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Differential proteomic analysis of developmental stages of Acca sellowiana somatic embryos

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Feijoa (Acca sellowiana, Myrtaceae), a native fruit species from southern Brazil and northern Uruguay, is considered to constitute a reference system for somatic embryogenesis in woody dicots. This in vitro regenerative pathway is an efficient micropropagation method, and a suitable model system for studies in plant developmental physiology. This study attempts to detect and identify proteins that are expressed during the different developmental stages of somatic embryos of A. sellowiana. Using high resolution two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-DE), a high degree of similarity between protein profiles of the assayed somatic embryos was observed. Of the 74 different protein spots extracted for analysis, 60 were identified by means of 2-DE/MALDITOF/MS. Twelve proteins were expressed in all the assayed stages. Ten proteins were expressed in the initial stages and 22 proteins were expressed in the mature developmental stages of somatic embryos. Only one protein was expressed exclusively in the torpedo stage, whereas four were expressed in the pre-cotyledonary, and none in the cotyledonary stage. The proteins identified were involved in the synthesis of phenylalanine ammonialyase, a conspicuous polyphenol present in the induction of feijoa embryogenic cultures. The presence of essential proteins of nitrogen metabolism, such as the cytosolic glutamine synthetase protein, was also observed. The physiological implications of these findings are discussed.
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Opis fizyczny
  • Laboratorio de Fisiologia do Desenvolvimento e Genetica Vegetal, Centro de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil
  • Laboratorio de Expressao Genica, Departamento de Bioquimica, Centro de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil
  • Departamento de Bioquimica e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Federal do Parana, Parana, Brazil
  • UMR 1088 INRA/CNRS 5184/UB (Plante-Micobe-Environment), INRA-CMSE, BP 86510, Dijon Cedex 21065, France
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