PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 24 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Assessment of heavy metals contamination in near-surface dust

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
As a result of the continuous urbanization and industrialization in China over the last few decades, heavy metals have been continuously emitted into urban environments and now pose serious threats to human health. In the present study, an extensive urban near-surface dust survey was conducted in Changchun, China, to evaluate the current status of heavy metal contamination in urban dust and to identify the potential sources. A total of 232 samples were collected and the levels of Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Hg, As, Cr, and the major elements were then determined. The results indicated that the urban dusts were enriched with metals, particularly Cu, Cd, Zn, Pb, and Hg. Principal component analysis (PCA) was employed to identify sources of heavy metals, and the results revealed distinctly different associations among the trace metals and the major elements in the urban dusts. The concentrations of Cr and As appeared to be controlled by natural factors. Cu and Pb were mainly from vehicle emissions. Zn primarily come from traffic sources, especially vehicle tires. Additionally, Hg primarily originated from coal combustion, while Cd was mainly associated with industrial sources. A revised pollution index for each metal and a Nemerow integrated pollution index (NIPI) of the seven metals were attributed to each sampling site to assess the degree of metal contamination. The results showed that the pollution indexes (PI) of each metal are not especially high. However, a significant degree of metal pollution exists in some urban dusts in Changchun, particularly for Cu, Cd, Zn, and As. The mean value of the Nemerow integrated pollution index (NIPI) of the seven metals also indicated that urban dusts in Changchun city were classified as having moderate levels of pollution. However, it should be noted that about 11% of all samples had a NIPI value above 3, suggesting a high level of contamination by metals. These findings indicate that more attention should be paid to metal pollution of the urban dusts in Changchun in the future.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
24
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.1817-1829,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • School of Civil Engeinering, Chongqing Universtiy, Chongqing 400045, China
  • Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Areas (Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400045, China
autor
  • School of Civil Engeinering, Chongqing Universtiy, Chongqing 400045, China
  • Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Areas (Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400045, China
autor
  • College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130026, China
autor
  • Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing 210029, China
Bibliografia
  • 1. WEI B., YANG L. A review of heavy metal contaminations in urban soils, urban road dusts and agricultural soils from China. Microchem. J. 94, (2), 99, 2010.
  • 2. ZIBRET G., VAN TONDER D., ZIBRET L. Metal content in street dust as a reflection of atmospheric dust emissions from coal power plants, metal smelters, and traffic. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 20, (7), 4455, 2013.
  • 3. SAEEDI M., LI LY., SALMANZADEH M. Heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: pollution and ecological risk assessment in street dust of Tehran. J. Hazard. Mater. 227-228, 9, 2012.
  • 4. HU X., ZHANG Y., LUO J., WANG T., LIAN H., DING Z. Bioaccessibility and health risk of arsenic, mercury and other metals in urban street dusts from a mega-city, Nanjing, China. Environ. Pollut. 159, (5), 1215, 2011.
  • 5. TAYLOR MP., CAMENZULI D., KRISTENSEN LJ., FORBES M., ZAHRAN S. Environmental lead exposure risks associated with children's outdoor playgrounds. Environ. Pollut. 178, 447, 2013.
  • 6. HAN Y., DU P., CAO J., POSMENTIER ES. Multivariate analysis of heavy metal contamination in urban dusts of Xi’an, Central China. Sci. Total Environ. 355, (1-3), 176, 2006.
  • 7. SHI X., WANG J. Comparison of different methods for assessing heavy metal contamination in street dust of Xianyang City, NW China. Environmental Earth Sciences. 68, (8), 2409, 2012.
  • 8. AL-KHASHMAN OA. Assessment of heavy metals contamination in deposited street dusts in different urbanized areas in the city of Ma’an, Jordan. Environmental Earth Sciences. 70, (6), 2603, 2013.
  • 9. LI Z., FENG X., LI G., BI X., ZHU J., QIN H., DAI Z., LIU J., LI Q., SUN G. Distributions, sources and pollution status of 17 trace metal/metalloids in the street dust of a heavily industrialized city of central China. Environ. Pollut. 182, 408, 2013.
