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2019 | 75 | 01 |
Tytuł artykułu

Reakcje behawioralno-emocjonalne kuców podczas przyzwyczajania do nowego zadania: praca na bieżni mechanicznej

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
EN
Behavioral and emotional reactions ponies during accustomed to a new task: work on treadmill
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
In view of the lack of research on the behaviour of horses working on mechanical treadmills, this study was aimed at assessing the behaviour of ponies on the treadmill and at analysing their heart rate variability in order to describe characteristic types of their behavioural and emotional response. The study was conducted on nine Felin ponies, which were being accustomed to working on a mechanical treadmill for three consecutive days. Their heart rate variability parameters were measured and their behaviour was assessed while the animals were stabled, when they were walking onto the treadmill, during treadmill work and as they walked off the treadmill. The results obtained were used to describe behavioural and emotional response patterns of the horses being accustomed to working on the treadmill. The results were subjected to multivariate analysis of variance (repeated measures), t-Tukey’s test and Spearman’s rank correlations. It was found that the proposed method of describing the types of emotional and behavioural response of ponies indicates the need to assess their level of being accustomed to working on the treadmill by observation of their behaviour combined with simultaneous measurement of their heart rate parameters. The use of both methods is necessary especially when ponies are entering the treadmill and during their work on the treadmill, which are the two most difficult stages for the animals. It is also worth remembering that ponies should first be accustomed to the new environment and only later to working on the treadmill. A three-day period of adaptation to the new environment may be insufficient. Care should be taken especially on the second day of getting ponies accustomed to the treadmill, which can be regarded as critical. A positive finding is that the increased emotional arousal/excitability of ponies trained for treadmill work is short-lived.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
75
Numer
01
Opis fizyczny
s.35-40,tab.,bibliogr.
Twórcy
autor
  • Katedra Hodowli i Użytkowania Koni, Wydział Biologii, Nauk o Zwierzętach i Biogospodarki, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, ul.Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin
autor
  • Katedra Hodowli i Użytkowania Koni, Wydział Biologii, Nauk o Zwierzętach i Biogospodarki, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, ul.Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin
autor
  • Katedra Hodowli i Użytkowania Koni, Wydział Biologii, Nauk o Zwierzętach i Biogospodarki, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, ul.Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin
  • Katedra i Klinika Chorób Wewnętrznych Zwierząt, Wydział Medycyny Weterynaryjnej, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, ul.Głęboka 20, 20-950 Lublin
autor
  • Samodzielna Pracownia Epidemiologii i Ekonomiki Weterynaryjnej, Wydział Medycyny Weterynaryjnej, Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego w Warszawie, ul.Nowoursynowska 159 C, 02-787, Warszawa
  • Samodzielna Pracownia Epidemiologii i Ekonomiki Weterynaryjnej, Wydział Medycyny Weterynaryjnej, Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego w Warszawie, ul.Nowoursynowska 159 C, 02-787, Warszawa
  • Samodzielna Pracownia Epidemiologii i Ekonomiki Weterynaryjnej, Wydział Medycyny Weterynaryjnej, Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego w Warszawie, ul.Nowoursynowska 159 C, 02-787, Warszawa
Bibliografia
  • Barrey E., Galloux P., Valette J. P., Auvinet B., Wolter R.: Stride characteristics of overground versus treadmill locomotion in the saddle horse. Cells Tiss. Org. 1993, 146, 90-94.
  • Bromiley M.: Urazy u koni, ich leczenie i rehabilitacja. Wydawnictwo SIMA WLW, Warszawa 2009.
  • Buchner H. H. F., Savelberg H. H. C. M., Schamhardt H. C., Merkens H. W., Barneveld A.: Habituation of horses to treadmill locomotion. Equine Vet. J. 1994, 26, 13-15.
  • Christensen J. W., Keeling L. J., Nielsen B. L.: Responses of horses to novel visual, olfactory and auditory stimuli. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 2005, 93, 53-65.
  • Cooper J. J., Albentosa M. J.: Behavioural adaptation in the domestic horse: potential role of apparently abnormal responses including stereotypic behaviour. Livestock Prod. Sci. 2005, 92, 177-182.
  • Eaton M. D., Evans D. L., Hodgson D. R., Rose R. J.: Effect of treadmill incline and speed on metabolic rate during exercise in thoroughbred horses. J. Appl. Physiol. 1995, 79, 951-957.
  • Janczarek I., Kędzierski W.: Emotional response of young race horses to a transfer from a familiar to an unfamiliar environment. Anim. Sci. Pap. Rep. 2011, 29, 205-212.
  • Lansade L., Bouissou M. F., Erhard H. W.: Fearfulness in horses: A temperament trait stable across time and situations. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 2008, 115, 182-200.
  • Lewinski von M., Biau S., Erber R., Ille N., Aurich J., Faure J. M., Aurich C.: Cortisol release, heart rate and heart rate variability in the horse and its rider: different responses to training and performance. Vet. J. 2013, 197, 229-232.
  • Marc M., Parvizi N., Ellendorff F., Kallweit E., Elsaesser F.: Plasma cortisol and ACTH concentrations in the warmblood horse in response to a standardized treadmill exercise test as physiological markers for evaluation of training status. J. Anim. Sci. 2000, 78, 1936-1946.
  • McBride S. D., Mills D. S.: Psychological factors affecting equine performance. BMC Vet. Research 2012, 8, 180.
  • McLean A.: The mental processes of the horse and their consequences for training. University of Melbourne, Animal Welfare Science Centre, School of Agriculture and Food Systems, Faculty of Land and Food Resources 2004.
  • Parker R.: Wprowadzenie do statystyki dla biologów. PWN, Warszawa 1978, s. 133-136.
  • Tarvainen M. P., Niskanen J. P., Lipponen J. A., Ranta-Aho P. O., Karjalainen P. A.: Kubios HRV-heart rate variability analysis software. Computer Meth. Prog. Biomed. 2014, 113, 210-220.
  • Visser E. K., Van Reenen C. G., Van der Werf J. T. N., Schilder M. B. H., Knaap J. H., Barneveld A., Blokhuis H. J.: Heart rate and heart rate variability during a novel object test and a handling test in young horses. Physiol. Behav. 2002, 76, 289-296.
  • Waran N., McGreevy P., Casey R. A.: Training methods and horse welfare, [w:] Warab N. (ed.): The Welfare of Horses. Springer, Netherlands 2007, s. 151-180.
  • Weishaupt M. A., Wiestner T., Peinen K., Waldern N., Roepstorff L., Weeren R., Johnston C.: Effect of head and neck position on vertical ground reaction forces and interlimb coordination in the dressage horse ridden at walk and trot on a treadmill. Equine Vet. J. 2006, 38, 387-392.
  • Więckowska B.: User Guide-PQStat. 2014.
  • Wilk I., Janczarek I.: Relationship between behavior and cardiac response to round pen training. J. Vet. Behav. 2015, 10, 231-236.
  • Wilk I., Kędzierski W., Stachurska A., Janczarek I.: Are results of Crib Opening Test connected with efficacy of training horses in a round-pen? Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 2015, 166, 89-97.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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