Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 22 | 1 |

Tytuł artykułu

Does it pay to be active?

Treść / Zawartość

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



Introduction. During their career athletes are at risk of injuries due to high-intensity training, overtraining, and untreated sports-related micro-injuries. As they advance in years, they experience the results of previous injuries. Aim of Study. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of physical activity and their changes on the quality of life in the old age. Material and Methods. A review of literature was performed with the use of keywords: “sport injuries”, “aging”, “quality of life”, “old age”, “former athletes”, “osteoarthritis”, “physical activity” in databases such as PubMed, SPORTDiscus, MEDLINE, Springer, Google Scholar. Results. Degenerative changes in the joints are far more common in former athletes than in the general population. Well-developed muscles resulting from sustained physical activity prevent limitations in daily life (including those resulting from degenerative changes). Degenerative changes caused by long-time sport activity have no significant effect on the quality of life in older people. Conclusion. Physical activity plays an important role in reducing physical deficits in everyday life of the elderly, thus contributing to improving their quality of life.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Oncology Orthopedics and Traumatology, Clinic of Spine Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
  • Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
  • Oncology Orthopedics and Traumatology, Clinic of Spine Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
  • Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland


  • 1. Macera CA, Hootman JM, Sniezek JE. Major public health benefits of physical activity. Arthritis Rheum. 2003; 49(1): 122-128.
  • 2. Friery K, Bishop P. Long-term impact of athletic participation on physical capabilities. JEPonline. 2007; 10(1): 34-47.
  • 3. Maffulli N, Longo UG, Gougoulias N, et al. Sport injuries: a review of outcomes. Br Med Bull. 2011; 97: 47-80.
  • 4. Reimers CD, Knapp G, Reimers AK. Does physical activity increase life expectancy? A review of the literature. J Aging Res. 2012; 24: 243958.
  • 5. Kujala UM, Orava S, Parkkari J, et al. Sports career-related musculoskeletal injuries: Long-term health effects on former athletes. Sports Med. 2003; 33(12): 869-875.
  • 6. Drawer S, Fuller CW. Propensity for osteoarthritis and lower limb joint pain in retired professional soccer players. Br J Sports Med. 2001; 35: 402-408.
  • 7. Kuj ala UM, Marti P, Kaprio J, et al. Occurrence of chronic disease in former top-level athletes. Predominance of benefits, risks or selection effects? Sports Med. 2003; 33(8): 553-561.
  • 8. Videman T, Sarna S, Battie MC, et al. The long-term effects of physical loading and exercise lifestyles on back-related symptoms, disability, and spinal pathology among men. Spine. 1995; 20(6): 699-709.
  • 9. Vingárd E, Sandmark H, Alfredsson L. Musculo skeletal disorders in former athletes: A cohort study in 114 track and field champions. Acta Orthop Scand. 1995; 66(3): 289-291.
  • 10. Maquirriain J, Ghisi JP, Amato S. Is tennis a predisposing factor for degenerative shoulder disease? A controlled study in former elite players. Br J Sports Med. 2006; 40: 447-450.
  • 11. Hermette ML, Polle G, Tourny-Chollet C, Dujardin F. Hip passive range of motion and frequency of radiographic hip osteoarthritis in former elite handball players. Br J Sports Med. 2006; 40: 45-49.
  • 12. Felson DT, Lawrence RC, Dieppe PA, et al. Osteoarthritis: new insights. Part 1: the disease and its risk factors. Ann Intern Med. 2000; 133(8): 635-646.
  • 13. Żołądź JA, Majerczak J, Duda K. Starzenie się a wydolność fizyczna człowieka (Aging and physical fitness). In: Górki J. ed., Fizjologia wysiłku i treningu fizycznego (Physiology of exercise and training). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL. 2011. pp. 157-165.
  • 14. Kostka T. Aktywność ruchowa a starzenie się organizmu (Physical activity and aging). In: Jegier A, Nazar K, Dziak A, eds., Medycyna Sportowa. Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Medycyny Sportowej; 2005. pp. 457-464.
  • 15. Doherty TJ. Invited review: aging and sarcopenia. J Appl Physiol. 2003; 95: 1717-1727.
  • 16. Manini TM, Pahor M. Physical activity and maintaining physical function in older adults. Br J Sports Med. 2009; 43: 28-31.
  • 17. Rejeski WJ, Brawley LR, Shumaker SA. Physical activity and health-related quality of life. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 1996; 24: 71-108.
  • 18. Rejeski WJ, Mihalko SL. Physical activity and quality of life in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2001; 277: 64-66.
  • 19. Huanhg Y, Macera CA, Blair SN, et al. Physical fitness, physical activity, and functional limitation in adults aged 40 and older. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998; 30(9): 1430-1435.
  • 20. Turner AP, Barlow JH, Heathcote-Elliott C. Long term health impact of playing professional football in the United Kingdom. Br J Sports Med. 2000; 34: 332-337.
  • 21. Hurd WJ, Snyder-Mackler L. Trening nerwowo-mięśniowy (Nerve-muscle training). In: Donatelli R, Gnat R, eds., Rehabilitacja w sporcie (Rehabilitation in sport), Wrocław: Elsevier Urban and Partner; 2010. pp. 259-271.
  • 22. Daneshjoo A, Mokhtar AH, Rahnama N, Yusof A. The effects of comprehensive warm-up programs on proprioception, static and dynamic balance on male soccer players. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12): e51568.
  • 23. Sharma L. Proprioceptive impairment in knee osteoarthritis. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1999; 25(2): 299-314.
  • 24. Marchewka A, Jungiewicz M. Aktywność fizyczna w młodości a jakość życia w starszym wieku (Physical activity at a young age and quality of life at an older age). Geront Pol. 2008; 16(2): 127-130.
  • 25. Phillips SM, Wójcicki TR, McAuley E. Physical activity and quality of life in older adults: an 18-month panel analysis. Qual Life Res. 2012; 22(7): 1647-1654.

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.