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2013 | 69 | 03 |
Tytuł artykułu

Mechanizmy powstawania oporności bakterii na działanie antybiotyków i środków dezynfekujących

Warianty tytułu
EN
Mechanisms of the emergence of resistance against the action of antibiotics and disinfectants in bacteria
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
The definition of antibiotics and disinfectants (biocides) has been presented. Pre-existence of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria was mentioned. The ability of bacteria to develop antibiotic resistance was characterized. Different mechanisms by which a bacterial population can develop resistance to one antibiotic and simultaneously to several antibiotics have been defined. It was stressed that the most frequent mechanism responsible for the acquisition of antibiotic resistance by a bacterial cell is the occurrence of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) between a resistant bacterial strain and a susceptible one. Remarks concerning the selection of resistant bacteria against one or more antibiotics simultaneously were given. It was concluded that prudent use of antibiotics in veterinary medicine should be obligatory, because reducing the use of these drugs is very important in controlling antibiotic resistance in bacteria, including pathogens. In the second part of the paper the resistance of bacteria to disinfectants was described. It was demonstrated that the mechanisms of bacterial resistance between antibiotics and disinfectants differ: however, similarities also exist. As in case of disinfectants, prudent use was also advised.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
69
Numer
03
Opis fizyczny
s.131-135,bibliogr.
Twórcy
  • Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Al.Partyzantów 57, 24-100 Puławy
autor
  • Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Al.Partyzantów 57, 24-100 Puławy
autor
  • Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Al.Partyzantów 57, 24-100 Puławy
Bibliografia
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  • 17.Levy S. B.: Active efflux, a common mechanism for biocide and antibiotic resistance. J. Appl. Microbiol. 2002, 92, 65-71.
  • 18.Littlejohn T. G., Paulsen I. P., Gillespie M., Tennent J. M., Midgley M., Jones I. G., Purewal A. S., Skurray R. A.: Substrate specificity and energetics of antiseptic and disinfectant resistance in Staphylococcus aureus. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 1992, 95, 259-266.
  • 19.Maillard J.-Y.: Bacterial resistance to biocides in the health care environment: should it be of genuine concern? J. Hosp. Infect. 2007, 65, 60-72.
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  • 25.Nikaido H., Pagès J. M.: Broad-specificity efflux pumps and their role in multidrug resistance of Gram-negative bacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 2012, 36, 340-363.
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  • 29.Stokes H. W., Gillings M. R.: Gene flow, mobile genetic elements and the recruitment of antibiotic resistance genes into Gram-negative pathogens. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 2011, 35, 790-819.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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