Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 84 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Micromorphology of the epidermis and anatomical structure of the leaves of Scorzonera hispanica L.

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
In Poland Scorzonera hispanica L. is rare in the wild. This species is used as a vegetable and medicinal plant. Currently, attempts are being made to introduce this plant into cultivation in Poland. In this study, comparative analyses were conducted of the epidermis surface micromorphology and anatomical structure of the leaves of S. hispanica 'Maxima' and 'Meres'. The investigations were performed using fluorescence, light and scanning electron microscopy. The cuticle on the surface of epidermal cells is smooth or striated. In the epidermis, there are anomocytic stomata. The stomatal index in the epidermis of the studied cultivars is 9.3-11%. In the midrib of the leaf, there is an aerial cavity which occupies a substantial area. In this place, cracking and breaking of the leaf blade were observed. Over the aerial cavity under the adaxial epidermis, there is a single layer of collenchyma cells and 1-2 rows of parenchyma cells. Tangential collenchyma is also present between the abaxial epidermis and large vascular bundles located in the midrib and on both sides of the large vascular bundles in the lamina. This tissue strengthens the leaf margin. The mesophyll cells located in the abaxial epidermis of the midrib form protrusions surrounding the large vascular bundles. The leaves of S. hispanica represent the equifacial type.
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Botany, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
  • Department of Horticultural Nursery and Seed Production, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Leszczynskiego 58, 20-068 Lublin, Poland
  • Department of Pomology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Leszczynskiego 58, 20-068 Lublin, Poland
  • Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
  • 1.Lack HW. Compositae. Tribe Cichorieae Lam. & DC. In: Kubitzki K, editor. The families and genera of vascular plants. Berlin: SpringerVerlag; 2007. p. 180-199.
  • 2.Szweykowska A, Szweykowski J. Słownik botaniczny. Warszawa: Wiedza Powszechna; 1993.
  • 3.Rejewski M. Pochodzenie łacińskich nazw roślin polskich: przewodnik botaniczny. Warszawa: Książka i Wiedza; 1996.
  • 4.Mirek Z, Piękoś-Mirkowa H, Zając A, Zając M, editors. Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland - a checklist. Kraków: W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences; 2002. (Biodiversity of Poland; vol 1).
  • 5.Rutkowski L. Klucz do oznaczania roślin naczyniowych Polski Niżowej. 2nd ed. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN; 2005.
  • 6.Nuez F, Bermejo JEH. Neglected crops: 1492 from a different perspective. In: Bermejo JEH, León J, editors. Plant production and protection series No. 26. FAO: Rome; 1994. p. 303-332.
  • 7.Podbielkowski Z, Sudnik-Wójcikowska B. Słownik roślin użytkowych. 7th ed. Warszawa: Powszechne Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Leśne; 2003.
  • 8.Chaux C, Foury C. Scorzonere ou salsify noir. Productions legumieres. Techniques et Documentation - Lavoisier. 1994;2:443-451.
  • 9.Moore D, Tutin TG, Walters SM. Compositae. In: Tutin TG, Heywood VH, Burges NA, Moore DM, Valentine DH, Walters SM, et al., editors. Flora Europaea. Volume 4. Plantaginaceae to Compositae (and Rubiaceae). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1976. p. 103-410.
  • 10.Bosch CH. Scorzonera hispanica L. In: Grubben GJH, Denton OA, editors. Plant resources of tropical Africa. 2. Vegetables. Wageningen: PROTA Foundation, Backhuys Publishers, CTA; 2004. p. 454-455.
  • 11.Dolota A, Dąbrowska B. The nutritive value of the leaves of several scorzonera (Scorzonera hispanica L.) cultivars. Fol Univ Agric Stetin Agric. 2004;239(95):63-68.
  • 12.Dolota A, Dąbrowska B. Raw fibre and inulin content in roots of different scorzonera cultivars (Scorzonera hispanica L.) depending on cultivation method. Folia Hortic. 2004;16(1):31-37.
  • 13.Konopiński M. Influence of intercrop plants and varied tillage on yields and nutritional value of scorzonera (Scorzonera hispanica L.) roots. Acta Sci Pol Hortorum Cultus. 2011;10(1):49-59.
  • 14.Bryanskii OV, Tolstikhina VV, Zinchenko SV, Semenov AA. A sesquiterpene glucoside from cultivated cells of Scorzonera hispanica. Chem Nat Compd. 1992;28(6):556-560. BF00630429
  • 15.Zidorn C, Ellmerer-Müller EP, Stuppner H. Sesquiterpenoids from Scorzonera hispanica L. Pharmazie. 2000;55:550-551.
