Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 59 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Juvenile-only clusters and behaviour of the Early Cretaceous dinosaur Psittacosaurus

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
It has hitherto been hard to prove that any association of juvenile dinosaurs represents original behaviour rather than sedimentary accumulation, and it has been hard also to determine the ages of such juveniles. A previously described specimen, which consists of an “adult” Psittacosaurus with 34 fully articulated juveniles, turns out to be a composite: the “adult” skull probably has been added, and in any case it is below breeding age. Other juvenile-only clusters have been reported, but the best examples that likely reflect behaviour rather than sedimentary accumulation are specimens from the Early Cretaceous Lujiatun beds in NE China, which were entombed beneath pyroclastic flow deposits. A remarkable juvenile-only cluster of Psittacosaurus shows clear evidence of different ages (five 2-year olds and one 3-year old) based on bone histological analysis. These juveniles may have associated together as a close-knit, mixed-age herd either for protection, to enhance their foraging, or as putative helpers at the parental nest.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1RJ, U.K.
  • Key Laboratory of Evolutionary Systematics of Vertebrates, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 643, Beijing 100044, China
  • School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1RJ, U.K.
  • Key Laboratory of Evolutionary Systematics of Vertebrates, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 643, Beijing 100044, China
  • Division of Paleontology, Steinmann Institute, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat Bonn, Nussallee 8, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
  • Alexander, R.D. 1974. The evolution of social behavior. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 5: 325–383.
  • Amprino, R. 1947. La structure du tissu osseux envisagée comme expression de différences dans la vitesse de l’accroissement. Archives de Biologie 58: 315–330.
  • Castanet, J., Francillon-Vieillot, H., Meunier, F.J., and Ricqlès, A. de 1993. Bone and individual aging. In: B.K. Hall (ed.), Bone. Volume 7: Bone Growth B, 245–283. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
  • Chinsamy, A. 1995. Ontogenetic changes in the bone histology of the Late Jurassic ornithopod Dryosaurus lettowvorbecki. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 15: 96–104.
  • Chinsamy, A., Hanrahan, S.A., Neto, R.M., and Seely, M. 1995. Skeletochronological assessment of age in Angolosaurus skoogi, a cordylid lizard living in an aseasonal environment. Journal of Herpetology 29: 457–460.
  • Chinsamy-Turan, A. 2005. The Microstructure of Dinosaur Bone: Deciphering Biology with Fine-Scale Techniques. 195 pp. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  • Codron, D., Carbone, C., Müller, D.W.H., and Clauss, M. 2012. Ontogenetic niche shifts in dinosaurs influenced size, diversity and extinction in terrestrial vertebrates. Biology Letters 8: 620–623.
  • Currie, P.J. 1989. Long-distance dinosaurs. Natural History 6: 60–65.
  • Currie, P.J. 1998. Possible evidence of gregarious behavior in tyrannosaurids. Gaia 15: 271–277.
  • Dodson, P., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Bakker, R.T., and Mcintosh, J.S. 1980. Taphonomy and paleoecology of the dinosaur beds of the Jurassic Morrison Formation. Paleobiology 6: 208–232.
  • Eberth, D.A., Xing, X., and Clark, J.M. 2010. Dinosaur death pits from the Jurassic of China. Palaios 25: 112–125.
  • Erickson, G.M. and Tumanova, T.A. 2000. Growth curve of Psittacosaurus mongoliensis Osborn (Ceratopsia : Psittacosauridae) inferred from long bone histology. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 130: 551–566.
  • Erickson, G.M., Makovicky, P.J., Inouye, B.D., Zhou, C.F., and Gao, K.Q. 2009. A life table for Psittacosaurus lujiatunensis: initial insights into ornithischian dinosaur population biology. The Anatomical Record 292: 1684–1684.
  • Erickson, G.M., Rogers, K.C., and Yerby, S.A. 2001. Dinosaurian growth patterns and rapid avian growth rates. Nature 412: 429–433.
  • Fisher, R.V. and Schmincke, H.-U. 1984. Pyroclastic rocks. 472 pp. Springer, Berlin.
  • Forster, C.A. 1990a. Evidence for juvenile groups in the ornithopod dinosaur Tenontosaurus tilletti Ostrom. Journal of Paleontology 64: 164–165.
  • Forster, C.A. 1990b. The postcranial skeleton of the ornithopod dinosaur Tenontosaurus tilletti. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 10: 273–294.
  • Galton, P.M. 1982. Juveniles of the stegosaurian dinosaur Stegosaurus from the Upper Jurassic of North America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 2: 47–62.
  • Hamilton, W.D. 1963. The evolution of altruistic behavior. American Naturalist 97: 354–356.
  • Hatchwell, B.J. 2009. The evolution of cooperative breeding in birds: kinship, dispersal and life history. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 364: 3217–3227.
  • Horner, J.R. and Makela, R. 1979. Nest of juveniles provides evidence of family-structure among dinosaurs. Nature 282: 296–298.
  • Horner, J.R., de Ricqlès, A., and Padian, K. 2000. Long bone histology of the hadrosaurid dinosaur Maiasaura peeblesorum: Growth dynamics and physiology based on an ontogenetic series of skeletal elements. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 20: 115–129.
  • Hu, Y.M., Meng, J., Wang, Y.Q., and Li, C.K. 2005. Large Mesozoic mammals fed on young dinosaurs. Nature 433: 149–152.
  • Isles, T.E. 2009. The socio-sexual behaviour of extant archosaurs: implications for understanding dinosaur behaviour. Historical Biology 21: 139–214.
  • Jiang, B.Y. and Sha, J.G. 2007. Preliminary analysis of the depositional environments of the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation in the Sihetun area, western Liaoning, China. Cretaceous Research 28: 183–193.
