Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2019 | 28 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Ozonation and photo-driven oxidation of ciprofloxacin in pharmaceutical wastewater: degradation kinetics and energy requirements

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Pharmaceutical wastewater has become an important source for emitting antibiotics into aquatic environments. However, this study aims to evaluate the potential of different advanced oxidation processes like ozonation, photolysis, and photo-catalysis for degrading a fluoroquinolone antibiotic ciprofloxacin (CIP) in real pharmaceutical wastewater. The raw wastewater contains a high concentration of organic content (COD: 603 mg/L, BOD: 116 mg/L) and significant concentration of CIP (7.91 mg/L). In ozonation, compared with the acidic and basic conditions, the degradation rate was faster under basic conditions and showed a competently degraded CIP (up to 98.7%) under the optimum pH 9 within 30 min, whereas photo-catalysis by using commercial anatase (TiO₂) is considered to be the most effective technique for decreasing the concentration of CIP up to 100% within 30 min under the optimized TiO₂ dose (1000 mg/L). The degradation rate was quicker and found to be several times faster than in direct photolysis. Furthermore, electrical energy per order was also calculated for all processes and was obvious by the results that photo-catalysis consume less energy of about 8.7 kWh/m3, for almost complete deduction of CIP.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Sustainable Development Study Center, GC University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sustainable Development Study Center, GC University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Quality Operations Laboratory, UVAS, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sustainable Development Study Center, GC University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sustainable Development Study Center, GC University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 1. Riaz L., Mahmood T., Kamal A., Shafqat M., Rashid A. Industrial release of fluoroquinolones (FQs) in the waste water bodies with their associated ecological risk in Pakistan. Environmen. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 52, 14, 2017.
  • 2. Hernando M.D., Mezcua M., Fernandez-Alba A.R., Barceló D. Environmental risk assessment of pharmaceutical residues in wastewater effluents, surface waters and sediments. Talanta. 69 (2), 334, 2006.
  • 3. Rusu A., Hancu G., Uivaroşi V. Fluoroquinolone pollution of food, water and soil, and bacterial resistance. Environ. Chem. Lett. 13 (1), 21, 2015.
  • 4. Larsson D.G.J., de Pedro C., Paxeus N. Effluent from drug manufactures contains extremely high levels of pharmaceuticals. J. Hazard. Mater. 148 (3), 751, 2007.
  • 5. Bouki C., Venieri D., Diamadopoulos E. Detection and fate of antibiotic resistant bacteria in wastewater treatment plant: A review. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 91, 1, 2013.
  • 6. Du L., Liu W. Occurrence, fate and ecotoxicity of antibiotics in agro-ecosystems. A review. Agron. Sustainable Dev. 32 (2), 309, 2012.
  • 7. LIEN L.T., HOA N.Q., CHUC N.T., THOA N.T., PHUC H.D., DIWAN V., DAT N.T., TAMHANKAR A.J., LUNDBORG C. S. Antibiotics in Wastewater of a Rural and an Urban Hospital before and after Wastewater Treatment, and the Relationship with Antibiotic Use-A One Year Study from Vietnam. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13 (6), 588, 2016.
  • 8. He K., Soares A.D., Adejumo H., McDiarmid M., Squibb K., Blaney L. Detection of a wide variety of human and veterinary fluoroquinolone antibiotics in municipal wastewater and wastewater-impacted surface water. J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 106, 136, 2015.
  • 9. Brown K.D., Kulis J., Thomson B., Chapman T.H., Mawhinney D.B. Occurrence of antibiotics in hospital, residential, and dairy effluent, municipal wastewater, and the Rio Grande in New Mexico. Sci. Total Environ. 366, 772, 2006.
  • 10. Hussain S., Naeem M., Chaudhry M.N. Estimation of residual antibiotics in pharmaceutical effluents and their fate in affected areas. Polish J. Environ. Stud. 25 (2), 607, 2016.
  • 11. Patneedi C.B., Prasadu K.D. Impact of pharmaceutical wastes on human life and environment. Rasayan J. Chem. 8 (1) 67, 2015.
  • 12. Oguz M., Mihciokur H. Environmental risk assessment of selected pharmaceuticals in Turkey. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 38 (1), 79, 2014.
  • 13. Daoud F., Pelzer D., Zuehlke S., Spiteller M., Kayser O. Ozone pretreatment of process waste water generated in course of fluoroquinolone production. Chemosphere. 185, 953, 2017.