  • 10. LI H., QIAN X., HU W., WANG Y. GAO H. Chemical speciation and human health risk of trace metals in urban street dusts from a metropolitan city, Nanjing, SE China. Sci. Total Environ. 456-457, 212, 2013.
  • 11. NAZZAL Y., ROSEN MA., AL-RAWABDEH AM. Assessment of metal pollution in urban road dusts from selected highways of the Greater Toronto Area in Canada. Environ. Monit. Assess. 185, (2), 1847, 2013.
  • 12. KELLY J, THORNTON I, SIMPSON PR. Urban geochemistry: a study of the influence of anthropogenic activity on the heavy metal content of soils in traditionally industrial and non-industrial areas of Britain. Appl. Geochem. 11, (1-2), 363, 1996.
  • 13. ZHU Z., SUN G., BI X., LI Z., YU G. Identification of trace metal pollution in urban dust from kindergartens using magnetic, geochemical and lead isotopic analyses. Atmos. Environ. 77, 9, 2013.
  • 14. BI X., LIANG S. LI X. A novel in situ method for sampling urban soil dust: particle size distribution, trace metal concentrations, and stable lead isotopes. Environ. Pollut. 177, 48, 2013.
  • 15. ZHANG C., QIAO Q., APPEL E., HUANG B. Discriminating sources of anthropogenic heavy metals in urban street dusts using magnetic and chemical methods. J. Geochem. Explor. 119-120, 60, 2012.
  • 16. SHI G., CHEN Z., XU S., ZHANG J., WANG L., BI C., TENG J. Potentially toxic metal contamination of urban soils and roadside dust in Shanghai, China. Environ. Pollut. 156, (2), 251, 2008.
  • 17. HAWLEY JK. Assessment of health risk from exposure to contaminated soil. Risk Anal. 5, (4), 289, 1985.
  • 18. ROSENFELD D., DAI J., YU X., YAO Z., XU X., YANG X., DU C. Inverse relations between amounts of air pollution and orographic precipitation. Science. 315, 1396, 2007.
  • 19. TOKALIOĞLU Ş., KARTAL Ş. Multivariate analysis of the data and speciation of heavy metals in street dust samples from the Organized Industrial District in Kayseri (Turkey). Atmos. Environ. 40, (16), 2797, 2006.
  • 20. CAO Z., YANG Y., LU J., ZHANG C. Atmospheric particle characterization, distribution, and deposition in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, Central China. Environ. Pollut. 159, (2), 577, 2011.
  • 21. FUJIWARA F., REBAGLIATI RJ., DAWIDOWSKI L., GÓMEZ D., POLLA G., PEREYRA V., SMICHOWSKI P. Spatial and chemical patterns of size fractionated road dust collected in a megacity. Atmos. Environ. 45, (8), 1497, 2011.
  • 22. ATIEMO SM., OFOSU FG., ABOH IJK., OPPON OC. Levels and sources of heavy metal contamination in road dust in selected major highways of Accra, Ghana. X-Ray Spectrometry. 41, (2), 105, 2012.
  • 23. ADACHI K., TAINOSHO Y. Characterization of heavy metal particles embedded in tire dust. Environ. Int. 30, (8), 1009, 2004.
  • 24. LEE PK., YOUM SJ. JO HY. Heavy metal concentrations and contamination levels from Asian dust and identification of sources: a case-study. Chemosphere. 91, (7), 1018, 2013.
  • 25. LU SG, ZHENG YW., BAI SQ. A HRTEM/EDX approach to identification of the source of dust particles on urban tree leaves. Atmos. Environ. 42, (26), 6431, 2008.
  • 26. SIMON E., BRAUN M., VIDIC A., BOGYO D., FABIAN I. TOTHMERESZ B. Air pollution assessment based on elemental concentration of leaves tissue and foliage dust along an urbanization gradient in Vienna. Environ. Pollut. 159, (5), 1229, 2011.