  • Jiang, B.Y., Fursich, F.T., and Hethke, M. 2012. Depositional evolution of the Early Cretaceous Sihetun Lake and implications for regional climatic and volcanic history in western Liaoning, NE China. Sedimentary Geology 257: 31–44.
  • Jiang, B.Y., Fursich, F.T., Sha, J.G., Wang, B., and Niu, Y.Z. 2011. Early Cretaceous volcanism and its impact on fossil preservation in Western Liaoning, NE China. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 302: 255–269.
  • Kobayashi, Y. and Lu, J.C. 2003. A new ornithomimid dinosaur with gregarious habits from the Late Cretaceous of China. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 48: 235–259.
  • Kohler, M., Marin-Moratalla, N., Jordana, X., and Aanes, R. 2012. Seasonal bone growth and physiology in endotherms shed light on dinosaur physiology. Nature 487: 358–361.
  • Main, M.B. and Coblentz, B.E. 1996. Sexual segregation in Rocky Mountain mule deer. Journal of Wildlife Management 60: 497–507.
  • Mathews, J.C., Brusatte, S.L., Williams, S.A., and Henderson, M.D. 2009. The first Triceratops bonebed and its implications for gregarious behavior. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29: 286–290.
  • McWhinney, L., Matthias, A., and Carpenter, K. 2004. Corticated pressure erosions, or “pitting,” in osteodermal ankylosaur armor. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24: 92A.
  • Meng, Q., Liu, J., Varricchio, D.J., Huang, T., and Gao, C. 2004. Palaeontology: parental care in an ornithischian dinosaur. Nature 431: 145–146.
  • Myers, T.S. and Fiorillo, A.R. 2009. Evidence for gregarious behavior and age segregation in sauropod dinosaurs. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 274: 96–104.
  • Norman, D.B. 1980. On the ornithischian dinosaur Iguanodon bernissartensis from the Lower Cretaceous of Bernissart (Belgium). Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Mémoires 178: 1–103.
  • Norman, D.B. 1987. A mass-accumulation of vertebrates from the Lower Cretaceous of Nehden (Sauerland), West-Germany. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 230: 215–255.
  • Peabody, F.E. 1961. Annual growth zones in living and fossil vertebrates. Journal of Morphology 108: 11–62.
  • Pelletier, F. and Festa-Bianchet, M. 2004. Effects of body mass, age, dominance and parasite load on foraging time of bighorn rams, Ovis canadensis. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 56: 546–551.
  • Raath, M.A. 1990. Morphological variation in small theropods and its meaning in systematics: evidence from Syntarsus rhodesiensis. In: K. Carpenter and P.J. Currie (eds.), Dinosaur Systematics: Approaches and Perspectives, 92–105. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Roach, B.T. and Brinkman, D.L. 2007. A reevaluation of cooperative pack hunting and gregariousness in Deinonychus antirrhopus and other nonavian theropod dinosaurs. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 48: 103–138.
  • Rogers, R.R. 1990. Taphonomy of three dinosaur bone beds in the Upper Cretaceous Two Medicine Formation of Northwestern Montana: Evidence for drought-related mortality. Palaios 5: 394–413.
  • Ruckstuhl, K.E. and Neuhaus, P. 2000. Causes of sexual segregation in ungulates: a new approach. Behavior 137: 361–377.
  • Ruckstuhl, K.E. and Neuhaus, P. 2001. Behavioral synchrony in ibex groups: Effects of age, sex and habitat. Behaviour 138: 1033–1046.
  • Sander, P.M. 2000. Longbone histology of the Tendaguru sauropods: implications for growth and biology. Paleobiology 26: 466–488.
  • Sereno, P.C. 2010. Taxonomy, cranial morphology, and relationships of parrot-beaked dinosaurs (Ceratopsia: Psittacosaurus). In: M.J. Ryan, B.J. Chinnery, and D.A. Eberth (eds.), New Perspectives on Horned Dinosaurs: The Royal Tyrrell Museum Ceratopsian Symposium, 21–58. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
  • Shipman, P. 1975. Implications of drought for vertebrate fossil assemblages. Nature 257: 667–668.
  • Skutch, A.F. 1961. Helpers among birds. Condor 63: 198–226.
  • Varricchio, D.J. and Horner, J.R. 1993. Hadrosaurid and lambeosaurid bone beds from the Upper Cretaceous Two Medicine Formation of Montana: taphonomic and biologic implications. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 30: 997–1006.
  • Varricchio, D.J., Sereno, P.C., Zhao, X.J., Lin, T., Wilson, J.A., and Lyon, G.H. 2008. Mud-trapped herd captures evidence of distinctive dinosaur sociality. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 53: 567–578.
  • Weishampel, D.B., Fastovsky, D.E., Watabe, M., Barsbold, R., and Tsogtbaatar, K. 2000. New embryonic and hatchling dinosaur remains from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 20: 78A.
  • Xu, X., Zhao, Q., Sullivan, C., Tan, Q.W., Sander, P.M., and Ma, Q.Y. 2012. The taxonomy of the troodontid IVPP V10597 reconsidered. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 50: 140–150.
  • Zhao, Q., Barrett, P.M., and Eberth, D.A. 2007. Social behaviour and mass mortality in the basal ceratopsian dinosaur Psittacosaurus (Early Cretaceous, People’s Republic of China). Palaeontology 50: 1023–1029.
  • Zhou, C.F., Gao, K.Q., Fox, R.C., and Chen, S.H. 2006. A new species of Psittacosaurus (Dinosauria: Ceratopsia) from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation, Liaoning, China. Palaeoworld 15: 100–114.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.