Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2017 | 26 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Research on the carbon emissions of beijing residents based on the Input-output model

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
China is facing increasing pressure on international emissions. As the capital of China, Beijing should set an example for carbon emissions. Previous studies on carbon emissions mainly focused on household size and changes in household consumption structure during urbanization. The input-output method is mainly used, but the total output of each department is used to measure the intensity of CO₂ emissions, so that the middle input and added value among the sectors are included, which leads to a large measurement result. Based on the input-output model, the paper chooses the latest input-output table of Beijing in 2012 and calculates the carbon emissions of residents in Beijing in 2012, which calculates the CO₂ emission intensity by using the added value that avoids the problem of double counting. The results show that the total carbon emissions of Beijing residents is 762.948 million tons, of which the direct consumption energy of urban residents is mainly gasoline and heat, while that of rural residents is mainly coal and electricity. Indirect carbon emissions of residential consumption are divided into eight consumption categories. Among them, 57.2% and 18.9% were in transportation and housing, respectively. According to the above conclusions, this paper makes some recommendations.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • School of Humanities and Economic Management, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083, P.R. China
  • Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing, 100083, P.R.China
  • School of Humanities and Economic Management, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083, P.R. China
  • Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing, 100083, P.R.China
  • 1. The Twelfth Five-Year Plan [J]. 2011.
  • 2. WU K.J., GUO X., WANG W. Empirical analysis on carbon emissions of residents consumption in Shanghai[J]. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 5, 002, 2013.
  • 3. ABID M. The close relationship between informal economic growth and carbon emissions in Tunisia since 1980: The (ir) relevance of structural breaks[J]. Sustainable Cities and Society, 15, 11, 2015.
  • 4. BURKE P.J., SHAHIDUZZAMAN M., STERN D.I. Carbon dioxide emissions in the short run: The rate and sources of economic growth matter [J]. Global Environmental Change, 33, 109, 2015.
  • 5. DESTEK M.A. Renewable energy consumption and economic growth in newly industrialized countries: Evidence from asymmetric causality test [J]. Renewable Energy, 95, 478, 2016.
  • 6. ERDALG, ERDAL H., ESENGUN K. The causality between energy consumption and economic growth in Turkey[J]. Energy Policy, 36 (10), 3838, 2008.
  • 7. RAMANATHAN R. A multi-factor efficiency perspective to the relationships among world GDP, energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions [J]. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 73 (5), 483, 2006.
  • 8. SALAHUDDIN M., GOW J. Economic growth, energy consumption and CO₂ emissions in Gulf Cooperation Council countries [J]. Energy, 73, 44, 2014.
  • 9. TANG C.F., TAN B.W., OZTURK I. Energy consumption and economic growth in Vietnam [J]. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 54, 1506, 2016.
  • 10. REINDERS A., VRINGER K., BLOK K. The direct and indirect energy requirement of households in the European Union [J]. Energy Policy, 31 (2), 139, 2003.
  • 11. BROWN M.A., SOUTHWORTH F., SARZYNSKI A. The geography of metropolitan carbon footprints [J]. Policy and Society, 27 (4), 285, 2009.
  • 12. HERTWICH E.G., PETERS G.P. Carbon footprint of nations: A global, trade-linked analysis [J]. Environmental science & technology, 43 (16), 6414, 2009.
  • 13. SOVACOOL B.K., BROWN M.A. Twelve metropolitan carbon footprints: A preliminary comparative global assessment [J]. Energy policy, 38 (9), 4856, 2010.
  • 14. CHEN Q., ZHENG Y.X., CHEN Y.B. Analysis of characteristics and influencing factors of carbon emissions with urban family consumption in Kunming city[J]. Environmental Science Survey, 29 (5), 14, 2010.
  • 15. ZHAO S.Y., YOU H.J. Analysis on effect of Shanxi resident consumption to carbon emissions [J]. Sci-tech Innov Product, 5, 58, 2010.
  • 16. FENG L., LIN T., ZHAO Q.J. Research advances on household energy consumption and household carbon footprint[J]. Ecological Science, 29 (2), 161, 2010.
  • 17. BHATTACHARYA M., PARAMATI S.R., OZTURK I. The effect of renewable energy consumption on economic growth: Evidence from top 38 countries[J]. Applied Energy, 162, 733, 2016.
