckeridge MS (2010) Impacts of climate change on crop physiology and food quality. Food Res Int 43:1814–1823
  • Fernando N, Panozzo J, Tausz M, Norton R, Fitzgerald G, Seneweera S (2012) Rising atmospheric CO₂ concentration affects mineral nutrient and protein concentration of wheat grain. Food Chem 133:1307–1311
  • Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (2007) 2005–2006 FAO Statistical year book vol1 and 2. (Online). Available at (verified 1 June 2008)
  • Garcés R, Mancha M (1993) One-step lipid extraction and fatty acid methyl esters preparation from fresh plant tissues. Anal Biochem 211:139–143
  • Hao X, Gao J, Han X, Ma Z, Merchant A, Ju H, Li P, Yang W, Gao Z, Lin E (2014) Effects of open-air elevated atmospheric CO₂ concentration on yield quality of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr). Agri Ecosys Environ (in press),
  • Hay R, Porter J (2006) The physiology of crop yield, 2nd edn. Blackwell, Oxford
  • Hikosaka K, Kinugasa T, Oikawa S, Onoda Y, Hirose T (2011) Effects of elevated CO₂ concentration on seed production in C3 annual plants. J Exp Bot 62:1523–1530
  • Högy P, Wieser H, Köhler P, Schwadorf K, Breuer J, Erbs M, Weber S, Fangmeier A (2009a) Does elevated atmospheric CO₂ allow for sufficient wheat grain quality in the future? J Appl Bot Food Qual 82:114–121
  • Högy P, Wieser H, Köhler P, Schwadorf K, Breuer J, Franzaring J, Muntifering R, Fangmeier A (2009b) Effects of elevated CO₂ on grain yield and quality of wheat: results from a three-year FACE experiment. Plant Biol 11(1):60–69
  • Högy P, Franzaring J, Schwadorf K, Breuer J, Schütze W, Fangmeier A (2010) Effects of free-air CO₂ enrichment on energy traits and seed quality of oilseed rape. Agri Ecosys Environ 139:239–244
  • IPCC (2007) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
  • Izquierdo N, Aguirrezábal L, Andrade F, Cantarero M (2006) Modeling the response of fatty acid composition to temperature in a traditional sunflower hybrid. Agron J 98:451–461
  • Jablonski LM, Wang X, Curtis PS (2002) Plant reproduction under elevated CO₂ conditions: a meta-analysis of reports on 79 crop and wild species. New Phytol 156:9–26
  • Jackson WA, Flesher D, Hageman RH (1973) Nitrate uptake by dark brown corn seedlings: some characteristics of apparent induction. Plant Physiol 51:120–127
  • Jaggard KW, Qi A, Ober ES (2010) Possible changes to arable crop yields by 2050. Phil Trans Royal Soc B 365:2835–2851
  • Jain V, Pal M, Raj A, Khetarpal S (2007) Photosynthesis and nutrient composition of spinach and fenugreek grown under elevated carbon dioxide concentration. Biol Plant 51(3):559–562
  • Kimball BA, Kobayashi K, Bindi M (2002) Responses of agricultural crops free-air CO₂ enrichment. Advan Agron 77:293–368
  • King JW, List GR (1996) Supercritical fluid technology in oil and lipid chemistry. AOCS Press, Illinois
  • Kiriamiti HK, Rascol E, Marty A, Condoret JS (2002) Extraction rate of oil from high oleic sunflower seeds with supercritical carbon dioxide. Chem Eng Process 41:711–718
  • Leakey ADB, Ainsworth EA, Bernacchi CJ, Rogers A, Long SP, Ort DR (2009) Elevated CO₂ effects on plant carbon, nitrogen, and water relations: six important lessons from FACE. J Exp Bot 60:2859–2876
  • Li A, Hou Y, Trent A (2001) Effects of elevated atmospheric CO₂ and drought stress on individual grain filling rates and durations of the main stem in spring wheat. Agri Forest Metereol 106:289–301
  • Long SP, Ainsworth EA, Leakey ADB, Ort DR (2006) Food for thought: lower-than-expected crop yield stimulation with rising CO₂ conditions. Science 312:1918–1921
