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1989 | 40 | 5-6 |
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Studies on the mechanism of obstructive sleep apnea

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Kukwa, A., Gromysz, H., Jernajczyk, U. and Karczewski, W. A.: Studies on the mechanism of obstructive sleep apnea. Acta physiol, pol., 1989, 40(5-6): 473-478. Several observations indicate that the mylohyoid nerve (NV) may play a crucial part in the mechanisms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The activity of this nerve normally counteracts the collapse of the upper airways during inspiration. Any reduction in this activity may thus facilitate the occurrence of apnoeic spells. We have studied the effects of ethanol and lung inflations on the activity of NV recorded along with the activities of phrenic and facial nerve in rabbits anaesthetised with chloralose-urethan, paralyzed with curare and artificially ventilated. Under the control conditions the NV exhibited phasic expiratory activity; after vagotomy and additional, inspiratory component was observed. Lung inflation strongly enhanced the expiratory activity of NV whereas both the phrenic and facial nerve activities (both phasic-inspiratory) were typically inhibited. An injection of 5 ml of 20% ethanol very strongly inhibited the NV activity. The results may confirm the importance of NV in the mechanism of OSA. The well-known fact that OSA patients are particularly sensitive to alcohol finds support in the response of NV activity to ethanol injection. The analysis of the patterns of discharges of the three outputs from the respiratory controller may additionally suggest that the Vth nerve nucleus is involved in the control of respiratory pattern.
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  • Medical Research Centre, Department of Neurophysiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
  • Medical Research Centre, Department of Neurophysiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
  • Medical Research Centre, Department of Neurophysiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
  • Medical Research Centre, Department of Neurophysiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
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