  • 16.Granica S, Lohwasser U, Jöhrer K, Zidorn C. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of secondary metabolites in aerial and subaerial of Scorzonera hispanica L. (black salsify). Food Chem. 2015;173:321-331.
  • 17.Bryanskii OV, Tolstikhina VV, Semenov AA. A glycoside of syrin-garesinol from a tissue culture of Scorzonera hispanica. Chem Nat Compd. 1992;28(5):519-520.
  • 18.Niness KR. Inulin and oligofructose: what are they? J Nutr. 1999;129:1402-1406.
  • 19.Flamm G, Glinsmann W, Kritchevsky D, Prosky L, Roberfroid M. Inulin and oligofructose as dietary fibre: a review of the evidence. Crit Rev Food Sci. 2001;41(5):353-362. http://dx.doi. org/10.1080/20014091091841
  • 20.Kelly G. Inulin-type prebiotics: a review (part 1). Altern Med Rev. 2008;13(4):315-329.
  • 21.Kelly G. Inulin-type prebiotics: a review (part 2). Altern Med Rev. 2009;14(1):36-55.
  • 22.Nowak A, Klimowicz A, Bielecka-Grzela S, Piechota M. Inulin: a valuable nutritional component. Ann Acad Med Stetin. 2012;58(1):62-65.
  • 23.Balcazar-Munoz BR, Martinez-Abundis E, Gonzalez-Ortiz M. Effect of oral inulin administration on lipid profile and insulin sensitivity in subjects with obesity and dyslipidemia. Rev Med Chil. 2003;131:597-604.
  • 24.Coudray C, Bellanger J, Castiglia-Delavaud C, Rémésy C, Vermorel M, Rayssignuier Y. Effect of soluble or partly soluble dietary fibres supplementation on absorption and balance of calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc in healthy young men. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1997;51:375-380.
  • 25.Kim YY, Jang KH, Lee EY, Cho Y, Kang SA, Ha WK, et al. The effect of chicory fructan fiber on calcium absorption and bone metabolism in Korean postmenopausal women. Nutr Sci. 2004;7:151-157.
  • 26.Khobrakova VB, Nikolaev SM, Tolstikhina VV, Semenov AA. Im-munomodulating properties of lignan glucoside from cultivated cells of Scorzonera hispanica L. Pharm Chem J. 2003;37:10-11. http://
  • 27.Vulsteke G, Calus A. Influence of variety, date of harvest and storage time on factors connected with the crystallization on canned scorzonera (Scorzonera hispanica). Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1990;40:149-166.
  • 28.Wędzony M. Mikroskopia fluorescencyjna dla botaników. Kraków: Zakład Fizjologii Roślin im. Franciszka Górskiego, Polska Academia Nauk; 1996. (Monografie; vol 5).
  • 29.Nevalainen JJ, Laitio M, Lindgren I. Periodic acid-schiff (PAS) staining of epon-embedded tissues for light microscopy. Acta Histochem. 1972;42:230-233.
  • 30.Broda B. Metody histochemii roślinnej. Warszawa: Państwowy Zakład Wydawnictw Lekarskich; 1971.
  • 31.Meidner H, Mansfield TA. Physiology of stomata. London: McGraw-Hill; 1968.
  • 32.Kilian N, Gemeinholzer B, Lack HW. Cichorieae. In: Funk VA, Susanna A, Stuessy TF, Bayer RJ, editors. Systematics, evolution and biogeography of Compositae. Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy; 2009. p. 343-383.
  • 33.Makbul S, Turkmen Z, Çoşkunçelebii K, Beyazoglu O. A morphometric study on Scorzonera L. taxa (Asteraceae) from northeast Anatolia. Acta Bot Croat. 2010;69(2):237-247.
  • 34.Stace CA. The taxonomic importance of leaf surface. In: Heywood VH, Moore DM, editors. Current concepts in plant taxonomy. London: Academic Press; 1984. p. 67-94.
  • 35.Budel JM, Duarte M, Santos C. Stem morpho-anatomy of Baccharis cylindrical (Less.) DC. (Asteraceae). Braz J Pharm Sci. 2004;40(1):93-99.
  • 36.Adedeji O, Jewoola OA. Importance of leaf epidermal characters in Asteraceae family. Not Bot Hort Agrobot Cluj. 2008;36(2):7-16.