  • 14. Ashfaq M., Khan K.N., Saif-Ur-Rehman M., Mustafa G., Nazar M.F., Sun Q., Iqbal J., Mulla S.I., Yu C.P. Ecological risk assessment of pharmaceuticals in the receiving environment of pharmaceutical wastewater in Pakistan. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 136, 31, 2017.
  • 15. Chander V., Singh P., Sharma B., Upadhyay K., Singh R. Environmental and health hazards due to pharmaceutical effluents. Int. J. Pharm. Review & Res. 4, 100, 2014.
  • 16. Epold I., Dulova N., Trapido M. Degradation of diclofenac in aqueous solution by homogeneous and heterogeneous photolysis. J. Environ. Eng. Ecol. sci. 3, 2012.
  • 17. Klavarioti M., Mantzavinos D., Kassinos D. Removal of residual pharmaceuticals from aqueous systems by advanced oxidation processes. Environ. Int. 35, 402, 2009.
  • 18. Jalali H.M. Kinetic study of antibiotic ciprofloxacin ozonation by MWCNT/MnO2 using Monte Carlo simulation. Mater. Sci. Eng., C. 59, 924, 2016.
  • 19. Singh G.D., Gupta K.C. Photo and UV degradation of Ciprofloxacin Antibiotic. Int. J. curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci. 3 (6), 641, 2014.
  • 20. Babic S., Perisa M., Skoric I. Photolytic degradation of norfloxacin, enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin in various aqueous media. Chemosphere. 91, 1635, 2013.
  • 21. Durán-Álvarez J.C., Avellaa E., Ramírez-Zamora R.M., Zanella R. Photocatalytic degradation of ciprofloxacin using mono- (Au, Ag and Cu) and bi- (Au–Ag and Au–Cu) metallic nanoparticles supported on TiO2 under UV-C and simulated sunlight. Catal. Today. 266, 175, 2016.
  • 22. Doorslaer X.V., Demeestere K., Heynderickx P.M., Langenhove H.V., Dewulf J. UV-A and UV-C induced photolytic and photocatalytic degradation of aqueous ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin: Reaction kinetics and role of adsorption. Appl. Catal., B 101, 540, 2011.
  • 23. Gad-Allah T.A., Ali M.E.M., Badawy M.I. Photocatalytic oxidation of ciprofloxacin under simulated sunlight. J. Hazard. Mater. 186, 751, 2011.
  • 24. Vasconcelos T.G., Kummerer K., Henriques D.M., Martins A.F. Ciprofloxacin in hospital effluent: Degradation by ozone and photo processes. J. Hazard. Mater. 169, 1154, 2009.
  • 25. APHA, Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater 21st edn, 2005 Washington D.C., USA.
  • 26. Ashfaq M., Khan K.N., Rasool S., Mustafa G., Saif-Ur-Rehman M., Nazar M.F., Sun Q., Yu C.P. Occurrence and ecological risk assessment of fluoroquinolone antibiotics in hospital waste of Lahore, Pakistan. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 42, 16, 2016.
  • 27. Quero-Pastor M., Valenzuela A., Quiroga J.M., Acevedo A. Degradation of drugs in water with advanced oxidation processes and ozone. J. Environ. Manage. 137, 197, 2014.
  • 28. Khan H., Ahmad N., Yasar A., Shahid R. Advanced Oxidative Decolorization of Red Cl-5B: Effects of Dye Concentration, Process Optimization and Reaction Kinetics. Polish J. Environ. Stud. 19 (1), 83, 2010.
  • 29. Asaithambi P., Saravanathamizhan R., Matheswaran M. Comparison of treatment and energy efficiency of advanced oxidation processes for the distillery wastewater. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 12 (7), 2213, 2015.
  • 30. Bielen A., Simatovi A., Kosic-Vuksic J., Senta I., Ahel M., Babic S., Jurina T., Plaza J.J.G., Milakovic M., Udikovic-Kolic N. Negative environmental impacts of antibiotic-contaminated effluents from pharmaceutical industries. Water Res. 126, 79, 2017.
  • 31. Wilde M.L., Montipo S., Martins A.F. Degradation of b-blockers in hospital wastewater by means of ozonation and Fe2D/ozonation. Water Res. 48, 280, 2014.
  • 32. Tay K.S., Madehi N. Ozonation of ofloxacin in water: By-products, degradation pathway and ecotoxicity assessment. Sci. Total Environ. 520, 23, 2015.
  • 33. PERES M.S., MANIERO M.G., GUIMARAES J.R. Photocatalytic degradation of ofloxacin and evaluation of the residual antimicrobial activity. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 14, 556, 2015.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.