  • 27. YANG ZP, LU WX., LONG YQ. Atmospheric dry and wet deposition of heavy metals in Changchun city, China. Research of Environmental Sciences. 22, (1), 28. 2009 [In Chinese with English abstract].
  • 28. ZHAO XM., ZHAO LP, HUA XY. Distribution Characteristics and Sources Analysis of Heavy Metal Atmospheric Dustfall in Changchun. Urban Environment & Urban Ecology. 22, (4), 30, 2009 [In Chinese with English abstract].
  • 29. GUO P. Study on Heavy Metal Contamination Mechanism and Countermeasure in Urban Soil of Changchun. Changchun: Jilin University. 2005 [In Chinese].
  • 30. YANG Z., LU W., LONG Y., BAO X., YANG Q. Assessment of heavy metals contamination in urban topsoil from Changchun City, China. J. Geochem. Explor. 108, (1), 27, 2011.
  • 31. SHI ZM., NI SJ, ZHANG CJ. A new research of material carrier in the urban atmosphere – air dust near the ground. Guangdong Wei Liang Yuan Su Ke Xue. 14, (2), 1, 2007.
  • 32. ZHOU F., GUO H.C., HAO ZJ. Spatial distribution of heavy metals in Hong Kong's marine sediments and their human impacts: A GIS-based chemometric approach. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 54, (9), 1372, 2007.
  • 33. YU L., ZHANG B., ZHANG SQ. Heavy metal elements pollution evaluation on the ecological environment of the Sanjiang Plain based on GIS. Chinese Journal of Soil Science. 35, (5), 529, 2004 [In Chinese with English abstract].
  • 34. YANG ZP. Eco-geochemical Characteristics and Sources Identification of Heavy Metal Contamination in Changchun City, China. Changchun: Jilin University. 2008 [In Chinese].
  • 35. CNEMC (China National Environmental Monitoring Centre). The background values of Chinese soils. Beijing: Environmental Science Press of China, 501, 1990.
  • 36. MENG XX., LI SZ. Study on the background values of soils in Jilin province. Beijing: Science Press. 1995.
  • 37. YANG ZP., LU WX., XIN X, LI J., LI P. Lead isotope signatures and source identification in urban soil of Changchun City. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition). 38, (4), 663, 2008 [In Chinese].
  • 38. WANG X.S., QIN Y. Environmental risk and sources of heavy metals in Xuzhou urban topsoil. Geochimica. 35, (1), 88, 2006 [In Chinese with English abstract].
  • 39. STREETS D., HAO J., WU Y., JIANG J., CHAN M., TIAN H., FENG X. Anthropogenic mercury emissions in China. Atmos. Environ. 39, (40), 7789, 2005.
  • 40. SHI ZM., NI SJ, ZHANG CJ. The geochemical characteristics of air dust near the ground in Chengdu. Earth and Environment. 32, (3-4), 53, 2004.
  • 41. CHARLESWORTH S., EVERETT M., MCCARTHY R., ORDÓÑEZ A., DE MIGUEL E. A comparative study of heavy metal concentration and distribution in deposited street dusts in a large and a small urban area: Birmingham and Coventry, West Midlands, UK. Environ. Int. 29, (5), 563, 2003.
  • 42. DU Y., GAO B., ZHOU H., JU X., HAO H., YIN S. Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Road Dusts in Urban Parks of Beijing, China. Procedia Environmental Sciences. 18, 299, 2013.
  • 43. LU X., WANG L., LI LY., LEI K., HUANG L., KANG D. Multivariate statistical analysis of heavy metals in street dust of Baoji, NW China. J. Hazard. Mater. 173, (1-3), 744, 2010.
  • 44. WEI B., JIANG F., LI X., MU S. Spatial distribution and contamination assessment of heavy metals in urban road dusts from Urumqi, NW China. Microchem. J. 93, (2), 147, 2009.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-2ee7e2e9-e54e-49f9-959b-53419723aef9
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.