Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2008 | 30 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Gas exchanges and yield responses of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) genotypes differing in flooding tolerance

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Flooding-induced changes in leaf gas exchanges, grain yield, and yield-related parameters of mungbean were evaluated employing two flood-tolerant (GK48 and VC3945A) and one flood-susceptible (Vo1982A-G) genotypes. Three flooding regimes viz. 1, 3 and 7-day were imposed at vegetative, flowering, and pod-fill stages. Flooding caused a drastic reduction in photosynthesis rates (Pn), irrespective of flooding duration. However, the flooded plants recovered Pn to a large extent depending on genotypes. Used genotypes showed a significant variation in Pn during and after flooding. Post-flooding recovery in Pn of GK48 and VC3945A was more pronounced at the vegetative and flowering stages than the pod-fill stage. At the pod-fill stage, only plants of GK48 survived when flooding prolonged for 7 days. Flooded plants showed higher intercellular CO2 concentrations (Ci), and reduced stomatal conductance (gs). However, during recovery, Pn increased significantly along with reduced Ci in flood-tolerant GK48 and VC3945A genotypes. In contrast, Ci remained high and Pn recovery was minimal in floodsusceptible Vo1982A-G genotype. This implies that mesophyll tolerance rather than stomatal factor might be the major limitation of Pn recovery in a susceptible genotype. Very weak relationship between Pn and transpiration rate (Tr) indicated low water use efficiency (WUE) in flooded plants, but subsequent recovery of both the parameters, suggesting higher WUE, particularly in tolerant genotypes. Seed yield of mungbean was the product of number of pods per plant and seed size, and longer the flooding period, the lower were the pods per plant at the flowering and pod-fill stage. Flooding reduced seed yield in all the three genotypes, but the extent of reduction was much less in flood-tolerant GK48 and VC3945A. Higher yield of flood-tolerant genotypes may be attributed to the rapid recovery of leaf gas exchanges.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, 1706 Gazipur, Bangladesh
  • Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, 1706 Gazipur, Bangladesh
  • Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, 1706 Gazipur, Bangladesh
  • Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, 1706 Gazipur, Bangladesh
  • Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, 1706 Gazipur, Bangladesh
  • Department of Crop Botany, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, 1706 Gazipur, Bangladesh
  • Ahmed S, Nawata E, Sakuratani T (2002a) Effects of waterlogging at vegetative and reproductive growth stages on photosynthesis, leaf water potential and yield of mungbean. Plant Prod Sci 5:117–123
  • Ahmed S, Nawata E, Hosokawa M, Domae Y, Sakuratani T (2002b) Alterations in photosynthesis and some antioxidant enzymatic activities of mungbean subjected to waterlogging. Plant Sci 163:117–123
  • Anonymous (1987) LI-6200 technical reference. LI-COR, Inc., USA
  • AVRDC (1998) Mungbean. In: Shanmugasundaram S (ed) Proceeding of the second international symposium, Asian vegetable research and development centre (AVRDC), Shanhua, pp 19–28
  • Bagga AK, Bala M, Tomar OPS (1984) Effect of short duration of waterlogging on water use efficiency of two mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) varieties. Indian J Plant Physiol 27:159–165
  • Beckman TG, Perry RL, Flore JA (1992) Short-term flooding affects gas exchange characteristics of containerized sour cherry trees. Hortic Sci 27:1297–1301
  • Bradford KJ (1983) Effects of soil flooding on leaf gas exchange of tomato plants. Plant Physiol 73:475–479
  • Bradford KJ, Hsiao TC (1982) Stomatal behavior and water relations of waterlogged tomato plants. Plant Physiol 70:1508–1513
  • Chotechuen S (1996) Breeding of mungbean for resistance to various environmental stresses. In: Proceedings of the workshop on mungbean germplasm, Bangkok
  • Cowie AL, Jessop RS, MacLeod DA (1996) Effect of waterlogging on chickpeas. I. Influence of timing of waterlogging. Plant Soil 183:97–103
  • Crawford RMM, Brandle R (1996) Oxygen deprivation stress in a changing environment. J Exp Bot 47:145–159
  • Gomez KA, Gomez AA (1984) Statistical procedures for agricultural research. 2nd edn. Wiley, Singapore
  • Griffin JL, Saxton AM (1988) Response of solid seeded soybean to flood irrigation. II. Flood duration. Agron J 80:885–888
  • Guy RD, Wample RL (1984) Stable carbon isotope of flooded and unflooded sunflowers (Helianthus annuus). Can J Bot 62:1770–1774
  • Islam MT (1994) Eco-physiological studies on photosynthesis and dry matter production in mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek). Ph.D. thesis, Kyushu University, Fukuoka
  • Islam MR (2003) Eco-physiology of soil flooding tolerance in mungbean. Ph.D. thesis, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur
  • Islam MR, Hamid A, Karim MA, Khaliq QA, Haque MM (2005) Response of mungbean to soil flooding at vegetative stage. II. Multivariate analysis for flooding tolerance. Bangladesh Agron J 11:11–16
  • Islam MR, Hamid A, Khaliq QA, Ahmed JU, Haque MM, Karim MA (2007) Genetic variability in flooding tolerance of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) genotypes. Euphytica 156:247–255
  • Jackson MB, Kowalewska AKB (1983) Positive and negative messages from roots induced foliar desiccation and stomatal closure in flooded pea plants. J Exp Bot 34:493–506
  • Jackson MB, Ricard B (2003) Physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology of plant root systems subjected to flooding of the soil. de Kroon H, Visser EJW (eds) Ecological studies, vol 168. Springer, Hiedelberg, pp 193–213
  • Kozlowski TT (1997) Responses of woody plants to flooding and salinity. Tree physiology monograph no. 1. Heron, Victoria
  • Kozlowski TT, Pallardy SG (1984) Effect of flooding on water, carbohydrate, and mineral relations. In: Kozlowski TT (ed) Flooding and plant growth. Academic Press, Orlando, pp 165–193
  • Kubota F, Hamid A (1992) Comparative analysis of dry matter production and photosynthesis between mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) and blackgram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper) grown in different light intensities. J Fac Agric Kyushu Univ 37:71–80
  • Liao CT, Lin CH (1994) Effect of flooding stress on photosynthetic activities of Momordica charantia. Plant Physiol Biochem 32:1–5
  • Maberly SC, Spence DHN (1989) Photosynthesis and photo-respiration in freshwater organisms: amphibious plants. Aquat Bot 34:267–286
  • Malik AI, Colmer TD, Lambers H, Schortemeyer M (2001) Changes in physiological and morphological traits of roots and shoots of wheat in response to different depths of waterlogging. Aust J Plant Physiol 28:1121–1131
  • Mielke MS, De Almeida AF, Gomes FP, Aguilar MAG, Mangabeira PAO (2003) Leaf gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and growth responses of Genipa americana seedlings to soil flooding. Environ Exp Bot 50:221–231
  • Musgrave ME (1994) Waterlogging effects on yield and photosynthesis in eight winter wheat cultivars. Crop Sci 34:1314–1318
  • Musgrave ME, Ding N (1998) Evaluating wheat cultivars for waterlogging tolerance. Crop Sci 38:90–97
  • Nsoukpoe-Kossi CN, AgIvanov AG, Veeranjaneyulu K, Leblanc RM (1999) Protective action of abscisic acid against the inhibition of photosynthesis of barley leaves by bisulphate. Photosynthetica 36:51–60
  • Nunez-Elisea R, Schaffer B, Fisher JB, Colls AM, Crane JH (1999) Influence of flooding on net CO2 assimilation, growth and stem anatomy of Annona species. Ann Bot 84:771–780
  • Oo HH, Araki T, Kubota F (2005) Effects of drought and flooding stresses on growth and photosynthtic activity of mungbean, Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek cultivars. J Fac Agric Kyushu Univ 50:533–542
  • Orchard PW, Jessop RP (1984) The response of sorghum and sunflower to short-term waterlogging. I. Effect of stage of development and duration of waterlogging on growth and yield. Plant Soil 81:119–132
  • Pernito R, Garrity DP (1988) Mungbean response to surface drainage when grown as a pre-rice crop on waterlogging-prone ricelands. In: Proceedings of the workshop on mungbean germplasm, Bangkok
  • Poehlman JM (1991) The mungbean. Westview Press, Oxford, pp 1–5
  • Reece CF, Riha SJ (1991) Role of root systems of eastern larch and white spruce in response to flooding. Plant Cell Environ 14:229–234
  • Sandhu TS, Singh K, Singh B (1988) Mungbean germplasm resources evaluation and utilization. In: Mungbean, proceedings of the second international symposium, Bangkok
  • Schaffer B, Andersen PC, Ploetz RC (1992) Response of fruit crop to flooding. Hortic Rev 13:257–313
  • Topa MA, Cheeseman JM (1992) Effects of root hypoxia and a low P supply on relative growth, carbon dioxide exchange rates and carbon partitioning in Pinus serotina seedlings. Physiol Plant 86:136–144
  • Trought MCT, Drew MC (1980) The development of waterlogging damage in wheat seedlings (Triticum aestivum L.). I. Shoot and root growth in relation to changes in the concentration of dissolved gases and solutes in the soil solution. Plant Soil 54:77–94
  • Vartapetian BB, Jackson MB (1997) Plant adaptations to anaerobic stress. Ann Bot 79(Suppl A):3–20
  • Wein C, Lal R, Pulver EL (1979) Effects of transient flooding on growth and yield of some tropical crops. In: Lal R, Greenland DJ (eds) Soil physical properties and crop production in the tropics.
  • Wiley, Chichester, pp 234–245
  • Williams RW, Lawn RJ, Imrie BC, Byth DE (1995) Studies on weather damage in mungbean. Effect of weathering on seed quality and viability. Aust J Agric Res 46:887–900
  • Yadav RS, Saxena HK (1998) Response of waterlogging on growth and seed yield of mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczak). Indian J Plant Physiol 3:71–72
Rekord w opracowaniu
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.