  • Miyagi KM, Kinugasa T, Hikosaka K, Hirose T (2007) Elevated CO₂ concentration, nitrogen use, and seed production in annual plants. Glob Change Biol 13:2161–2170
  • Monotti M (2004) Growing non-food sunfower in dry land conditions. Italian J Agron 8:3–8
  • Mukhopadhyay M (2000) Natural Extracts using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide. CRS Press LLC, Boca Raton
  • Pal M, Rao LS, Srivastava AC, Jain V, Sengupta UK (2003/4) Impact of CO₂ enrichment and variable nitrogen supplies on composition and partitioning of essential nutrients of wheat. Biol Plant 47:227–231
  • Pal M, Pandian VK, Jain V, Srivastava AC, Raj A, Sengupta UK (2004) Biomass production and nutritional levels of berseem (Trifolium alexandrium) grown under elevated CO₂. Agri Ecosys Environ 101:31–38
  • Pal M, Jagadish SVK, Craufard PQ, Fitzgerald M, Lafarge T, Wheeler TR (2012) Effect of elevated CO₂ and high temperature on seed set and grain quality of rice. J Exp Bot 63(10):3843–3852
  • Pérez P, Zita G, Morcuende R, Martínez-Carrasco R (2007) Elevated CO₂ and temperature differentially affect photosynthesis and resource allocation in flag and penultimate leaves of wheat. Photosynthetica 45(1):9–17
  • Pleijel H, Uddling J (2011) Yield vs quality trade-offs for wheat in response to carbon dioxide and ozone. Glob Change Biol 18:596–605
  • Saha S, Chakraborty D, Lata Pal M, Nagarajan S (2011) Impact of elevated CO₂ on utilization of soil moisture and associated soil biophysical parameters in pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.). Agri Ecosys Environ 142:213–221
  • Saha S, Sehgal VK, Nagarajan S, Pal M (2012) Impact of elevated atmospheric CO₂ on radiation utilization and related plant biophysical properties in pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.). Agri For Meteorol 158:63–70
  • Seneweera S (2011) Reduced nitrogen allocation to expanding blades suppresses ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase content in rice leaves. Environ Exp Bot 54:174–181
  • Shimono H, Bunce JA (2009) Acclimation of nitrogen uptake capacity of rice to elevated atmospheric CO₂ concentration. Ann Bot 103:87–94
  • Srivastava AC, Tiku AK, Pal M (2006) Nitrogen and carbon partitioning in soybean under variable nitrogen supplies and acclimation to the prolonged action of elevated CO₂. Acta Physiol Plant 28(2):181–188
  • Taub DR, Miller B, Allen H (2008) Effects of elevated CO₂ on the protein concentration of food crops: a meta-analysis. Glob Change Biol 14:565–575
  • Thomas JMG, Boote KJ, Allen LH, Gallo-Meagher M, Davis JM (2003) Elevated temperature and carbon dioxide effects on soybean seed composition and transcript abundance. Crop Sci 43:1548–1557
  • Tubiello TN, Fischer G (2007) Reducing climate change impacts on agriculture: global and regional effects of mitigation 2000-2080. Techno Forecast Soc Change 74:1030–1056
  • Uprety DC, Das R, Lutheria D, Barade PV, Dutt B (2007) Effects of elevated CO₂ and water stress on the seed quality in Brassica species. Physiol Mol Biol Plants 13:253–258
  • Uprety DC, Sen S, Dwivedi N (2010) Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide on grain quality in crop plants. Physiol Mol Biol Plants 16(3):215–227
  • Wieser H, Manderscheid R, Erbs M, Weigel HJ (2008) Effects of elevated atmospheric CO₂ concentrations on the quantitative protein composition of wheat grain. J Agric Food Chem 56:6531–6535

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.