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2014 | 13 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Effect of methyl jasmonate vapors on level of anthocyanins, biogenic amines and decarboxylases activity in seedlings of chosen vegetable species

Warianty tytułu
PL
Wpływ par jasmonianu metylu na poziom antocyjanów, amin biogennych i aktywności dekarboksylaz w siewkach wybranych gatunków warzyw
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Seedlings of four vegetable species (maize, tomato, radish and onion) were treated for 7 days with methyl jasmonate (MeJA) vapors. MeJA accelerated senescence process of plant tissues and accumulation of anthocyanins. The only exception were hypocotyls of radish, which was found to decrease of the anthocyanin content under the influence of MeJA. It has been shown that MeJA has a different impact on the content of free biogenic amines. In case of leaves and epicotyls of maize and tomato hypocotyls, MeJA had no effect on levels of putrescine (Put). The leaves of tomatoes have shown to increase the putrescine level as a result of the impact of MeJA vapors. However, in the tissues of radish and onion very large decline in putrescine and spermidine content under the influence of the phytohormone were observed. The presence of small amounts of spermine was found only in tissues of radish, and onion, which does not affect the use of MeJA. In tissues of maize the presence of a significant content of 2-phenylethylamine (PEA) were found. Use for 7 days of MeJA vapors resulted in 3-fold increase in the content of the PEA in maize leaves. Small levels of the amine has also been found in tomato hypocotyls, where use of MeJA caused reduction its content. Obtained results show a little relationship between the activity of the studied enzymes (ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), lysine decarboxylase (LDC) and tyrosine decarboxylase (TYDC)) and the contents of the amines in seedlings of four vegetable species. No free cadaverine and tyramine were found, and therefore probably both polyamines might be present as conju-gates. Putrescine also may be present in bound form. Moreover, since putrescine can be synthesized directly from ornithine or indirectly from arginine via agmatine, the activity of ODC alone did not give a full picture of the impact of MeJA on Put accumulation.
PL
Siewki czterech gatunków warzyw (kukurydzy, pomidora, rzodkiewki i cebuli) traktowano przez 7 dni parami jasmonianu metylu (MeJA). MeJA przyspieszyła proces starzenia tkanek roślinnych, powodując nagromadzenie antocyjanów. Jedynym wyjątkiem byá hipokotyle siewek rzodkiewki, w których stwierdzono zmniejszenie zawartości antocyjanów pod wpływem par MeJA. Wykazano, że MeJA ma zróżnicowany wpływ na zawartość amin biogennych. W przypadku liści i epikotyli kukurydzy oraz hipokotyli pomidora pary MeJA nie miały wpływ na zawartość putrescyny (Put). Z kolei liście pomidorów reagowały wzrostem poziomu putrescyny pod wpływem par MeJA. Natomiast w tkankach cebuli i rzodkiewki obserwowano bardzo duĪy spadek zawartości Put i spermidyny pod wpływem tego fitohormonu. Stwierdzone w tkankach rzodkiewki i cebuli niewielkie zawartości sperminy nie ulegały zmianom pod wpływem par MeJA. W tkankach kukurydzy wykazano obecność znacznej zawartości 2-fenyloetyloaminy (PEA). Stosowanie przez 7 dni par MeJA spowodowało 3-krotny wzrost zawartości PEA w liściach siewek tego gatunku. Niewielki poziom PEA stwierdzony w hipokotylach pomidorów ulegała obniżeniu pod wpływem MeJA. Uzyskane wyniki wskazują na mały związek pomiędzy aktywnością badanych enzymów (dekarboksylazy ornityny – ODC, dekarboksylazy lizyny – LDC i dekarboksylazy tyrozyny – TyDC) i zawartości amin w siewkach czterech badanych gatunków warzyw. W tkankach analizowanych gatunków warzyw nie stwierdzono mierzalnych poziomów kadaweryny i tyraminy, co może sugerować, że obie aminy mogą występować wyłącznie w formie związanej. ponieważ putrescyna może byü syntetyzowana bezpośrednio z ornityny lub pośrednio z argininy poprzez agmatynę, aktywność ODC nie daje pełnego obrazu wpływu MeJA na jej nagromadzanie.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.3-15,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Faculty of Natural Sciences, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Prusa 12, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
autor
  • Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland
autor
  • Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Siedlce, Poland
autor
  • Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Siedlce, Poland
autor
  • Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Siedlce, Poland
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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