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2012 | 21 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Transformation of a water network in a moraine upland-outwash plain-valley landscape

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The area under study in this paper was subject to landscape transformations, including changes in hydrographical networks. These changes were especially intense in the second half of the 19th century during the Prussian partition, when extensive hydrotechnical works were conducted. Based on a comparison of cartographic materials at a scale of 1:25,000, Prussian topographic maps from 1874, and Polish maps from the second half of the 20th century, it was found that the hydrographic network has changed significantly. A characteristic anthropogenic pattern of water structures was observed that correlates with certain individual morphological units. In the bottoms of the valleys and hollows there is a dense irrigation network, and in the moraine areas, numerous reservoirs of anthropogenic origin were found that are characterized by a rather small size and circular shape. The drainage density in the area under study has increased from 0.7 to 1.95 km·km⁻², but the lake percentage has only increased from 1.81 to 1.93%. However, the number of reservoirs has increased from 36 to 675. The anthropogenic water reservoirs were found first and foremost in the area of the uplands, where the reservoir frequency has increased from 0.3 km·km⁻² to 7.7 km·km⁻². The results of the conducted research can be used to perform an automatic analysis of the transformations of the water network in Tuchola Forest and other areas of the last glacial extent. The results of the study presented in this paper should also be used when taking any decisions and actions that may lead to changes in water network and water management. The discussed “anthropogenic lakeland” located in the area of poor industrial and urban development, the Tuchola Forest, may also be the premise for verifying views on a large number of lakes situated in kettle holes within the Polish Lowland (Niż Polski).
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
21
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.259-265,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Faculty of Environmental Studies, Kazimierz Wielki University, Mińska 15, 85-428 Bydgoszcz, Poland
autor
  • Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia, Będzińska 60, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Local Data Bank, www.stat.gov.pl
  • 2. Prussian topographic maps at a scale 1:25000. Sections: Lesno, 1874; Wielle, 1874; Brusy, 1874; Malachin, 1874; Long, 1874.
  • 3. Polish topographic maps at a scale of 1:25000. Sections: Karsin, 1977; Kaliska ,1979; Czersk, 1977; Osieczna, 1979; Brusy, 1985; Męcikał, 1985. Państwowe Przedsiębiorstwo Geodezyjno-Kartograficzne: Warszawa.
  • 4. Digital Hydrographic Map of Poland. Biuro Gospodarki Wodnej, Warszawa, 2004.
  • 5. Geological map of Poland at a scale of 1:200000, base maps at a scale of 1:50000. Sections: Brusy, Karsin, Wiele, Czersk, Stara Kiszewa.
  • 6. CORINE Land Cover Update I&CLC2000 Project. Technical Guidelines, EEA, European Topic Center – Terrestrial Environment, European Environment Agency, Kobenhavn, http://dataservice.eea.europa.eu/dataservice, 2002.
  • 7. Schrötter’s map, section 92, 1796-1802.
  • 8. JUTROWSKA E. Anthropogenic changes in hydrological conditions in the Brda basin. Bibl. Monit. Środow., Inspekcja Ochrony Środowiska, WIOŚ: Bydgoszcz, pp. 128, 2007 [In Polish].
  • 9. SZUMIŃSKA D. Natural and anthropogenic conditioning of the course of the selected hydrological processes in the Wda basin, doctoral dissertation, Instytut Geografii UKW: Bydgoszcz, 2006 [In Polish].
  • 10. SZUMIŃSKA D. Changes of the shore line of reservoirs located near the Wda Kanal in the 19th and 20th centuries. Dokum. Geogr., 32, IGiPZ PAN: Warszawa, pp. 271-277, 2006 [In Polish].
  • 11. SZUMIŃSKA D. The influence of the 19th century irrigation systems on water conditions in some parts of the Bory Tucholskie region. In: Transformation of water conditions as a part of environmental changes. Ed. by A.T. Jankowski, D. Absalon, R. Machowski, M. Ruman. Uniwersytet Śląski, Polskie Towarzystwo Geograficzne Oddz. Katowicki, RZGW Gliwice: Sosnowiec, pp. 269-278, 2009 [In Polish].
  • 12. CZAJA K., JAŃCZAK J. Transformation of lakes in the Radunia basin in the last century. In: Transformation of lakes and water reservoirs. Ed. by A. Choiński, Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe: Poznań, pp. 55-68, 2010 [In Polish].
  • 13. CHOIŃSKI A. Changes in number and surface area of lakes in the Parsęta basin since the close of the 19th century. In: Anthropopression impact on lakes. Ed. by A. Choiński, Scientific conference, Poznań, 2 December 1997, Homini: Poznań-Bydgoszcz. pp. 18-22, 1997 [In Polish].
  • 14. CHOIŃSKI A., MADALIŃSKA K. Changes in lake percentage in Lakeland catchments adjacent to the Baltic since the close of the 19th century. Limnological Review, 2, 63, 2002.
  • 15. NOWACKA A., PTAK M. The change of the surface lakes on Lake District Wielkopolsko-Kujawskie in 20th age. Bad. Fizjogr. nad Polską Zach., Seria Geografia Fizyczna, 58, 149, 2007 [In Polish].
  • 16. CHOIŃSKI A. Artificial reservoirs in Poland to the south of the line of reach of the Baltic glaciation. Ed. by Z. Michalczyk, Hydrographic research in understanding the environment, 8, Circulation of water in the natural and transformed environment, UMCS: Lublin, pp. 149-156, 2007 [In Polish].
  • 17. CZAJA S. Changes in hydrographic conditions under strong anthropopression (illustrated by the example of Katowice conurbation). Wyd. Uniwersytetu Śląskiego: Katowice, 1999 [In Polish].
  • 18. JANKOWSKI A. T. Anthropogenic water reservoirs within the area of Upper Silesia. Acta Univeristatis Nicolai Copernici, Geografia, 29, 103, UMK: Toruń, 1999 [In Polish].
  • 19. GRAF R. Post-mining reservoirs in the suburban and urban zones of Poznań in old and contemporary cartographic representations – analysis of transformation phases. In. Changes in hydrographic conditions in the historical times. Ed. by A. Kaniecki, A. Baczyńska, Bogucki Wyd. Nauk.: Poznań, pp. 85-102, 2010 [In Polish].
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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