  • 37.Amorin M, de Paula JP, da Silva RZ, Farago PV, Budel JM. Pharma-cobotanical study of the leaf and stem of Mikania lanuginosa for its quality control. Rev Bras Farmacogn. 2014;24:531-537. http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/j.bjp.2014.10.002
  • 38.Uzunova K, Bancheva S, Raimondo FM. Studies on the leaf epidermal structure of genus Cyanus, sect. Napuliferae (Compositae). Bocconea. 2007;21:249-256.
  • 39.Kolattukudy PE, Rogers LM, Li D, Hwang CS, Flaishman MA. Surface signaling in pathogenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1995;92:4080-4087.
  • 40.Mendgen K. Fungal attachment and penetration. In: Kerstiens G, editor. Plant cuticles. Oxford: Bios Scientific Publishers; 1996. p. 175-188.
  • 41.Schreiber L, Krimm U, Knoll D, Sayed M, Auling G, Kroppenstedt RM. Plant microbe interactions: identification of epiphytic bacteria and their ability to alter leaf surface permeability. New Phytol. 2005;166:589-594.
  • 42.Kurdyukov S, Faust A, Nawrath C, Bär S, Voisin D, Efremova N, et al. The epidermis-specific extracellular bodyguard controls cuticle development and morphogenesis in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2006;18(2):321-339.
  • 43.Wu R, Li S, He S, Wassmann F, Yu C, Qin G. CFL1, a WW domain protein, regulates cuticle development by modulating the function of HDG1, a class IV homeodomain transcription factor, in rice and Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2011;23(9):3392-3411. http://dx.doi. org/10.1105/tpc.111.088625
  • 44.Makbul S, Çoşkunçelebi K, Gültepe M, Okur S, Güzel ME. Scorzonera ahmet-duranii sp. nov. (Asteraceae) from southern Anatolia, and its phylogenetic position. Nord J Bot. 2012;30:2-11. http://dx.doi. org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.2011.01235.x
  • 45.Makbul S, Turkmen Z, Çoşkunçelebi K, Beyazoglu O. Comparison of foliar anatomy of Scorzonera L. (Asteraceae) taxa form north east Anatolia. Pak J Bot. 2011;43(1):135-155.
  • 46.Çoşkunçelebi K, Makbul S, Gültepe M, Onat D, Güzel M, Okur S. A new Scorzonera (Asteraceae) species from South Anatolia, Turkey, and its taxonomic position based on molecular data. Turk J Bot. 2012;36:299-310.
  • 47.Qureshi SJ, Khan MA, Ahmad M. Comparative morphology, palynology and anatomy of five astraceous species from Pakistan. Afr J Agric Res. 2008;3(9):622-632.
  • 48.Cutler DF, Brandham PE. Experimental evidence for genetic control of leaf surface characters in hybrid Aloinaeae. Kew Bull. 1978;32:23-32.
  • 49.Hodgson JG, Sharafi M, Jalili A, Dýaz S, Montserrat-Martý G, Palmer C, et al. Stomatal vs. genome size in angiosperms: the somatic tail wagging the genomic dog? Ann Bot. 2010;105:573-584. http://dx.doi. org/10.1093/aob/mcq011
  • 50.Pearce DW, Millard S, Bray DF, Rood SB. Stomatal characteristics of riparian popular species in a semi-arid environment. Tree Physiol. 2006;26:211-218.
  • 51.Casson S, Gray JE. Influence of environmental factors on stomatal development. New Phytol. 2008;178(1):9-23. http://dx.doi. org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02351.x
  • 52.Adedeji O. Leaf epidermal studies of the species of Emilia Cass. (Senecioneae, Asteraceae) in Nigeria. Bot Lith. 2004;10(2):121-133.
  • 53.Qi XP, Zhang XC. Taxonomic revision ofLepisorus (J. Sm.) Ching sect. Lepisorus (Polypodiaceae) from China. J Syst Evol. 2009;47(6):581-598.
  • 54.Leroux O. Collenchyma: a versatile mechanical tissue with dynamic cell walls. Ann Bot. 2012;110(6):1083-1098. aob/mcs186
  • 55.Aydin Ö, Çoşkunçelebi K, Gültepe M, Güzel ME. A contribution to taxonomy of Centaurea including Psephellus (Asteraceae) based on anatomical and molecular data. Turk J Bot. 2013;37:419-427. http://
  • 56.Wojtaszek P, Woźny A, Ratajczak L. Biologia komórki roślinnej. T.1. Struktura. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN; 2012.
  • 57.Woźny A, Michejda J, Ratajczak L, editors. Podstawy biologii komórki roślinnej. Poznań: Wydawnictwo naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu; 2000.
  • 58.Hejnowicz Z. Anatomia i histogeneza roślin naczyniowych. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN; 2002.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.