  • 18. YAO L., LIU J.R., WANG R.S. Comparison and analysis of carbon emissions embodied in household consumption between urban and rural area of China [J]. China Population Resources and Environment, 21 (4), 25, 2011.
  • 19. GOLLEY J., MEAGHER D., MENG X. Chinese urban household energy requirements and CO₂ emissions[J]. China’s Dilemma: Economic Growth, the Environment and Climate Change, 334, 2008.
  • 20. ZHU Q., PENG X.Z., LU Z.M. Calculation and analysis on carbon emissions from household energy consumption in China[J]. Journal of Safety and Environment, 2, 72, 2011.
  • 21. LIU L.C., WU G., WANG J.N. China’s carbon emissions from urban and rural households during 1992-2007[J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19 (15), 1754, 2011.
  • 22. ZHANG X., NIU S.W., ZHAO C S. The study on household Energy consumption and carbon emissions in China’s urbanization[J]. China Soft Science, 9, 65, 2011.
  • 23. GOLLEY J., MENG X. Income inequality and carbon dioxide emissions: the case of Chinese urban households[J]. Energy Economics, 34 (6), 1864, 2012.
  • 24. QU J.S., ZHANG Z.Q., ZENG J.J. Household carbon emission differences and their driving factors in Northwestern China[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 58 (3), 260, 2013.
  • 25. WANG L., QU J.S., LIU L.N. Analysis and comparison of urban and rural household carbon emissions in China[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment. 29 (5), 6, 2015.
  • 26. ZHANG Y.F., ZHANG H.Y. Calculation and analysis on carbon emissions of residents′ consumption in Shaanxi province[J]. Journal of Shaanxi Normal University (Natural Science Edition), 44 (2), 98, 2016.
  • 27. HUPPES G., KONING A., SUH S. Environmental Impacts of Consumption in the European Union: High Resolution Input-Output Tables with Detailed Environmental Extensions[J]. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 10 (3), 129, 2006.
  • 28. WEBER C.L., MATTHEWS H.S. Quantifying the global and distributional aspects of American household carbon footprint[J]. Ecological Economics, 66 (2), 379, 2008.
  • 29. LIN T., YU Y., BAI X. Greenhouse gas emissions accounting of urban residential consumption: a household survey based approach[J]. PloS one, 8 (2), e55642, 2013.
  • 30. WEBER C., PERRELS A. Modeling lifestyle effects on energy demand and related emissions[J]. Energy Policy, 28 (8), 549, 2000.
  • 31. BIN S., DOWLATABADI H. Consumer lifestyle approach to US energy use and the related CO₂ emissions[J]. Energy policy, 33 (2), 197, 2005.
  • 32. WEI Y.M., LIU L.C., FAN Y. The impact of lifestyle on energy use and CO2 emission: an empirical analysis of China’s residents[J]. Energy policy, 35 (1), 247, 2007.
  • 33. LENZEN M. Primary energy and greenhouse gases embodied in Australian final consumption: an input-output analysis[J]. Energy policy, 26 (6), 495, 1998.
  • 34. PACHAURI S., SPRENG D. Direct and indirect energy requirements of households in India[J]. Energy policy, 30 (6), 511, 2002.
  • 35. REINDERS A., VRINGER K., BLOK K. The direct and indirect energy requirement of households in the European Union[J]. Energy Policy, 31 (2), 139, 2003.
  • 36. SHUI B., HARRISS R.C. The role of CO₂ embodiment in US-China trade[J]. Energy policy, 34 (18), 4063, 2006.
  • 37. PARK H.C., HEO E. The direct and indirect household energy requirements in the Republic of Korea from 1980 to 2000 - An input - output analysis[J]. Energy Policy, 35 (5), 2839, 2007.
  • 38. MATTHEWS H.S., HENDRICKSON C.T., WEBER C.L. The importance of carbon footprint estimation boundaries[J]. Environmental science & technology, 42 (16), 5839, 2008.
  • 39. DRUCKMAN A., JACKSON T. The carbon footprint of UK households 1990-2004: a socio-economically disaggregated, quasi-multi-regional input–output model[J]. Ecological economics, 68 (7), 2066, 2009.
  • 40. LIU Z., GUAN D., WEI W. Reduced carbon emission estimates from fossil fuel combustion and cement production in China[J]. Nature, 524 (7565), 335, 2015.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.