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2012 | 42 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

The effect of polychlorinated biphenyls mixture (Aroclor 1254) on the embryonic development and hatching of Prussian carp, Carassius gibelio, and common carp, Cyprinus carpio (Actinopterygii: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae)

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent and bioacumulative chemical pollutants which exert negative physiological effects on the reproductive system of mature male and female fish. PCBs present in the aquatic environment may also have an influence on developing embryos. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Aroclor 1254, a polychlorinated biphenyls mixture, on the embryonic development of Prussian carp, Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782), and common carp, Cyprinus carpio L. Materials and Methods. The samples of eggs obtained from 4 females of each species were divided into two dishes and incubated separately after fertilization (common carp) or activation (Prussian carp) with common carp sperm. The incubation, with Aroclor 1254 (1 or 10 ng · mL–1) or in water with no PCB added, lasted for 4 days. The mortality, hatching rate, number of hatched larvae, and number of deformed larvae were observed. Results. After 24 h of incubation of Prussian carp and common carp eggs there were no significant differences in the percentage of living eggs between the Aroclor 1254 treated groups and the control one. The lowest tested concentration of PCB (1 ng · mL–1) accelerated the hatching of Prussian carp larvae at 75 h of incubation. The significant increase in the percentage of deformed larvae was observed only in the experiment with common carp eggs incubated with Aroclor 1254 at the concentration of 10 ng · mL–1. Conclusion. Results of the presented data showed that Aroclor 1254 (at tested concentrations) is not harmful for the development of activated Prussian carp eggs but teratogenic effect was observed in the case of common carp embryos.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
42
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.31–35,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Ichthyobiology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Spiczakowa 6, 30-199 Krakow-Mydlniki, Poland
  • Department of Ichthyobiology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
autor
  • Department of Ichthyobiology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
autor
  • Department of Ichthyobiology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
  • Department of Ichthyobiology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
autor
  • Department of Ichthyobiology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Coimbra A.M., Reis-Henriques M.A. 2007. Tilapia larvae Aroclor 1254 exposure: Effects on gonads and circulating thyroid hormones during adulthood. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 79 (5): 488–493.DOI: 10.1007/s00128-007-9288-2
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  • Heiden T.K., Carvan M.J., Hutz R.J. 2006. Inhibition of follicular development, vitellogenesis, and serum 17 beta-estradiol concentrations in zebrafish following chronic, sublethal dietary exposure to 2,3,7,8 –tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.Toxicological Sciences 90 (2): 490–499.DOI: 10.1093/toxsci/kfj085
  • Kester M.H.A., Bulduk S., Tibboel D., Meinl W., Glatt H.,Falany C.N., Coughtrie M.W.H., Bergman A., Safe S.H.,Kuiper G.G.J.M., Schuur A.G., Brouwer A., Visser T.J.2000. Potent inhibition of estrogen sulfotransferase by hydroxylated PCBmetabolites: A novel pathway explaining the estrogenie activity of PCBs. Endocrinology 141 (5): 1897–1900.DOI: 10.1210/en.141.5.1897
  • Khan I.A., Mathews S., Okuzawa K., Kagawa H., Thomas P.2001. Alterations in the GnRH–LH system in relation to gonadal stage and Aroclor 1254 exposure in Atlantic croaker.Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B:Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 129 (2–3): 251–159.DOI: 10.1016/S1096-4959(01)00318-9
  • Khan I.A., Thomas P. 2001. Disruption of neuroendocrine control of luteinizing hormone secretion by Aroclor 1254 involves inhibition of hypothalamic tryptophan hydroxylase activity. Biology of Reproduction 64 (3): 955–964.DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod64.3.955
  • Khan I.A., Thomas P. 2006. PCB congener—specific distribution of reproductive neuroendocrine function in Atlantic croaker. Marine Environmental Research 62 (Suppl. 1):S25–S28.DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2006.04.029
  • Kime D.E. 1999. Endocrine disruption in fish. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, USA.
  • Kudo S., Yazawa S. 1997. Binding of antibiotics to glycoproteins of the vitelline and fertilization envelopes of cherry salmon eggs. The Histochemical Journal 29 (8): 607–616.DOI: 10.1023/A:1026436311921
  • LeRoy K.D., Thomas P., Khan I.A. 2006. Thyroid hormone status of Atlantic croaker exposed to Aroclor 1254 and selected PCB congeners. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology and Pharmacology 144 (3): 263–271.DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpc.2006.09.005
  • Mac M.J., Schwartz T.R., Edsal C.C., Frank A.M. 1993.Polychlorinated biphenyls in Great Lakes lake trout and their eggs: Relation to survival and congener composition 1979–1988. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19 (4):752–765.
  • Mäenpää K.A., Penttinen O.-P., Kukkonen J.V.K. 2004.Pentachlorophenol (PCP) bioaccumulation and effect on heat production on salmon eggs at different stages of development.Aquatic Toxicology 68 (1): 75–85.DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2004.02.004
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  • Socha M., Sokołowska-Mikołajczyk M., Szczerbik P.,Mikołajczyk T., Chyb J., Duc M., Epler P. 2008a. Effect of Aroclor 1254 (PCB) on spontaneous and sGnRHa- stimulated LH secretion from male and female carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) pituitary gland. p. 142. In: Proceeding 6th International Symposium of Fish Endocrinology, Calgary 22–27 June 2008, Canada.
  • Socha M., Sokolowska-Mikolajczyk M., Szczerbik P., Chyb J.,Dietrich G., Kowalski R., Grabic R., Epler P. 2008b. The influence of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on komputer analysed spermmotility of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.)in vitro. Cybium 32 (Suppl. 2): 197.
  • Szczerbik P., Mikołajczyk T., Sokołowska-Mikołajczyk M.,Socha M., Chyb J., Epler P. 2008. The influence of cadmium on Prussian carp oocyte maturation, development of eggs and hatching. Czech Journal of Animal Science 53 (1):36–44.
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